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Psychology- Internal Assessment

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Introduction

Internal assessment Experiment 1- the empathy-altruism model, in Boston et al (1981) the aim of this experiment was to prove two types of emotions that affect someone when seeing an other person suffering. Procedure: In Batson's classic experiment, students where asked to listen to tapes of an interview with a student named Carol. She talked about her struggles, and how far she was falling behind at school. Students were each given a letter, asking them to meet with Carol and share lecture notes with her. The experimenter varied the level of empathy, telling one group to try to focus on how Carol was feeling (high empathy level), while members of the group were told they did not need to concerned with her feeling (low empathy level). The experimenters also varied the cost of not helping. The high-cost group was told that Carol would be in their psychology class when she returned to school. ...read more.

Middle

So what can we do to sharpen our minds? Procedure and Findings: Nintendo also suggests that their products can make users "two to three times better in tests of memory". Professor Lieury believes that grappling with that homework, reading, playing Scrabble or Sudoku, or watching documentaries instead of soap operas, matches or even beats the console as a brain-training strategy. In his study, he split the children into four groups. The first two groups did a seven-week memory course on a Nintendo DS, the third did puzzles with pencils and paper, and the fourth went to school as normal. Before and after, the children were set various tasks. The DS-using children showed no significant improvement in memory tests. They did do 19 per cent better in mathematics, but so did the pencil-and-paper group. Evaluation: Many of the studies used to support claims about commercial brain trainers violate the most basic rules of scientific investigation. ...read more.

Conclusion

with placebo and 76 per cent of the patients in the SSRI drug plus CBT were judged as "improved" after being treated for four months. The researches concluded that treatment with drugs and CBT is effective but treatment with a placebo and CBT is almost as effective. The participants' self-reports after the study showed that the depression had decreased and so had the other behavioural problems. Evaluation Clinicians are often less willing to prescribe antidepressants to adolescents because they think that they should first and foremost stop abusing drugs. The researchers argued that teaching the adolescents cognitive and behavioural techniques helped them to manage negative thoughts and feelings that could trigger substance use. Treatment could start with CBT alone, and if the patient does not respond to that, a drug from the SSRI group should be added. Moreover cognitive therapies are cost-effective because they do not usually involve prolonged treatment. Source: John Crane and Jette Hannibal, Psychology Course Companion- Oxford ...read more.

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