• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Social Facilitation Internal Assessment

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Social Facilitation Name IB Number Standard Level Psychology Date Word count Table of Contents Abstract.........................................................................................................3 Introduction.....................................................................................................4 Method...........................................................................................................5 Results...........................................................................................................7 Discussion......................................................................................................8 Works Cited....................................................................................................9 Appendix......................................................................................................10 Abstract Studies have shown patterns in which people are more likely to have a better performance when competing against others or when under the eye of others also. This theory, first researched by Norman Triplett in 1898, is called social facilitation. Triplett noticed that bike racers have faster times when racing against others compared to racing alone. He also studied the different performances based on the difficulty of the situation. Social facilitation theories have since changed and have become more developed since Triplett's first conclusions. In my experiment, I aimed to determine if people perform better in groups compared to being alone. I hoped to reach this aim by testing the speed of different people over a certain distance. I first timed them running alone, and then timed them when competing against others. There was a major difference in these times among all participants in this study. All of the people tested seemed to have much faster times when running against other people. Social facilitation is indeed a very accurate theory and my experiment helped me to see that. Introduction Social facilitation is known as the tendency for people to have a better performance when performing simple tasks when under the eye of others or when competing against another, rather than while they are alone,. ...read more.

Middle

Dealing with maturation factors, all of the subjects were studied at the same time and the same place, making sure no others factors would contribute to the differences in the experiment. I was sure to inform all members of the study that they must listen and use our time effectively. I strictly encouraged no messing around and stressed the importance of their focus during the process. To eliminate experimental bias in the study, I was not the only person testing these subjects. I had a couple of friends who were not participating in the study help me to time each participant's running times to make the results more accurate. Materials: In performing the experiment, the only instruments needed were a five stop watches, brand new and precise, and pencil and paper with a previously configured chart. This made the instrumentation concerns very slim because I depended only on one major instrument as a source of information. As there were many concerns in this study, I hope that I did my best to eliminate as many as possible. Participants: My target population was an opportunity sample. The participants of my study were chosen from a group of youth at my church. My youth group, ages twelve to seventeen, volunteered to partake in this testing. ...read more.

Conclusion

I tried very hard to be ethical throughout my experiment by treating the participants with respect and informing them of the process. This helped them to be more cooperative and easy to work with. Another strength I found in my experiment was the method that I chose to collect the needed data. Instead of being the only person timing the speed of each participant, other people helped me to be as accurate as possible. This methodology proved to be successful. On the contrary, my main weakness was that I was limited on the amount of people I could test. Because this procedure could not be conducted in a classroom, I had to find another group of people that would be willing to participate. If I had been able to test a more diverse class, my results could have been more accurate. I know that my results cannot be generalized outside of the opportunity sample because it is a non-representative sample, but I do believe that I came to the right conclusion. If I could do this experiment again, I would have tested the same groups more than once, on different days so that certain factors such as tiredness or hunger of the participants would not contribute to the results. In conclusion, according to the results of my replication of Triplett's experiment based on social facilitation, people perform better in groups compared to being alone. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Psychology essays

  1. Psychology Internal Assessment

    This conclusion suggested that once a central trait has been identified, the halo effect is applied so that all the person's traits become either wholly negative or positive. Furthermore, research to support the halo effect has been carried out worldwide to show the cultural universality with the term.

  2. Internal Assessment : Loftus and Palmer Study

    All of them are Hispanic and bilingual students mentioning that they know Spanish as their native language, and know English . The method used for the experiment was opportunity sampling because the students chosen were available and were old enough to sign the consent form right away.

  1. Internal Assessment : Stroop Effect

    handed consent forms explaining the process and requiring to be signed by their parents if the participants were below the age of 16. Our independent variable was the third stimulus, which consisted of a word that meant a color, but it was written in an incongruent color to the meaning.

  2. The Basic Mechanisms of Homeostasis Overview of homeostasis The term homeostasis was ...

    However, the pluralism is based on highly political ideologies. Since the fall of communism, the media has served intellectual pluralism, but will not serve democratic pluralism until informative capacity replaces ideological convictions. 3.5 'Coverage of the Roma in the Mass Media in Romania', Project on Ethnic Relations Plaks (1997)

  1. Internal Assessment on Stroop Effect

    In 1894, Muller and Schumann discovered a theory known as "the law of associative inhibition", which states that "if a is already connected with b, then it is difficult to connect it with k, b gets in the way." In this case, b acts as a mediator, wherein it affects the relation between a and k.

  2. Psychology Experiment. The study that is being replicated is the first experiment of J.R. ...

    This gives a more valid depiction of the results. To account for order effects, the words were not put in the same order. The confounding variable would be the participant's ability to read quickly. Because a repeated measures technique was used, it was possible to compare the participant's ability to

  1. Psychology IB Abnormal Notes and Essay Plans

    Kleinmutz 1967: noting that there are limitations to interviewing patients 1. Information exchange blocked when the patient or clinician cannot respect each other 2. Intense anxiety / preoccupation on the part of the patient may affect the process 3. Clinician's unique style, experience 1.

  2. Psychology IB Abnormality Notes

    Lindstroem et al: 1. Aim: whether schizophrenic patients had differences in dopamine levels 2. Method: PET scan of 10 patients with schizophrenia and 10 healthy controls. Inject patients with I-DOPA, which is used in production of dopamine 3. Results: I-DOPA was taken up more quickly in patients with schizophrenia, suggesting that more dopamine was used for production 1.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work