• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Outline the historical or cultural factors that led to the development of the biological perspective

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Outline the historical or cultural factors which led to the development of the Biological perspective. Over the last century or so, the practise of psychology began to formally include certain aspects of the scientific method into its ways of looking at human behaviour. This perspective - the Biological perspective - involves the idea that all human behaviour has a physiological basis and that the body and mind are a single entity. However, this perspective which is taken much for granted now did not arise from nowhere. The fundamental basics of this perspective can be traced back as far as the Egyptian and Greek times, although the perspective didn't advance much more until quite recently when technological advancements have allowed newer types of research to be performed and different types of information to be uncovered. ...read more.

Middle

Even Galen in the second century concluded that the frontal lobes were the seat of the soul. However with the fall of the Greek empire and the rise of the Romans, much philosophy disappeared for many years. It wasn't until much later down the timeline that there was another boom of psychological research. In the late 19th and early 20th century, the scientific method was established and new ways of looking at questions which had bothered people for some time emerged. Most importantly, the use of case studies, large scale experiments, and the development of particular technologies has advanced our understanding of the human body hugely. ...read more.

Conclusion

The next big step was the development of x-ray based brain scanning techniques, starting with the creation of the CAT scan in 1972. This created a burst of information and all of the areas and functions of the brain were completely mapped by the end of the century. To an abstract degree, the biological perspective was forged in two short periods of time: the age of philosophers, establishing the base questions of the theory, and the age of technology of science to answer all the questions through scientific evidence. Since then, the biological perspective of psychology has gone on to explain all sorts of ideas in other areas of science and medicine and has produced some great benefits for the general public. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Psychology essays

  1. Examine the role of two cultural dimensions on behaviour.

    belonging. Similar study has been done on Australians and Malaysians (Bochner 1994). This emphasises again on the independent and interdependent views as in the previous research. Another found theory (Kitayama and Markus 1991) is where American college students saw themselves less similar to the Asian students, where they perceive themselves as

  2. Describe the role of situational and dispositional factors in explaining behaviour.

    It is still very unethical as during the experiment the participants were told that they could not discontinue, even though the subjects have the right to withdraw from any experiment at any moment. Milgram never denied the importance of dispositional determinants on obedience, he claimed that he had not managed to identify them in his research.

  1. I am going to talk about cognitive processes of memory and how biological factors ...

    The independent variables were the different questions asked from the participants to test their semantic memory; the dependent variable was the accuracy of the semantic memory of the participants. The procedure of the study was that the patients were given tasks as naming pictures of objects and animals, or picking the appropriate picture given its name.

  2. Essay outline for Topic 2 & 3

    Leader emerged. (�for loyalty, commitment, identification) 3. (Phase 2, competitive/hostility phase) Boys meet each other. Sherif gives them conflict saying the winning team wins a prize. The boys became hostile, called names, burned flags, carried out raids, fist fought. They also praised their own members. 4. (Phase 3, superordinate goals)

  1. A Long Way Gone: Memoirs of a Boy Soldier by Ishmael Beah--A Psychological Analysis ...

    isolation was not something that could be realized at this point in Ishmael?s development. As soon as Zainab inquired about ?who? Ishmael was, he ended the relationship. This question is probably something that Ishmael did not have an answer for.

  2. Examine the role of two cultural dimensions on behaviour

    SIT was developed in individualist countries to explain behaviour in these cultures. Brewer and Chen 2007 highlight that individualist countries are less focused on group harmony or doing their duty for the traditional groups (e.g. family) that collectivist societies are based on.

  1. Outline the principles of social cultural level of analysis and explain how they ...

    The experiment was to compare U.S. and Japanese university student in three scenarios. Subjects were 171 male and female from Ohio State University, 171 male and female from Hokkaido University students and 28 male and female Hokkaido Education University students.

  2. Psychology biological level of analysis revision

    Often case studies 2. Can be longitudinal, i.e. document case while alive, and then dissect brain after death. E.g. Broca?s patient Tan. 3. Specific brain locations and functions can be identified for further study 4. But cause and effect can?t be easily determined.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work