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Schizophrenia is a mental disorder, which causes the victim to be unable to tell the difference between reality and non-reality experiences, unable to think reasonably, unable to have normal emotional responses, and unable to act normally in public situat

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Schizophrenia: A Disorder of Illusion and Reality Ryan Mathews, Dominic Nguyen, and David Poretto Coach Hailey Health Period 2 10 October 2009 Schizophrenia: A Disorder of Illusion and Reality Schizophrenia is a mental disorder, which causes the victim to be unable to tell the difference between reality and non-reality experiences, unable to think reasonably, unable to have normal emotional responses, and unable to act normally in public situations. The name "schizophrenia" was derived from Greek roots. "Schizo" means "split", and "phren" means mind in Greek. The main causes of schizophrenia are from genetic vulnerability and social and environmental risk factors. Schizophrenia usually runs in families, in which relationship is essential in determining the risk of attaining schizophrenia. If an identical twin has schizophrenia, then the other twin has a 48 percent chance of developing schizophrenia also. ...read more.


If these symptoms are positively occurring in people, then they can test to see if they are diagnosed with schizophrenia. Doctors first check with X-rays and blood sample testing to find out the cause for the symptoms. If the doctor finds nothing, then the patient is then referred to a psychiatrist or psychologist. From there, the psychiatrist or psychologist performs diagnostic tests on the patient and examines activities and behavior of the patient. If the symptoms last for about half a year, then it is confirmed that the person has schizophrenia. There are five types of schizophrenia: paranoid schizophrenia, disorganized schizophrenia, catatonic schizophrenia, undifferentiated schizophrenia, and residual schizophrenia. A person diagnosed with a paranoid type of schizophrenia experiences delusional and hallucinating images and events, but other vital symptoms such as flat affect, impaired thought disorders, and disorganization are not present. ...read more.


Currently, there are no successful cures for schizophrenia, but there is medication to alleviate symptoms. They take almost 2 weeks to take full effect, and there are some costly side effects. Some side effects include drowsiness, increased body weight, restlessness, and loss of muscle control. Another treatment for schizophrenia is electroconvulsive therapy. Electroconvulsive therapy is the process of putting electrodes on a patients scalp while they are induced into sleep by anesthesia, and it emits electrical current, which cause the patient to undergo a seizure. They wake up minutes later just to feel puzzled and confused. This type of therapy of schizophrenia is usually used as a last resort to relieve quickly the patient when he or she undergoes serious symptoms of schizophrenia and depression. Reference Bengston, M. (2006). Types of Schizophrenia. Psych Central. Retrieved (2009, October 10) from http://psychcentral.com/lib/2006/types-of-schizophrenia/ Chiko, Brian. (2004). http://www.schizophrenia.com/index.php. Retrieved from http://www.schizophrenia.com/index.php Farmbrough, R. (2009). Schizophrenia. Wikipedia. Retrieved (2009, October 10) from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schizophrenia ?? ?? ?? ?? Running Head: Schizophrenia: A Disorder 1 ...read more.

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