• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Outline the historical or cultural factors that led to the development of the biological perspective

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Outline the historical or cultural factors which led to the development of the Biological perspective. Over the last century or so, the practise of psychology began to formally include certain aspects of the scientific method into its ways of looking at human behaviour. This perspective - the Biological perspective - involves the idea that all human behaviour has a physiological basis and that the body and mind are a single entity. However, this perspective which is taken much for granted now did not arise from nowhere. The fundamental basics of this perspective can be traced back as far as the Egyptian and Greek times, although the perspective didn't advance much more until quite recently when technological advancements have allowed newer types of research to be performed and different types of information to be uncovered. ...read more.

Middle

Even Galen in the second century concluded that the frontal lobes were the seat of the soul. However with the fall of the Greek empire and the rise of the Romans, much philosophy disappeared for many years. It wasn't until much later down the timeline that there was another boom of psychological research. In the late 19th and early 20th century, the scientific method was established and new ways of looking at questions which had bothered people for some time emerged. Most importantly, the use of case studies, large scale experiments, and the development of particular technologies has advanced our understanding of the human body hugely. ...read more.

Conclusion

The next big step was the development of x-ray based brain scanning techniques, starting with the creation of the CAT scan in 1972. This created a burst of information and all of the areas and functions of the brain were completely mapped by the end of the century. To an abstract degree, the biological perspective was forged in two short periods of time: the age of philosophers, establishing the base questions of the theory, and the age of technology of science to answer all the questions through scientific evidence. Since then, the biological perspective of psychology has gone on to explain all sorts of ideas in other areas of science and medicine and has produced some great benefits for the general public. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Psychology essays

  1. Describe the role of situational and dispositional factors in explaining behaviour.

    Unless somebody has the disposition to obey, no obedience will occur. What happened in Milgram's experiment, from this point of view, was that the disposition to obey, cooperate with, or be liked by the experimenter, proved stronger than rival dispositions to be compassionate towards the victim or act according to one's conscience.

  2. I am going to talk about cognitive processes of memory and how biological factors ...

    Stress level was measured on a perceived scale on the study entry. To study wound healing, a punch biopsy was used which is a low-risk technique. Wounds were taken care of using disinfectants. A week after the biopsy, each wound was photographed until it was completely healed.

  1. To what extent does the biological level of analysis explain behaviour?

    The study was conducted by researchers giving volunteers either an oral pill with melatonin, or a placebo. The results showed that an injection of melatonin to the volunteers caused them to act in a rather withdrawn and sedated manner. Their reaction to different tests and overall character showed the researchers

  2. Examine the role of two cultural dimensions on behaviour.

    this, where for example in Japan the saying "the nail that stands out gets pounded down" and in the United States the saying "squeaky wheel gets the grease". This shows to an extent that in Japan, children are raised to the expectations of the social group and to be interdependent

  1. EE PSYCHOLOGY

    (McGreevy and Boakes, 2007: 2) Merely by changing the frequencies of certain behaviors conducted by an animal humans are able to benefit from the multiple tasks that other species are capable of performing. By teaching to respond with a specific response under specific conditions many have found new assistance and help from service animals.

  2. Essay outline for Topic 2 & 3

    Leader emerged. (�for loyalty, commitment, identification) 3. (Phase 2, competitive/hostility phase) Boys meet each other. Sherif gives them conflict saying the winning team wins a prize. The boys became hostile, called names, burned flags, carried out raids, fist fought. They also praised their own members. 4. (Phase 3, superordinate goals)

  1. A Long Way Gone: Memoirs of a Boy Soldier by Ishmael Beah--A Psychological Analysis ...

    Ishmael was familiar with the word ?winter? from the writings of Shakespeare, but he did not understand what it meant. He had the same reaction to the word ?snowfall? which he had never heard before, but had seen movies about Christmas and was familiar with scene of snow falling.

  2. Psychology biological level of analysis revision

    May not help explain why differences exist 6. Expensive Correlational studies 1. Analyse data in biological studies to test for relationships between variables. 2. There are two specific methods in genetic research that use correlations: Twin studies and adoption studies 3. Can be used when ethics or the type of research question prohibits an experiment.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work