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The results of Zimbardos experiment shocked the audience and showed significant importance to the new way of thinking about human nature.

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Introduction

Erika P�rn IB07 Zimbardo, Haney, Craig., Banks, Curtis. Stanford Prison experiment 1973 Aim: The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of being assigned to the role of either a prison guard or prisoner. Procedure: The independent variable being the conditions the participants are randomly allocated to (prisoner or guard). The dependent variable is the resulting behaviour. The participants were respondents to a newspaper advertisement, which asked for male volunteers to participate in a psychological study of 'prison life' The 75 respondents completed a questionnaire about their family background, physical and mental health, prior experiences and attitudinal tendencies with respect to psychopathology and any involvement in crime. Based on the results of the tests 24 men were selected. The participants were described as "normal, healthy male college students who were predominantly middle class and white." The 24 participants did not know each other prior to the study. A simulated prison was built in the basement of the psychology building at Stanford University. ...read more.

Middle

However some psychologists believe that he has over emphasized the situational explanation. They state that the behaviour of both prisoners and guards may have initiated from the stereotyped expectations of prisoner and guard-roles. That is, the participants were only role-playing. However, Zimbardo would argue that the participants' experiences were far too real. Applications: Hoped to go on to help the Navy develop training, which would eliminate the deplorable conditions in the prisons. Describe how findings from the study outlined in part a) have been applied The results of Zimbardos experiment shocked the audience and showed significant importance to the new way of thinking about human nature. Since the results showed how that the behaviour of the 'normal' students was affected by the role they had been assigned, to the extent that they seemed to believe in their positions. Giving a new perspective on evil nature. Zimbardo showed that it could be anyone of us behaving in the way that the prison guards did. ...read more.

Conclusion

in fact more interested in using the study to train people in the armed services to cope with the stresses of captivity. Though this example is a mild one at times it may be worse. The findings can be used completely opposite to the 'good' intentions. Research results may be used for the bad of humans against all pragmatic and ethical limits. The clear limit of the application is the misuse of the knowledge. It can never be guaranteed to be refrained from. On the other hand the pubic will now have a deeper comprehension on their own behaviour and on the many baffling conflicts within the modern history. Through the application art there is a advantage since the large public is provided by this information. Through media more people will be aware of the dangers situational factors. It must be made clear that information in the arts is easily manipulated and may give off the wrong message for its audience. Thus being misinterpreted by the audience. Such misuse adds up to the disadvantages of the applications. ...read more.

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