• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

By taking ideas from philosophers before him such as Locke and Berkeley, Hume is able to argue how our ideas and beliefs come from past experiences rather than from reason.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

"An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding", is a book where Humes attempts to convince the audience through a series of arguments the theory of knowledge. In Part 1-3 of the book, Humes explains the two forms of philosophical thinking and the difference between impressions and ideas. By taking ideas from philosophers before him such as Locke and Berkeley, Humes is able to argue how our ideas and beliefs come from past experiences rather than from reason. In Part 2, Humes explains that most of our ideas and beliefs stem from past experiences not in reason. He believes that if we try to support our ideas through reason, we will never find the answer. ...read more.

Middle

All in all, Humes argues that through nature, one is able to form ideas and beliefs. Like many of the great philosophers before him, Humes did not come up with his arguments all by himself. Although he may have taken some arguments from John Locke and George Berkeley, I respect that Humes not only elaborated on these ideas but also solved some flawed reasoning proposed by the previous philosophers. Both Berkeley and Humes believed that our words stemmed from previous ideas and that people are not talking logically if there are no ideas behind their words. But the main difference that I found between these two philosophers was that Berkeley believed that God has a role in imbuing these ideas into people's minds. ...read more.

Conclusion

This is the classic argument of nature vs. nurture. Both Humes and Locke believed that the mind was a blank slate and that all the knowledge of the world around them was based on what the person could gain from their sensory experience. Humes makes a good argument supporting this idea and I think this is one of the main reasons people accept his view that ideas come from prior knowledge and the sensory experience. Still considered to be one of the influential philosophers of his time, Humes' logic is still used in the world today. As one continues to read through the book, one will notice that Humes continues to build upon his ideas. Because Humes arguments and views are logical and understandable, I believe this is why he made new strides during the Enlightenment. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Theory of Knowledge section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Theory of Knowledge essays

  1. Emotion Vs Reason

    In elaboration to this, reasoning then continues to prove that this statement is in fact true, where the equation is reversed in the manner of (9 � 3 = 3). In this process of reasoning the nature of emotion does not come forward, however might have taken place in the estimation or guesswork of mathematics.

  2. TOK: Religious beliefs

    Religious belief and faith seems to indeed be a problem once they have hijacked one's head. For any basic observation of the world would lead one to understand that we are often unwilling to change our minds. If humanity is to one day destroy itself - in a nuclear war

  1. Where does knowledge come from?

    All of these human sciences are results of the study and experimentation of human behavior over time. One cannot just wake up one day and know all about human behavior. But, over time, one can study and analyze human behavior through careful and precise experimentation and observation.

  2. Tok Chap 1-3

    It is only relatively true that all truth is relative then someone may say "It is not true for me that all truth is relative". What should we believe? * Common sense, uncertainty, relativism cannot give us a quick solution to the problem of knowledge.

  1. How do beliefs about the world...

    A person's code of ethics may be called into question if they choose the wrong path. Morals are based on the ethical guidelines that have been set by society. This plays a massive role in how we pursue knowledge. In the course of history there have been cases where knowledge has been gained by committing crimes against humanity.

  2. Some people say that religious beliefs can be neither justified nor refuted by reason. ...

    are false and many new theorems can be proven'.3 This gives us a reason to think that mathematical claims strongly rely on the mathematician's belief that these rules and theorems are obviously the only correct ones. So faith can be 'a legitimate basis for knowledge claims' both in religion and in other areas of knowledge.

  1. What do you understand by George Orwells comment that Who controls the past controls ...

    During the period when Stalin had power, he was basically a dictator; more like tyrant. He was the one whom industrialized USSR in such short period of time and his pursuit of extremely communism in Russia led in millions being ended up in death.

  2. David Hume God

    However, David Hume argues that it is impossible to deduce that causes can be determined by the effects and miracles are the only type of evidence that can possible support theistic claims. Hume discusses the belief that a miracle cannot be a common event nor is a negative event.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work