• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

This essay will examine the various arguments that are brought up pro and against the nature and nurture debate.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

FANIEL T. ESTIFANOS (1105733) 09 DECEMBER 2011 NATURE OR NURTURE Pederson, Brian Growing up people will have told that you look like your father or mother, on the other hand you may notice that you have the brown eyes from your mother and you are tall as your father; but what about your knowledge your intelligence and ability? Do you get them from your parents as well or are they innate with you and you are born with your unique ability? This essay will examine the various arguments that are brought up pro and against the nature and nurture debate. Great philosophers like Rene Descartes and John Locke argued that people acquire knowledge from the information our senses provide us with. King Solomon seems to support the nurture assumption when he suggests in the Proverbs 22:6, "Train the child in the way he should go, and when he is old he will not turn from it."People at the beginning start with simple ideas and then they combine them and can turn them into more complex ones. Psychologist J. B. Watson once said "Give me a dozen healthy infants, well-formed, and my own specified world to bring them up in and I'll guarantee to take any one at random and train him to become any type of specialist I might select - doctor, lawyer, artist, merchant-chief and, yes, even beggar-man and thief, regardless of his talents, penchants, tendencies, abilities, vocations, and race of his ancestors. ...read more.

Middle

His father was deputy Kapellmeister to the court orchestra of the Archbishop of Salzburg and taught him music at home. However it can be still argued that even though his big sister was taught music at home equally she never reached her brother's potentials. Is this the effect of inherited genes, innate ability, or is it determined by our environment and upbringing. (http://www.audiblox2000.com/dyslexia_dyslexic/dyslexia014.htm) To do well in school you have to be intelligent or smart. Again, what is meant by intelligence? Intelligence from Latin intellegentia, from and it literally means to "choose between". It can mean different things to different people, and trying to define it; is even trickier. Nonetheless people try to measure it and we are categorised; into people with higher IQ or lower IQ. IQ test where first introduced in France to separate and give special need education to the children who had lower learning capacity. Intelligence is the ability to learn quickly, comprehend and learn from past experiences. J. Piaget defines intelligence as follows: "Intelligence is assimilation to the extent that it incorporates all the given data of experience within its framework ...There can be no doubt either, that mental life is also accommodation to the environment. Assimilation can never be pure because by incorporating new elements into its earlier schemata the intelligence constantly modifies the latter in order to adjust them to new elements." ...read more.

Conclusion

Matthey Syed, the Times columnist and three times Common Wealth table tennis champion, believes that success is a combination of opportunities. Having an environment that encourages you to do well is a big help in shaping your ability and succeed in any field that you are inclined to do. Syed writes in his book that he came to love tennis, because his parents decided to buy him and his brother a tournament specification table. The coach at his school was a tennis fanatic who encouraged him to join a local table club. All these opportunities led him to become a successful tennis player. However practice without talent, doesn't always make you successful or outstanding. (F. Galton 2005) How we are brought up has a big impact on what we will become and achieve later in life. The environment can either bring in to light the natural abilities we have or demolish it. A child who is never praised or encouraged by the parents may turn to other things such as crime, instead of focusing on the education. There are people who are born more able than the rest of us. Some people just have higher abilities and do well in school and life and what they do is impressive despite their upbringing or the obstacles they may find in their life. They will do things that other people can never achieve no matter how much they practice or get educated. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Psychology essays

  1. Testing the effect of different types of music on memory.

    The first reason is because the reader will easily be able to see and analyse the data for themselves if it was in a graph. The second reason is that by using a table, it is simple to compare the data as opposed to a pie graph.

  2. An experiment investigating the effect of background music on students ability to recall a ...

    and once the two minutes you are given to recall the words is up we will notify you. Remember that at any time you can withdraw from the experiment and your answers will not count towards the final results. Does anyone have any questions?

  1. Psychology IB Abnormal Notes and Essay Plans

    Evaluation of Lindstroem: 1. Not easy to find out levels of neurotransmitters accurately- lots of experiments have been done to see If the levels go up or down when something changes, but it doesnât show accurate amount of change 2.

  2. To what extent is positive education in classroom settings successful in enhancing students happiness?

    disease, education, smoking, alcohol consumption, history of cardiovascular disease or hypertension, body mass index, and total cholesterol level. It is important to bear in mind that when longitudinal studies are conducted there are several long time variables, which cannot be controlled.

  1. Using empirical evidence examine the concepts of normality and abnormality

    For instance, some African tribes revere their members who claim to hear voices; in Western society this may well be viewed as a symptom of schizophrenia or other mental abnormality. Social norms vary across history too. For example, homosexuality was seen as abnormal in Britain around 1900 where the well-known Oscar Wilde was imprisoned for homosexuality.

  2. Where does Schizophrenia Lie in the Spectrum of Nature vs Nurture?

    Furthermore, both doctors subdivided schizophrenia into different categories, which include disorganized, catatonic, paranoid, residual, and undifferentiated. They were classified based on ?positive? and ?negative? symptoms. By doing this, it was hoped that they would be able to determine the causes of this mental illness.

  1. TEST ESSAY UPLOAD 1

    Coleman went undercover as a homeless man for 10 days in the streets of Manhattan. During that time, he made eye contact with people who personally knew him; all them just looked right past Coleman without recognition. The only people Coleman attracted was the authorities.

  2. To What Extent Can Music Improve a Child's Intelligence?

    When Rauscher et al (1993) suggested the possible existence of ?The Mozart effect? it captured the public?s attention and lead to the public belief that exposing children to classical music would boost their intelligence. In May 2005, the BBC reported that many US hospitals had started to provide new mothers with classical CDs for their babies (North and Hargreaves, 2008)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work