• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Discuss the strengths and limitations of perception, language and reason as ways of knowing.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Discuss the strengths and limitations of perception, language and reason as ways of knowing. Knowledge is also said as 'ways of knowing'. It means 'information and skills acquired through experience and education'. The acquisition of knowledge is done by three main factors; perception, language and reason. In this essay we sought to see the strengths and limitations of those learning approaches. Let's take an example, how do we know that in a bottle, labeled crystal, there is water? We would use this example to explore the three cases. Perception is the way of taking messages and processing it by the brain to obtain meaningful information. Using the example above, we would do anything possible to conclude that what we are consuming from the bottle is water. That is we would observe, smell, taste, etc. We can see that we use our senses to identify the substance. We would observe the bottle, its labeling (name, ingredients etc.), colour of the substance and advertisement on the substance; we would smell the substance and even taste it (this would be last because we fear it might be harmful). ...read more.

Middle

We may also have hallucination, we may feel, see, hear, taste and smell something when there is really nothing of such kind. We also tend to conclude on the very first bit of information received as we have been in such situation before (experience). Language is a method of communication which involves a sender, a message and a receiver to express thoughts. It was developed by humans and when using it, the rules were grammar and the symbols were words. The advantage of this method of learning is that it's very simple (user-friendly) to use and every person in the world uses it. So communication is easy, thus enriching the ability to acquire knowledge. The greatest advantage is that there are many ways to communicate the thought, therefore enabling people to understand in a way or other. Using the example above, we can give important information, express what we feel and enquire about the substance in the bottle and also in different ways so that all the people involved can understand. ...read more.

Conclusion

The rationality of a statement shows how the processing of all the information acquired is done and says whether it's "good" or not (there is really a bad reason as long as a person can justify it). Being logical depends on the argument put forward as example given above. To be logical, the deductive argument must be correct and validate the argument; this differentiates between a "good" reasoning and "bad" reasoning, using above example, 1) all liquid that is pH 7 is water and the substance in the bottle is of pH 7, thus the substance in the bottle is water (this a valid deductive argument) . But sometime the arguments may be valid but does not sound, all substances that are colourless are harmless and the substance in the bottle is colourless, therefore it's harmless (concentrated hydrochloric acid is also colourless but is very harmful). To conclude knowledge gained through perception, language and reason is a great advantage to us, human beings but often can be deceptive and invalid. We should be more careful when taking in information, processing, expressing and justifying it. Here again we see that they are all linked! ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Theory of Knowledge section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Theory of Knowledge essays

  1. Evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of reason as a way of knowing.

    see before us, our emotions are more effective in processing our perceptions of artworks and crafting thoughts and responses with regards to se artworks. It is because art is so subjective that our emotions are allowed to help us form knowledge on our own which we can consider true.

  2. strength and limitations of quantitative and qualitative data

    found that the curve showed that the people who did not prefer skittles had higher math grades, or vice versa. But after we increased our pool of survey participants, we came to the understanding that there was really no correlation between people's preference to skittles and how high

  1. Evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of reason as a way of knowing

    may never be proven that all animals with wings can fly because we won't be able to observe all animals with wings fly at the same time and without knowing further data we will never know an exact result even though we give all of our knowledge in reasoning it.

  2. "All other Ways of Knowing are controlled by language."

    If language truly "controlled" perception we would expect the infant not to perceive the difference between one person and the next because he or she clearly hasn't yet developed the language to express that difference. While my experience with infants suggests that perception can clearly exist without language, it's also true that language aids perception in many ways.

  1. TOK. In this essay I will use two ways of knowing to discuss the ...

    It was calculated that over two thousand people crossed him while he played, most of them on their way to work. Most of the people just walked by lost in their own thoughts. Some hurried by as they were late for work.

  2. Evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of reason as a way of knowing.

    true as there is no proof that this was not the case. Some other weaknesses of reason as a way of knowing would be hasty generalizations in which people assume things without proper knowledge and data. Ad hominem would be when you do not judge the argument but instead you end up attacking or supporting the person.

  1. Evaluate the Strengths and Weaknesses of Reason as a Way of Knowing.

    We could begin with a statement like "The First World War began in 1914." That is a statement because it is a fact that has no room for argument. Then I can interpret the statement and say "The First World War began in 1914 because that was the year Archduke Ferdinand was assassinated."

  2. The Usefulness and Limitations of Reasoning in Maths.

    The other area of reasoning which is deductive reasoning, distinguishes itself from inductive reasoning because it is based on premises that make the conclusion to be true, in all cases. As appose to inductive reasoning. An example of deductive reasoning: 1.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work