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Discuss the strengths and limitations of quantitative and qualitative data in supporting knowledge claims in the human sciences.

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Introduction

T.O.K human sciences essay. Human sciences (such as psychology, economics, anthropology, sociology, etc.) attempt to understand human behavior and learn more about human nature but our behaviors are often unpredictable and difficult to interpret due to our language, reason, and creativity. So how can we expect to apply scientific principles to discover more about human actions? Also how accurate can we say our conclusions are which we make based upon the data we collect? To endeavor into the understanding of the human mind we must ask these questions which relate to our understanding of the degree at which quantitative and qualitative data can be deemed reliable. Quantitative data is defined as data which is expressed in a numerical form and traditionally this data has been considered more trust worthy because it seems to supply us with hard facts and values which we are easily able to interpret. ...read more.

Middle

Therefore we are able to place expectations using the quantitative data recorded from experiments. If these assumptions that have been made in Economics become proved to be incorrect or not entirely correct to all situations limits and conditions are placed upon these rules and theories such as; that the consumer has full and complete knowledge of the market. Qualitative data is defined as data that is expressed not in numerical terms such as; how safe one feels in their home. In the traditional sense this type of data is not as trusted as quantitative data because of it's seemingly lack of clarity upon a subject. However this data does have it's uses within the human sciences, if it is considered in psychology a reaction to a certain circumstance can be recorded and then interpreted to find the reason behind this reaction e.g. ...read more.

Conclusion

In conclusion both of these types are to an extent useful to the human science. Quantitative data can allow us to foresee the reactions people with conditioned theorems and equations but is limited because the nature of the human sciences doesn't normally allow for this type of data to be recorded. Qualitative data is traditionally less reliable as it seems to be unclear or precise. However within the human sciences qualitative data is able to be interpreted so as to predict the majority of reactions that will take place when humans are placed within a situation. Finally the relevance of these two types of information is solely based upon the ability of the human society to be unique. By Daniel Sanchez. ...read more.

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