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International Baccalaureate: Theory of Knowledge

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  1. Tok essay- context is all

    The first method I am going to look at is the correspondence theory2. It insists that truth depends on how the world behaves, not on an assertion made by someone else, or on how one feels it should be. A statement is only true if, and only if, it corresponds to something in reality. This is described well by Thomas Aquinas "A judgment is said to be true when it conforms to the external reality"3. The scientific revolution of the seventeenth century was brought about by thinking in a correspondence mindset4, and it has had many bearing on how we see the world today.

    • Word count: 2326
  2. Doubt is the key to knowledge, explain with reference to two areas of knowledge.

    Does god really exist? If yes, how ? as a thing, or a force, or in an entirely different way? According to Mark Twain, man is the only religious animal. It is religion that differentiates man from wild beasts. Religion is not only about the existence of god, it is claimed to be associated with values, virtues and righteousness also. 84% of the total population of the world (7 billion) is under the sway of religion. Religion is the way to seek God.

    • Word count: 2006
  3. Science gives us a tool to work out whether what we experience is real and what we are told is true.

    From these initial ideas we can deduce the scientific study should not be undertaken lightly and without a great deal of commitment to ones ideas. However, that has not and should not ever stop scientists from embarking on such endeavors. Secondly, how do we determine ?whether what we experience is real?, humans rely upon their senses in order to determine the nature of their experience. Let us suppose that we have all of our senses and that they are fully functional.

    • Word count: 2355
  4. In what ways may disagreement aid the pursuit of knowledge in the natural and human sciences?

    This also encompasses the interpersonal relationships of individuals as members of society. An example of this is economics, the study of how individuals as well as groups choose to employ productive resources (Merriam-Webster). There are different methods to acquire knowledge in the two areas being discussed. Inquiries in the human sciences are different in kind from the inquiries of the natural sciences. The process in the natural sciences is far more concrete. Human sciences are not always as precise as natural sciences. This is because human behavior demands a method extremely sensitive to elements of whim or personal preference.

    • Word count: 2380
  5. That which can be asserted without evidence can be dismissed without evidence. (Christopher Hitchens). Do you agree?

    Believing is a prerequisite for mere assertions to become knowledge and we cannot believe what we cannot logically justify and justifications are founded on sound evidences. However the knowledge issue arising here is whether we dismiss all the assertions that are not supported by evidence. It is quite impossible to find proof for each fact or assertion that we learn. We believe that we can rely on our memories and that memories are usually accurate. However, in the history of litigation there are enough examples of eyewitnesses giving vague and hazy accounts which hamper rather than aid the course of law.

    • Word count: 2100
  6. Tok vocabularies - defining terms like "Truth" and "Belief"

    Or some could believe in themselves and gain courage and power. They could think there is nothing to help them so they will work harder. Beliefs could be small things such as believing your family or your friends. It is enough to change the way you act and live. To know is to have certainty on a piece of information. The certainty is gained by seeing, hearing, experiencing, feeling and more. It is very important that people know things. The reason being is that people?s way of acting could be extremely different depending on what they know.

    • Word count: 2609
  7. This essay will attempt to determine whether a point or argument made to an audience repeatedly, can therefore be believed to be truer.

    and media tie-ins. This relentless reappearance of the slogan, as well as the prominent display of McDonald?s infamous trademark (The Golden Arches), in publications, commercials, and billboards, is one of the finest brainwashing exercises of a sophisticated marketing machine. It creates an implied truth to the unsuspecting customer, an illusion of customer satisfaction. While we have established above that McDonald?s are masters of persuasion of their brand to the urban customer on the move and targeted children with their families, we are yet left wondering where the goodness of the food is.

    • Word count: 2000

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