• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Outline the historical or cultural factors that led to the development of the biological perspective

Extracts from this document...


Outline the historical or cultural factors which led to the development of the Biological perspective. Over the last century or so, the practise of psychology began to formally include certain aspects of the scientific method into its ways of looking at human behaviour. This perspective - the Biological perspective - involves the idea that all human behaviour has a physiological basis and that the body and mind are a single entity. However, this perspective which is taken much for granted now did not arise from nowhere. The fundamental basics of this perspective can be traced back as far as the Egyptian and Greek times, although the perspective didn't advance much more until quite recently when technological advancements have allowed newer types of research to be performed and different types of information to be uncovered. ...read more.


Even Galen in the second century concluded that the frontal lobes were the seat of the soul. However with the fall of the Greek empire and the rise of the Romans, much philosophy disappeared for many years. It wasn't until much later down the timeline that there was another boom of psychological research. In the late 19th and early 20th century, the scientific method was established and new ways of looking at questions which had bothered people for some time emerged. Most importantly, the use of case studies, large scale experiments, and the development of particular technologies has advanced our understanding of the human body hugely. ...read more.


The next big step was the development of x-ray based brain scanning techniques, starting with the creation of the CAT scan in 1972. This created a burst of information and all of the areas and functions of the brain were completely mapped by the end of the century. To an abstract degree, the biological perspective was forged in two short periods of time: the age of philosophers, establishing the base questions of the theory, and the age of technology of science to answer all the questions through scientific evidence. Since then, the biological perspective of psychology has gone on to explain all sorts of ideas in other areas of science and medicine and has produced some great benefits for the general public. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Psychology essays

  1. To what extent does the biological level of analysis explain behaviour?

    their hallucinations and their perception of the world (Kasamatsu & Hirai, 1999). This data suggests that indeed neurotransmitters do play a certain role in behavioral aspect of humans. Another neurotransmitter that allegedly explains human behaviour is dopamine. It is unique in the aspect that it also falls in the category

  2. Examine the role of two cultural dimensions on behaviour.

    Self perception is also motivated by these cultural orientations, seen through the research of Trafimow et al (1991), where North Americans and Chinese students filled out sentences starting with "I am...". Americans tended to fill out blanks with self traits descriptions, for example "I am shy".

  1. Describe and evaluate the historical and cultural conditions that gave rise to the Learning ...

    The rise of the learning perspective links directly with this, as the concept of searching for explanations in the area of psychology was just commencing as well. The father of experimental psychology (We Didn't Start the Fire), Wilhelm Wundt (1832-1920)

  2. IB Psychology Internal Assessment - Learning Perspective

    of Psychology Class for about 20 minutes, and the results were recorded on observation schedule sheets. 3. The students or researchers of the observation investigated and determined how Bandura's Social Learning Theory was applied in the observation, and how it led to the imitative behaviors of the children.

  1. Case Study Development of Autistic Child

    Unlike the ASQ-3, the ASQ:SE provides one combined score. Mason's combined score of 200 was drastically over the cutoff score of 59; providing his parents and educators with alarm. The ASQ:SE suggests first to consider factors in the child's life that may contribute to his or her behavior thus producing his score.


    Numerous animals are used in services e.g. dogs, capuchin monkeys and horses. These animals do not enter the field of service before they have undergone training in order to make use of their sensory and social skills. (McGreevy and Boakes, 2007: 2)

  1. Outline the principles of social cultural level of analysis and explain how they ...

    The last principal which is important at this level of analysis that will be talked about is peopleâs views of the world are resistant to change. People always tend to adapt to change but never accept it graciously. Hence there is always dissidence towards it.

  2. Psychology biological level of analysis revision

    Sperry tested this theory by showing the âsplit-brain patientsâ different images in one visual field, then showing it to the other visual field. The test was to observe the memory. He found that the patient could understand the picture shown to one visual field but couldnât identify it when it was shown to the other field.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work