• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Discuss the claim that some areas of knowledge are discovered and others are invented.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Tariq Ameer (001369-033) Discuss the claim that some areas of knowledge are discovered and others are invented. To what extent can a person believe that an area of knowledge is discovered or invented? The question allows me to interpret the definition of discovered as a theory that people have realized and learned about through out time and invented as an uncertain theory that has been created by humans from thought and imagination. For years many thinkers have argued about whether various areas of knowledge are discovered or invented. Through my essay I will approve that some areas of knowledge such as mathematics, arts, and ethics are both discovered and invented as they rely and depend on each other. If we define knowledge as a justified true belief, then invented knowledge means knowledge that essentially formulated from one?s self instead of the outside world. John Polkinghorne once said, ?Mathematics is the abstract key which turn the lock of the physical universe.? In my own experiences of at studying the subject I always felt like it is a discovery rather than invention of information, as I only had to prove statements and calculate numbers. However, I believe that my first impression is wrong and that Mathematics does not come under the category of discovered knowledge. ...read more.

Middle

It could be argued that Pythagoras and his students discovered some sort of triangle shape in the real world and then invented the theorem, or invented the theorem and then discovered how it applies to the real world. This shows that invention and discovery of knowledge rely and depend on each other. A fellow classmate argued that mathematics is discovered because you just can?t invent such things as ?1 + 1 = 2? because ?it just is.? Well it is on the contrary, ?1 + 1 = 2? is statement that is invented, because the numbers and symbols used are concepts created in the mind. On the other hand, ?by picking up an orange and then picking up another orange, you will end up with two oranges?, is discovered because it is based on observation and experience rather than pure logic. We cannot observe ?2?, but we can observe objects with ?2? as a property such as a pair of chairs. So unless we are willing to accept Plato?s theory, we have to accept that ?1 + 1 = 2? is an invented knowledge. You could ?invent? a new formal mathematical system in which ?1 + 1 = 5? but unless you discover a way in which the system applies to the world we live in, nobody will accept it as it will be considered useless. ...read more.

Conclusion

The final area of knowledge I shall examine is ethics. Ethics and morals are an area of knowledge that relate to each individual personally. So where do morals and ethics come from? Are you born as a ?good? person? Personally, I have formed my ethical values through my experiences as I grow older. For instance my friends, family members, and the media have all influenced me to act in a certain way that is considered ?correct? in my society. In this example ethics, as an area of knowledge, is discovered by each individual. It can also be argued that ethics is invented. When a person is told to act in a certain way from a young age, that person did not discover ethics by himself. The ethics have been passed on from generation to generation, thus being invented by people to co-operate with each other. If people discovered in themselves the idea of being polite then it could mean that this idea existed in the mind of a higher being. In conclusion, examining the nature of the areas of knowledge has showed that our assumptions about them may be completely false. Whether the area of knowledge is invented, discovered, or both, overtime is can be appreciated and understood. We also have to accept that invention and discovery rely on each other and at times create each other. Word Count: 1284 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Theory of Knowledge section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Theory of Knowledge essays

  1. Is Mathematics Invention or Discovery?

    On the other hand, five hours after 11:00 am is 4:00 pm. Same addition is used in both cases but the answers are not identical. This is due to different number system being applied. Thus different axioms are used to solve the problem.

  2. Discuss the claim that some Areas of Knowledge are discovered and others are invented.

    Fibonacci series starts with: 1, 1, 3,5,8,13,21? (Following the formula; xn = xn-1 + xn-2). Ultimately, I discovered that the corresponding pattern is present from the core of a flower, to the spiral of a sea shell, and even the spiral of a galaxy!

  1. Doubt is the key to knowledge ( Persian Proverb ). To what extent is ...

    Challenging these may lead to infinite regression and a failure to come to a reasonable conclusion. For instance, Euclid?s axiom that one and only one line can be drawn through two given points has been universally accepted and is considered indubitable from time immemorial.

  2. Doubt is the key to knowledge (Persian Proverb). To what extent is this true ...

    Through the scientific enquiry we have known today that leprosy has got nothing to do with the sins of one?s previous life Bur is science beyond the periphery of doubt?

  1. The vocabulary we have does more than communicate our knowledge; it shapes what we ...

    of its literal meaning in the same way that metaphoric language means something different but related to the literal meaning. Both distortions of meaning imply that language shapes how we know, not what we know. Irony and metaphor can convey the same meaning as language that is not ironic or

  2. Imagination is more important than knowledge. Discuss.

    Think of professions that play an essential role in our society, like therapeutics. Without the knowledge acquired over several centuries, our lives would be completely different. However, when I thought about the importance of imagination and the role that it has played in the history of mankind, I could see why Albert Einstein made this statement.

  1. The Possession of Knowledge carries an Ethical Responsibility. Evaluate this claim.

    Atomic theories from Higher Chemistry taught me the process of nuclear fission. Living in a world with a limited supply of natural resources yet a high demand for electricity in particular, development in the natural sciences caused establishment of the knowledge claim, ?nuclear energy was developed by the process of

  2. The vocabulary we have does more than communicate our knowledge; it shapes what we ...

    Thus, what we can know becomes limited by vocabulary. Also, in ethics, simply knowing the words ?good? and ?bad? does not always indicate that people understand the full extent of their meanings. If we learn or come to know the concept of ?right? and ?wrong? only through the vocabulary, our

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work