• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Cognitive Perspective

Extracts from this document...


The Cognitive Perspective Cognitive Psychology is a psychological science which is interested in various mind and brain related subfields such as cognition, the mental processes that underlie behaviour, reasoning and decision making. During the 20th century, the cognitive perspective was created because psychologists believed that the unifying theory of the biological perspective could not fully explain behaviour. The cognitive model focuses on how people know, understands and think about the world. - Uses methodology rather than subjective basis for research - Reductionism vs Non-reductionism - Structuralism vs Functionalism - Nature vs Nurture - Objectivity vs Subjectivity Early cognitive psychology is linked with Wundt and James, whom both are credited to the early researches and founders of the cognitive perspective. ...read more.


He did various experiments such as interviewing kids of different ages and asking them questions related to time, nature, numbers, causality, morality and other concepts. Though his studies, he came up with a theory that from infancy to adolescence, children advance trough a predictable series of cognitive changes. Through time, the cognitive revolution has gained further understanding and develops thoughtfully in the study of language. In 1959, an American linguist Noam Chomsky charged the behaviourist Skinner's theory that language is acquired according to the laws of operant conditioning. Chomsky believed that this theory was invalid as he noted that children all over the world start to speak at roughly the same age and proceeded through roughly at the same stages without being taught for the effort. ...read more.


The aim of the cognitive perspective is for a proper understanding of behaviour. The cognitive approach emphasizes the role of mediating in human behaviour. It is focused on how we remember and how information processing and decision making judgments are done. Unlike the behaviourist's approach, the cognitive approach gives the same importance to both the internal state of the person as well as accounting for the environment events that happened around them. Throughout the last few decades, researches have made a significant breakthrough in understanding the brain, nervous system, mental processes, and the nature of intelligence, human motivation and discrimination. This has benefitted in the understanding of how human's internal workings and the immune system as well as creating new cures for diseases. It has also helped for us to listen to young children and to promote their language development. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Psychology essays

  1. Psychology Internal Assessment

    tendency to generalize peoples personality's based on one positive characteristic, in this case, physical attractiveness. References Asch, S.E. (1946) Forming Impressions of Personality, Journal Of Abnormal and Social Psychology. Goodwin, C.J (1998). Research in Psychology: Methods and Design, (2nd ed.).

  2. Examine the Concepts of Normality & Abnormality

    To understand what Horwitz was saying it is necessary to examine the concepts of normality which distinguished DSM-III from its predecessors. In traditional psychiatry, where symptoms were produced by events or contexts that would be expected to produce them, they were seen as normal; otherwise it was a disorder.

  1. Understanding Childrens Behaviour. The purpose of this writing is to explore the theoretical ...

    The Pre-operational Stage is next, and this occurs in children aged around two to seven years old. Children aged around seven to eleven or twelve go through the Concrete Operational stage, and adolescents go through the Formal Operations Stage, from the age of around eleven to sixteen or more.

  2. Critically evaluate the Learning Perspective in terms of the following categories: a) Reductionism ...

    from the moment he is born. Pavlov's research on dogs and their responses to a number of stimuli in the 1920's solidifies this position. On the other hand, we happen to have the approach of non-reductionism that rivals that of reductionism. Its main ideas are as follows: Thorough knowledge of organisms cannot be gained through knowledge


    Certain behavior can seem to be learned and acquired from external conditioning has often proved to be instinctive behavior. Certain behaviors are acquired automatically through an innate mind map. Innate behavioral responses do not cease higher form of thought. It could be assumed that animals are capable of weighing on

  2. Where does Schizophrenia Lie in the Spectrum of Nature vs Nurture?

    Furthermore, all the symptoms associated with schizophrenia fall into two categories, positive symptoms and negative symptoms. Positive symptoms are symptoms, which are sometimes referred to as psychotic symptoms. They appear in a schizophrenic?s daily life. Delusions, hallucinations, and confused thoughts are examples of different positive symptoms and they are all associated with one?s brain.

  1. Experiment. Are bilingual people more proficient at multitasking between cognitive tasks?

    they showed increased activity in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, which is associated with cognitive skills such as attention and inhibition. As well as that, it was found that language switching also involves structures such as the anterior cingulate cortex, bilateral supermarginal gyrus, and left inferior frontal gyrus regions, which are involved in cognitive control too.

  2. Psychology biological level of analysis revision

    Or in other words, a receptor is like a lock and the neurotransmitter is like a key. When the key links with the lock, it triggers an action potential and thus, allows the message to continue to the next neuron.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work