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Narcissistic Personality Disorder

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Zack Lindahl, IB1b Narcissism - An essay on self-love and Narcissistic Personality Disorder Introduction It was the psychologist Paul N�cke who first coined the term narcissism. The name comes from an ancient mythological figure called Narcissus, who fell in love with his own reflection. He eventually wasted away in front of a lake, staring at his reflection in the water. He became a flower, namely the narcissus. Almost all healthy people are at least slightly narcissistic, as those who do not have some self-love usually suffer from some sort of inferiority complex, which is socially as unhealthy as narcissism. For some, narcissism develops into an unhealthy emotional disorder called NPD, narcissistic personality disorder. The term NPD first appeared in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders in 1980. This pathological narcissism can, opposed to healthy narcissism, cause severe distress and functional impairment. Pathological narcissism, that is the core of NPD, develops in adolescents and adulthood is a behavior and pattern of thought that makes the person with NPD to be obsessive about itself at the exclusion of others. ...read more.


The child then shift focus from the true self-awareness to a false self-awareness where the child sees itself as omnipotent and invulnerable. These emotions later develop into pathological narcissism Another psychologist; Karen Horney thought further about Freud's ideas. She agrees with Sigmund Freud about children's narcissistic feelings of themselves and their parent. However, she claims that pathological narcissism is a defence mechanism that is the result of the realization that the parent is not omnipotent, but can be unfair and undependable, ergo human. Heinz Kohut disagreed with Freud, and said that pathological narcissism is not a result of excessive concepts of an omnipotent self. Instead, Kohut claimed that pathological narcissism is the result of deformed or lacking narcissistic self-structures. These constructs were named Grandiose Exhibitionist Self. This self-concept is a reaction to parental stimulation. Kohut's School of Thought says that these responses are part of making us healthy adult with ambitions and ideals. ...read more.


The narcissist can not take criticism, whether or not it is destructive or constructive. A pathological narcissist feel injured and humiliated when criticized and often become angry. However, although some narcissists do not hide their feelings, most try to do so by feigning modesty and humility. This resentment towards setbacks of any kind and disagreements makes hit hard for the narcissist to work with other people, or play in sports based on teamwork. Closure It should be stressed that there are few narcissists who are alike. Some are healthy narcissists, some suffer from NPD. Some are cerebral narcissists, who rely on academic achievements and intelligence for their self-gratification. Others are somatic, and gain self-gratification from their physique, exercise, physical or sexual prowess and romantic or physical conquests. A few are compensatory, and their narcissism helps them to compensate for feelings of inferiority and low self-esteem. In this, it should be noted that all narcissists behave differently in different situations, but they all share an illusion of grandeur and have excess self-love ...read more.

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