Outline the historical or cultural factors that led to the development of the biological perspective
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Outline the historical or cultural factors which led to the development of the Biological perspective. Over the last century or so, the practise of psychology began to formally include certain aspects of the scientific method into its ways of looking at human behaviour. This perspective - the Biological perspective - involves the idea that all human behaviour has a physiological basis and that the body and mind are a single entity. However, this perspective which is taken much for granted now did not arise from nowhere. The fundamental basics of this perspective can be traced back as far as the Egyptian and Greek times, although the perspective didn't advance much more until quite recently when technological advancements have allowed newer types of research to be performed and different types of information to be uncovered.
Even Galen in the second century concluded that the frontal lobes were the seat of the soul. However with the fall of the Greek empire and the rise of the Romans, much philosophy disappeared for many years. It wasn't until much later down the timeline that there was another boom of psychological research. In the late 19th and early 20th century, the scientific method was established and new ways of looking at questions which had bothered people for some time emerged. Most importantly, the use of case studies, large scale experiments, and the development of particular technologies has advanced our understanding of the human body hugely.
The next big step was the development of x-ray based brain scanning techniques, starting with the creation of the CAT scan in 1972. This created a burst of information and all of the areas and functions of the brain were completely mapped by the end of the century. To an abstract degree, the biological perspective was forged in two short periods of time: the age of philosophers, establishing the base questions of the theory, and the age of technology of science to answer all the questions through scientific evidence. Since then, the biological perspective of psychology has gone on to explain all sorts of ideas in other areas of science and medicine and has produced some great benefits for the general public.
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