• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

IB Psychology Internal Assessment - Learning Perspective

Extracts from this document...


Introduction In observing the school classroom, Bandura's Social Learning Theory was applied. Social Learning Theory was proposed by Bandura and is the theory of learning and development. The theory states that people learn new behavior from one another through reinforcement, imitation, observational learning, or modeling. The general concept or idea of Bandura's Social Learning Theory is that people can learn through observation. - [1977] A study of observational learning by Bandura, Ross, and Ross (1961) can be a great example presenting Bandura's Social Learning Theory. The aim of the study was to demonstrate that learning can occur through mere observation of a model, and that imitation can occur in the absence of that model. Design of the method was a laboratory experiment, in which the independent variable (IV) or types of model were manipulated in three conditions as aggressive, non-aggressive, and controlled condition with no model shown. The dependent variable (DV) was the amount of imitative behavior and aggression shown by the children, which are the levels of aggression shown by the children. Matched pairs of 12 boys and 12 girls were assigned to each condition and were observed for both same and opposite sex models. ...read more.


The difference in verbal commands was very gradual as it is illustrated in the graph. Voice tone of the teacher was also changing, but negative tone of the voice was twice more than the positive or the nicely speaking tone. Facial expressions were effective to the reactions of the children, so he was diverse in using facial expressions. The teacher of the lower school classroom used some of the body language, but they were not as effective as facial expressions. So he was in control of using body language signs to the children. Eye contact can be included in body language, and the teacher showed a lot of positive eye contacts while speaking or referring to the children. As the result of the teacher's observation, it was demonstrated that he was in full control of getting reactions of imitative behaviors of the children. In this observation, a teacher's behaviors towards children in a lower school classroom were observed, which are very easy to be imitated by children through the teacher being a model to them. Characteristics of the teacher's behaviors were divided into six groups. ...read more.


Bandura (1977) said that the gained information through the study can only be carried on within its indispensability. More trials of the observation can make the results closer to the actual Social Learning Theory of Bandura (1977). For the areas of future study, the importance of attention, one of Bandura's four steps of observational learning, was given out through this research. In the process of attention, the chance of imitative behaviors gets higher as the more attention is given to the model's behaviors in the observation. Therefore, the teacher, who was the model of the observation, was sufficient enough in getting the attention of the children. The children observed the teacher's facial expressions, gestures, and verbalism very carefully, so the study clearly prompted that there is more probability of their imitative behaviors. - Bandura [1977] Conclusion In the observation, the obtained results tend to show that the model was tightly controlled in showing off his behaviors. The children of the researched study reacted almost like as the predicted behaviors. They showed imitation, which is a reflection included in Bandura's Social Learning Theory. As Bandura's Social Learning Theory states, the children have learned new behaviors from the model through imitation, observational learning, and modeling which was the whole purpose of this observation. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Psychology essays

  1. Psychology Internal Assessment

    Asch's research, conducted in 1946, suggests that the initial information received by an individual is recollected more than the information received later, which he called the primary effect. During his experiment, he divided his participants into two groups, where Group A had a list starting with positive traits and ending with negative, while Group B had the reverse.

  2. Social Facilitation Internal Assessment

    The theory of social facilitation has since had a major impact in the world of psychology In my replication of Triplett's experiment, I judged the presence of social facilitation when people were running a certain distance. I timed each person once when running alone and another time when running together with a group.

  1. Internal Assessment : Loftus and Palmer Study

    All of the esperiment lasted about 10 minutes, and the video was shown to all of the students at the same time. Mean estimate of speed (mph) Smashed 49 Collided 45 Bumped 44.5 Hit 47.75 Contacted 50.75 Results descriptive: In the graph below you can see how the phrasing of the question changed the speed estimate between different people.

  2. Internal Assessment on Stroop Effect

    goal and purpose of the experiment, and assured that no mental or physical harm had been done to them. Participants The total sample group consisted of eighteen participants, ages ranging from 14 to 15 years, with the mean or average being 15.

  1. Internal Assessment : Loftus and Palmer Study

    Consent forms (appendix ii) and debriefing letter (appendix iii). Procedure: 1.Get the 20 participants from the American School . 2.Give the students consent forms for acceptance of conducting experiment. 3.The students are shown 1 clip of 5 to 30 seconds long. 4.The students are asked to write about what they have just seen .

  2. IB Psychology Experiment - Our aim is to determine the effect of gender on ...

    female have about the same amount of participants who noticed the moon walking bear in trial 2 and 3. However, not all the participants have awareness level like that, in some cases, male tends to have higher awareness level than female.

  1. Free essay

    How to handle emotions better. Understanding emotions helps to see the world form a ...

    However, it happens that very often we cannot say what do we feel for a person, or we do not know how to express it. What do I feel? Where does the emotion come from? What can I do to change my emotion?

  2. Psychology IB Abnormal Notes and Essay Plans

    Useful to study, similar genetics 4. Generalized 5. The fact that MZ twins had higher concordance rates of chances of having bulimia is between 23% to 83%, it shows that it may not be too reliable 1. Neurotransmitters 1. Delgado and Moreno 1. Aim: investigating levels of noradrenaline and serotonin in patients suffering from major depression 2.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work