• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Psychology essay-- Discuss the effectiveness of the biological perspective in explaining one psychological or social question.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

6. Psychology Essay- Discuss the effectiveness of the biological perspective in explaining one psychological or social question. The biological perspective is the study of biological bases to behaviour. This perspective can be effective in explaining aggression, a social question. Biopsychology is effective in explaining this perspective as this approach is very scientific making it objective and the approach has contributed to psychologists' understanding of a wide range of phenomena such as aggression by investigating the limbic system of the brain. There is increasing awareness due to modern day brain scanning that the biological approach plays an important role in the behaviour of individuals in areas such as aggression. The limbic system contains many brain structures such as the hypothalamus and the amygdala. Papez (1937) proposed a model of how these structures were interlinked to regulate emotional behaviour. MacLean further added on to Papez's theory and stated that one particular area in the limbic system was involved with many strong emotions such as aggression. ...read more.

Middle

Although it is effective there are a few disadvantages in Delagado's experiment which limits how effective this approach is. Stimulating the brain involves surgery which is risky and can be called as an invasive technique. It is also not easy to know exactly how far the stimulation is spread to other areas of the brain and the behaviour and aggression produced may not be natural and can be stereotyped. Paul Broca (1860) discovered by examining the behavioural deficits of people with brain damage that people's personality can be changes if they suffer from brain damage. An example of this relation between brain lesions and functional behaviour is of Phineas Gage. Gage was injured and although he survived, there was a drastic change in his personality as a result of brain damage. He was aggressive, unpredictable and profane. Since one of the assumptions of biopsychology is that all behaviour has a cause i.e. it supports determinism, it is effective in explaining aggression because there is a clear reason to why and how it occurs, and that is through the brain. ...read more.

Conclusion

This is another biological reason why aggression could occur and it is effective in explaining it as research has been carried out along with experiments to show the valid results. Other than testosterone, researchers have also found evidence that chemicals such as serotonin and hormones such as progestin affect the amount of aggression. Lower levels increased impulsiveness and aggressiveness in animals whereas higher levels decreased the amount of aggression. An experiment with rhesus monkeys showed that serotonin was accountable for 25% of their aggressive fighting behavior. The most friendly and social monkeys had the highest serotonin levels. In conclusion, it is very effective to explain aggression through the biological perspective since there are many aspects that control aggression such as hormones and even parts of the brain. It is effective because through the assumptions of the biological perspective, such as all behaviour is caused and that all that is psychological is physiological-since the mind appears to reside the brain, all thoughts, behaviour and emotions ultimately have a physical cause- it can be concluded that aggression is caused by the brain and certain chemicals and hormones. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Psychology essays

  1. EE PSYCHOLOGY

    According to which some consequences determine whether a certain behavior will continue to exist. Consequences produced by the environment are classified into three types 1. neutral- consequences that do not increase nor decrease further frequency of behaviour 2. reinforcement-increase further frequency the the behaviour 3.punishment- consequences decrease further frequency of the behaviour.

  2. Free will Vs Determinism essay

    After 2 years, he withdrew Mao Ze Dong from school to help him with his business. Mao Ze Dong, however, still wanted to study; he used his spare time to read books. His father thought that he was just being lazy; they would quarrel, day after day, for a few years.

  1. Anger and Aggression in Males and Females

    From the definition of aggression emerges not only that it has to have an intention to hurt, but in the meantime also that the intention of such an act is difficult to be located and this might be one of the reasons why anger and aggression expressions seem to be under the same umbrella.

  2. Psychology IB Abnormal Notes and Essay Plans

    psychological disturbances come from irrational and illogical thinking 1. People who have depression and bulimia think depressed thoughts and have distorted cognitions. Suicidal ideation, guilt, âweight of the worldâ on their shoulders. Bulimics often are described as having dichotomous thinking processes and as âmusturbatorsâ â¦âeverything must be perfectâ, â I must be or behave like thisâ.

  1. A Long Way Gone: Memoirs of a Boy Soldier by Ishmael Beah--A Psychological Analysis ...

    more so in the way that Ishmael views himself as a person and the identities that he assumes during these periods. It must be mentioned that each of these identities are interconnected and help shape each other. We start Ishmael?s journey when he is eleven years old; this is a critical time period for the development of his identity.

  2. Discuss the effectiveness of one health promotion strategy - fear appeals.

    Huhmann and Brotherton (1997) conducted a study on advertising campaigns in magazines; they found that 4.8% of the 2769 advertisements studied contained fear appeals. This is less than other appeals such as humour and comparisons which accounted for 10.8% and 10% of the advertisements.

  1. TEST ESSAY UPLOAD 1

    Poverty is dysfunction because it is associated with loss of property, financial instability, and fear. Poverty is also functional for society because it leads to intensified attention of shared moral bonds that we as a society hold £ . Homelessness has been and still is a major issue in the United States.

  2. OUT OF BODY EXPERIENCES PSYCHOLOGY HL EXTENDED ESSAY

    Ever man has an astral body and a physical body. Your astral body takes the shape of your physical body because they are aligned with each other. When you separate your astral body from your physical body, you are thus inducing an out of body experience.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work