• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Narcissistic Personality Disorder

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Zack Lindahl, IB1b Narcissism - An essay on self-love and Narcissistic Personality Disorder Introduction It was the psychologist Paul N�cke who first coined the term narcissism. The name comes from an ancient mythological figure called Narcissus, who fell in love with his own reflection. He eventually wasted away in front of a lake, staring at his reflection in the water. He became a flower, namely the narcissus. Almost all healthy people are at least slightly narcissistic, as those who do not have some self-love usually suffer from some sort of inferiority complex, which is socially as unhealthy as narcissism. For some, narcissism develops into an unhealthy emotional disorder called NPD, narcissistic personality disorder. The term NPD first appeared in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders in 1980. This pathological narcissism can, opposed to healthy narcissism, cause severe distress and functional impairment. Pathological narcissism, that is the core of NPD, develops in adolescents and adulthood is a behavior and pattern of thought that makes the person with NPD to be obsessive about itself at the exclusion of others. ...read more.

Middle

The child then shift focus from the true self-awareness to a false self-awareness where the child sees itself as omnipotent and invulnerable. These emotions later develop into pathological narcissism Another psychologist; Karen Horney thought further about Freud's ideas. She agrees with Sigmund Freud about children's narcissistic feelings of themselves and their parent. However, she claims that pathological narcissism is a defence mechanism that is the result of the realization that the parent is not omnipotent, but can be unfair and undependable, ergo human. Heinz Kohut disagreed with Freud, and said that pathological narcissism is not a result of excessive concepts of an omnipotent self. Instead, Kohut claimed that pathological narcissism is the result of deformed or lacking narcissistic self-structures. These constructs were named Grandiose Exhibitionist Self. This self-concept is a reaction to parental stimulation. Kohut's School of Thought says that these responses are part of making us healthy adult with ambitions and ideals. ...read more.

Conclusion

The narcissist can not take criticism, whether or not it is destructive or constructive. A pathological narcissist feel injured and humiliated when criticized and often become angry. However, although some narcissists do not hide their feelings, most try to do so by feigning modesty and humility. This resentment towards setbacks of any kind and disagreements makes hit hard for the narcissist to work with other people, or play in sports based on teamwork. Closure It should be stressed that there are few narcissists who are alike. Some are healthy narcissists, some suffer from NPD. Some are cerebral narcissists, who rely on academic achievements and intelligence for their self-gratification. Others are somatic, and gain self-gratification from their physique, exercise, physical or sexual prowess and romantic or physical conquests. A few are compensatory, and their narcissism helps them to compensate for feelings of inferiority and low self-esteem. In this, it should be noted that all narcissists behave differently in different situations, but they all share an illusion of grandeur and have excess self-love ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Psychology essays

  1. This essay will be investigating the eating disorder Bulimia nervosa.

    The ingestion of carbohydrate rich meals triggers the synthesis of serotonin, this signal will reduce the likelihood that a person will eat carbohydrate rich foods in their next meal.

  2. Examine the Concepts of Normality & Abnormality

    The exemption of behaviour caused by bereavement is, thirdly, the culmination of the first two underlying principles, for not only is this grief allowed a much longer period for its dissipation, but also that the exhibition this grave sadness is itself considered acceptable by social norms - which is certainly different in a Buddhist culture.

  1. The Basic Mechanisms of Homeostasis Overview of homeostasis The term homeostasis was ...

    Influence tended to be horizontal across a particular socio-economic class, except that in the 'higher' social classes there was a tendency for people to find opinion leaders in the next class up. No opinion leader was an opinion leader in all aspects of life.

  2. Psychology IB Abnormal Notes and Essay Plans

    Life events resembling previous experiences would most likely lead to depression 1. Evaluation of Brown and Harris 1. People had different coping abilities of their events 2. Life events resembling previous experiences would most likely lead to depression. However not all the women who d experienced traumatic life events developed depression.

  1. Psychology IB Abnormality Notes

    Unemployed lack a majority of those characteristics 2. This might account for much of the reported mental ill-health among unemployed people 3. Most of us would be somewhat abnormal with that list, since it is (to some extent) value judgments 1. What's considered psychologically normal depends on the society and the culture that the person is in 2.

  2. Where does Schizophrenia Lie in the Spectrum of Nature vs Nurture?

    Each person has 46 chromosomes, and 23 of these chromosomes are inherited from each parent. It could be possible that a mother that is a carrier for schizophrenia and a father that has schizophrenia passed on a gene to one of their children leading them to having this disorder.

  1. To What Extent Can Music Improve a Child's Intelligence?

    This could have affected the children?s achievement as both the researcher?s and music teacher?s teaching abilities could have been more effective than a typical 3rd grade teacher?s, so there?s no guarantee that if music instruction were to be implemented on a larger scale, that it would have results that were similar to this study.

  2. Describe and Evaluate Crammer (1997) Personality and defence mechanisms in adolescents.

    It was found that the personality correlations were the same for both genders, Conclusion: Diffused identity status gives the lowest self-esteem, moratorium gives fairly low self-esteem. The study helped to demonstrate what level each personality characteristic relates to the use of defence mechanisms.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work