• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Cognitive Perspective

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The Cognitive Perspective Cognitive Psychology is a psychological science which is interested in various mind and brain related subfields such as cognition, the mental processes that underlie behaviour, reasoning and decision making. During the 20th century, the cognitive perspective was created because psychologists believed that the unifying theory of the biological perspective could not fully explain behaviour. The cognitive model focuses on how people know, understands and think about the world. - Uses methodology rather than subjective basis for research - Reductionism vs Non-reductionism - Structuralism vs Functionalism - Nature vs Nurture - Objectivity vs Subjectivity Early cognitive psychology is linked with Wundt and James, whom both are credited to the early researches and founders of the cognitive perspective. ...read more.

Middle

He did various experiments such as interviewing kids of different ages and asking them questions related to time, nature, numbers, causality, morality and other concepts. Though his studies, he came up with a theory that from infancy to adolescence, children advance trough a predictable series of cognitive changes. Through time, the cognitive revolution has gained further understanding and develops thoughtfully in the study of language. In 1959, an American linguist Noam Chomsky charged the behaviourist Skinner's theory that language is acquired according to the laws of operant conditioning. Chomsky believed that this theory was invalid as he noted that children all over the world start to speak at roughly the same age and proceeded through roughly at the same stages without being taught for the effort. ...read more.

Conclusion

The aim of the cognitive perspective is for a proper understanding of behaviour. The cognitive approach emphasizes the role of mediating in human behaviour. It is focused on how we remember and how information processing and decision making judgments are done. Unlike the behaviourist's approach, the cognitive approach gives the same importance to both the internal state of the person as well as accounting for the environment events that happened around them. Throughout the last few decades, researches have made a significant breakthrough in understanding the brain, nervous system, mental processes, and the nature of intelligence, human motivation and discrimination. This has benefitted in the understanding of how human's internal workings and the immune system as well as creating new cures for diseases. It has also helped for us to listen to young children and to promote their language development. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Psychology essays

  1. Psychology Internal Assessment

    Group 1 Athletic Friendly Popular Open Genuine 1- Strongly Agree 3 2 4 3 2 2- Agree 10 11 10 9 11 3- Disagree 2 2 1 3 1 4- Strongly Disagree 1 Group 2 Data (unattractive/unsymmetrical faced sample) Group 2 Athletic Friendly Popular Open Genuine 1- Strongly Agree 2-

  2. Examine the Concepts of Normality & Abnormality

    If these reactions decrease over time as coping mechanisms appear to be dampening them, then a 'trajectory of adaptation' is deemed to have occurred, and the person is considered to have 'normal sadness'; but if this did not happen then it would be possible to infer that the person was

  1. Understanding Childrens Behaviour. The purpose of this writing is to explore the theoretical ...

    Sir Francis Galton (1822-1911) was the first scientist to study heredity and human behaviour systematically. Human behavioural genetics, a relatively new field, seeks to understand both the genetic and environmental contributions to individual variations in human behaviour. Research in behaviour genetics has shown that almost all personality traits have both biological and environmental bases.

  2. Revision notes on the Development of Moral Behaviour

    changed Can be changed Guilt takes into account Consequences Intention Conclusion Children go through a stage after which they start deciding on whether a behaviour is morally correct or wrong taking into account different things. Evaluation 1. The children were an opportunity sample and so isn't particularly representative of all children.

  1. Free essay

    Cognitive perspective memory model

    The main reason that this component was added was because amnesia patients have good short-term recall of stories. Much more information is recalled from the phonological loop than possible, hence, it was believed that the episodic buffer could have played a role.

  2. Where does Schizophrenia Lie in the Spectrum of Nature vs Nurture?

    Secondly, paranoid schizophrenia involves ?hallucinations involving paranoid ideation? as well as delusions. Common types of delusions that are evident in paranoid schizophrenia are the Delusion of Persecution, the Delusion of Jealousy, the Delusion of Grandeur, and the Delusion of Reference. Catatonic schizophrenia is one of the major types of schizophrenia.

  1. To What Extent Can Music Improve a Child's Intelligence?

    All of the students also had English as a second language, which would make it more difficult to generalise these results. The last major limitation is that one of the researchers and a music teacher had been instructing the children.

  2. Psychology biological level of analysis revision

    A key study by Wehr et al in 2008, conducted an experiment to compare the night time melatonin secretion of patients with Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) with normal subjects. SAD is a subcategory of depression. Symptoms include: lethargy, sleepiness and craving for carbohydrates.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work