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The Cognitive Perspective

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Introduction

The Cognitive Perspective Cognitive Psychology is a psychological science which is interested in various mind and brain related subfields such as cognition, the mental processes that underlie behaviour, reasoning and decision making. During the 20th century, the cognitive perspective was created because psychologists believed that the unifying theory of the biological perspective could not fully explain behaviour. The cognitive model focuses on how people know, understands and think about the world. - Uses methodology rather than subjective basis for research - Reductionism vs Non-reductionism - Structuralism vs Functionalism - Nature vs Nurture - Objectivity vs Subjectivity Early cognitive psychology is linked with Wundt and James, whom both are credited to the early researches and founders of the cognitive perspective. ...read more.

Middle

He did various experiments such as interviewing kids of different ages and asking them questions related to time, nature, numbers, causality, morality and other concepts. Though his studies, he came up with a theory that from infancy to adolescence, children advance trough a predictable series of cognitive changes. Through time, the cognitive revolution has gained further understanding and develops thoughtfully in the study of language. In 1959, an American linguist Noam Chomsky charged the behaviourist Skinner's theory that language is acquired according to the laws of operant conditioning. Chomsky believed that this theory was invalid as he noted that children all over the world start to speak at roughly the same age and proceeded through roughly at the same stages without being taught for the effort. ...read more.

Conclusion

The aim of the cognitive perspective is for a proper understanding of behaviour. The cognitive approach emphasizes the role of mediating in human behaviour. It is focused on how we remember and how information processing and decision making judgments are done. Unlike the behaviourist's approach, the cognitive approach gives the same importance to both the internal state of the person as well as accounting for the environment events that happened around them. Throughout the last few decades, researches have made a significant breakthrough in understanding the brain, nervous system, mental processes, and the nature of intelligence, human motivation and discrimination. This has benefitted in the understanding of how human's internal workings and the immune system as well as creating new cures for diseases. It has also helped for us to listen to young children and to promote their language development. ...read more.

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