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Psychology IA Sociocultural Investigation. Do children have a preference of talking to other children with the same ethnicity?

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Introduction

´╗┐Year 11 Psychology HL Practise Internal Assessment Do children have a preference of talking to other children with the same ethnicity? Name: Jennie Liu Date of Submission: 16th May 2012 Number of Words: 1499 Abstract ________________ The aim of this study was to observe whether Asian and Caucasian preparatory children in one class of a school in Hong Kong (Australia International School HK) had a preference of talking to children of the same ethnicity. It was predicted that the children has a preference of talking to children with the same ethnicity. This study was a replication of another study conducted by researchers from Concordia University and the University of Montreal. Twelve children (six Caucasians and six Asians) of the class were observed and a tally was drawn up for the number of Asian and Caucasian children they talked to. The results were different to the study that this study was replicated from and the hypothesis was not supported. The results showed that the children did not have a preference of talking to other children with the same ethnicity. In fact, some children even talked to more with a different ethnicity. ...read more.

Middle

Since there were six Asian children and six Caucasian children, a mean of the number of Asian and Caucasian children they talked to was calculated for each of the six[4]. The mean was calculated because the six participants were equivalent to six trials so the mean helps give an estimate of where the data lies around. Standard deviations were calculated[5] to describe the numerical measure of spread of data and to see whether the mean is a good representation of the data. Results are shown in table below. Table 1. Mean of the number of Caucasian and Asian children the twelve participants talked to Ethnicity of Participants Mean number of children talked to (to 1 d.p) Caucasian Asian Asian 2 1 Caucasian 1 1 Table 2. Standard deviations of four sets of data Set of Data Standard Deviation Asian talking to Caucasians 1.26 Asians talking to Asians 0.82 Caucasians talking to Caucasians 0.75 Caucasian talking to Asians 0.63 Graph 1. Mean number of Caucasian and Asian children the twelve participants talked to (data from Table 1 in graphical form) It can be see from Graph 1 that the error bars overlap each other quite a lot. This means that the four sets of data are quite similar. ...read more.

Conclusion

(2011). Research Digest: Blogging on brain and behaviour. Retrieved May 2, 2012 from http://bps-research-digest.blogspot.com/2011/07/we-sit-near-people-who-look-like-us.html 2. Nadine Girouard, Dale Stack and Monica O'Neill-Gilbert (2011) cited on Science Daily. Do Kids Prefer Playmates of Same Ethnicity? (2011). Science Daily: Articles in Mind & Brain, Psychology. Retrieved May 2, 2012, from http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/06/110621074310.htm 3. Observational Study. (2006). Psych Exchange. Retrieved May 3, 2012 from http://www.psychexchange.co.uk/glossary/observational-study-118/ Appendix ________________ Appendix 1. Raw data table Ethnicity Participants Interaction Tally Caucasian Chinese Asian 1 II 2 I 3 IIII I 4 I I 5 I 6 III II Caucasian 7 I 8 I II 9 II I 10 I I 11 II I 12 I Appendix 2. Calculation of the mean Asian Participants (talking to Caucasians): Therefore Asian participants talked to a mean of 2 other Caucasian children. Asian Participants (talking to Asians): Therefore Asian participants talked to a mean of 1 other Asian child. Caucasian Participants (talking to Caucasians): Therefore Caucasian participants talked to a mean of 1 other Caucasian child. Caucasian Participants (talking to Asians): Therefore Caucasian participants talked to a mean of 1 other Asian child. Appendix 3. Calculation of Standard Deviations The standard deviations were calculated using excel. ________________ [1] Refer to Appendix 1 [2] Refer to Appendix 1 [3] Refer to Appendix 1 [4] Refer to Appendix 2 [5] Refer to Appendix 3 ...read more.

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