• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Reliability of Memory. Theories of Freud, Bartlett and Loftus.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐MEMORY RELIABILITY Memory is a mental process that allows humans to store information so that information is not lost but remains preserved and can be present to be remembered, it also enables us to learn and makes possible for humanity to move forward. Our entire civilization has been constructed upon memory, but how reliable memory really is? Before psychology ever existed and psychologists began trying to understand the mysteries no person had questioned the possibility of its errors. Freud was a pioneer in studying affectations in memory; he was particularly interested in analyzing the reasons that cause some things to be forgotten. ...read more.

Middle

Two other researchers tried experiments on memory. The fist, Frederic Bartlett argued that memory is reconstructive and that previous knowledge influences what is recalled. He conducted an experiment based on serial reproduction in which he presented a Native American story for a student population. The participants repeated the story and then the repletion of the story and so on. The final result showed that the story became shorter with each repetition, it remained coherent and it became more conventional retaining details common in the lives of the participants. ...read more.

Conclusion

The results showed that language also has great influence in memory. In regard of Loftus? ideas about witnesses being incredible unreliability there are several scientists who disagree. Yuille and Cutshall have criticized Loftus? research for lack of ecological validity since the experiment did not reflected how and what people remembered in real life. They sustained that in a real life situation witnesses tend to remember particularly accurate. Besides Loftus? investigation had several cultural biases. In the end memory can be as unreliable as it may but humanity cannot survive without memory. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Psychology essays

  1. Testing the effect of different types of music on memory.

    and rehearse the words with either: rock, jazz, orchestra, strings or no music in the background. Then, they will be given 60+5 seconds to recall words from the previous list. Participants The sample population was to be selected within the IB students at a Queensland Academy.

  2. The effect and role of organization on memory and recall

    is equal to or less than the critical value of 11, the null hypothesis can be rejected. Therefore, on the basis of the data provided here, the result is significant at the 0.05 level: p < 0.05. DISCUSSION The findings from this report present a variety of responses from the participants.

  1. Internal Assessment : Loftus and Palmer Study

    into each other?" The five verbs used were smashed, collided , bumped, contacted , and hit . The dependent variable was the speed estimate from each student. The ethical guidelines were followed , avoiding harm , stress , and the unwillingness of the participation of the participants .

  2. Internal Assessment : Loftus and Palmer Study

    The aim of the experiment is to investigate and determine while information after an event, really influences a memory for that present event. Design: The experiment is an independent measures design because it involves us using more than two groups, were each of the participants only ha one condition.

  1. To What Extent Is Memory A Reliable Process?

    Since the preceding study is fundamental to the development of reconstructive memory and hypothesis, some methodical flaws must be addressed. Multiple factors may have influence the distortion and impairment of memory such as environment, mood, alcohol consumption, and other contextual influences.

  2. Is eyewitness testimony reliable?

    Straight after this shooting had taken place, the police asked to interview thirteen individuals who were there at the time of the event and had witnessed it. Five months later these same thirteen individuals were interviewed again. It was found that the recall was still as accurate as it was five months after witnessing the event.

  1. Evaluate the multi store model of memory.

    The working memory focuses on expanding the STM. The idea of a STM store is replaced by a central executive that controls or directs other components.

  2. An experiment to investigate whether word connotation truly does have an effect on memory

    can be defined as when a living being has the capability to recall events prior in his/her life. Schema is defined as a representation of a plan or theory in the form of an outline or model in one?s head (by the English Oxford Dictionary)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work