• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Discuss the strength and weaknesses of using logic as the justification for your knowledge claims

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Discuss the strength and weaknesses of using logic as the justification for your knowledge claims. What does it really mean when one says ?be logical? or ?keep your head on straight?? What makes an argument justifiable? And what are the requirements that justify a knowledge claim? Using logic in order to justify a knowledge claim is definitely an essential aspect but not the only one. Arguments may be perfectly logical and valid but not necessarily true, meaning that not all logical arguments are good reasons and justify what we claim to know. In my opinion, logic is not the only thing that is able to justify a knowledge claim. Although it is a crucial aspect, other ways of knowing are also required when it comes to the justification of knowledge claims. There are many weaknesses to using logic as the justification for knowledge claims because something being logical may not be true and therefore not justify anything claims. However, there are also strengths to using logic as a justification as such that if something is not logical it is very unlikely it will be true. ...read more.

Middle

There are also some weaknesses to using logic and that is why people often use more than one way of knowing in order to justify their knowledge claims. Inductive logic, that is, when something specific helps one reach a general conclusion. It is a very flawed type of logic is often how we build up knowledge but it is very important to use it correctly and have sufficient examples to support the general conclusion. It is very common for us to generalize and that is when inductive reasons become flawed, and people exploit generalizations. It is important to have several examples and experiences in order to draw a general conclusion. For example, in science it is very important to do repeat trials in order to make sure the conclusion follows accordingly. If someone were to draw a general conclusion only by using a specific subject it would be very probable that the conclusion would not be representative of most cases, which would result in the conclusion not being reliable. Then how many cases do people have to look at before they are able to draw general conclusions from them? ...read more.

Conclusion

Some religions may seem very logical for people that believe in them while they may sound absolutely illogical for those who do not. A person that strongly believes in their religion might say that it is enough for them to use faith as a justification of their knowledge claims but in fact this still results in their faith being logical to them. So, even though it might not be logical to other people and they do not share the same faith, logic is still used as the principal justification of the knowledge claim. This is why people have different requirements and different standards for considering what are and what are not good reasons for a knowledge claim. In conclusion, it is essential to use logic to justify knowledge claims but it becomes even more reliable when more ways of knowing are used as well. If something was to be completely logical but logic was their only reason for claiming to know such thing, the argument would become weaker. Where as, if something is logical and is backed by sensory perception or faith, it is more likely to be a stronger argument. While logic is a very strong justification for claiming to know something it may not be strong enough. The question is, are there ever enough justifiable reasons to absolutely know something? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Theory of Knowledge section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Theory of Knowledge essays

  1. Analyze the strengths and weaknesses of using faith as a basis of knowledge in ...

    This corrupts one's perception of ethics because using "magick" with no ethical principle is not morally right and acceptable. Using "magick" with a set of standard, ethical principles is much different than practicing the faith without ethical principles. Without ethical principles, practitioners of Wicca are allowed to sacrifice their children

  2. Justification, what distinguishes a good justification from a bad one?

    that you know something you must be able to justify it, and not every justification is acceptable. What really distinguishes a good and acceptable justification from a bad one is mainly reliability. For the justification to be accepted, the source has to be constantly good in quality and performance and dependable that it gains the people?s trust.

  1. Analyze the strengths and weaknesses of faith as a basis for knowledge in religion ...

    well as kill pigs and cows for meat to be sent to the industries. Because he was only exposed to one single belief, Joy never questioned his surroundings. As he grew older however, he opened himself to the different ideas people presented about animal cruelty and the science behind the emotion of animals.

  2. Analyse the strengths and weaknesses of using faith as a basis for knowledge in ...

    In this sense, we can say that experience just is. It cannot be proved or disproved. It can go to more and more profound levels of conviction, but it is generally only we ourselves who can testify to it.? Belief gives rise to a persistent point of view and tendency toward a matter, which could be incorrect.

  1. Imagination is more important than knowledge. Discuss.

    We would also lose our ability to adjust to the word around us. For example, we would not be able to think of any solutions to global warming and other problems caused by our exploitation of the earth, finally using up our resources and leading to extinction!

  2. The Need for Evidence to Support Claims

    This idea is solely based on the fact that other people find it too unstable to simply change their ideas. If there is no burden of proof or basis of argument, then what else is there to anchor the idea in place?

  1. Theory of Knowledge Essay -Discuss how using different methods of justification enables one to ...

    When I thought of it in a deeper sense and tried to define logic when it comes to both subjects I did not get the same definition. To me logic in mathematics means that because there is a "logical proof" that derived that theory or mathematical formula hence that formula was justified using logic.

  2. Evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of reason as a way of knowing

    Through the area of knowledge of Religion, this individual believes that the Son of God would not lie but the question still remains relatively unanswered, as the individual had just simply assumed the very thing they were supposed to have proven.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work