• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Emotions and reason. In this account, we will research what the different schools of thought, from the Hellenist philosophers up to the most famous modern philosophers of the 20th century, think about reason and emotions

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Today we will talk about an issue that has been treated during centuries by some of the greatest philosophers. In this account, we will research what the different schools of thought, from the Hellenist philosophers up to the most famous modern philosophers of the 20th century, think about reason and emotions. More specifically, we want to know whether we (as an individual as well as a society) would be better off if we based our knowledge solely on reason, ignoring our emotions. Socrates, founder of Western philosophy, believed that a man was capable of arriving at truth through the use of reason. He said that through reason, a man would be able to attain happiness, the highest good for any human being. Another philosophical trend was Stoicism. Stoics believed that men shouldn't let emotions drift them because everything is going to happen anyway. They believed that we are pre-destined, that one is not the owner of its own destiny. Rationalism is one of the most important schools of thought in modern philosophy. This new school of though was "founded" at the end of the 17th century, during the century of enlightenment. ...read more.

Middle

Romanticists criticize reason because according to then it falsifies reality. The base of romanticist philosophy is that the best way to perceive reality is through intuitions and subjective feelings. Some of the most important Romanticist philosophers are Rousseau, Hegel and more. Now we will look at Antonio Damasio's theory. Antonio Damasio is a Portuguese neuroscientist. He is widely known for his contribution to a new theory on emotions and reason contradicting Descartes' rationalism. He set up an experiment with damaged frontal lobe (area in the brain that chooses between good and bad) patients. He concluded that we need emotions to behave rationally as his emotionally flat patients were completely unable of taking decisions to the point where some of them were unable to choose between meat or fish for lunch. He also concluded that reason and emotion are two complementary systems in the human brain that are responsible for decision making. He therefore stated that one is unable to make decisions and distinguish right or wrong without the control of one of these "systems". With this, he ran against all 20th century philosophical thoughts on emotions and reason. ...read more.

Conclusion

That means that emotions can make you take bad decisions, decisions that can harm you mentally and physically. However, I do not see myself without my emotions. Emotions give you all the beauties of life as well as all the disgraces of life. Without emotions we would be completely neutral. An example where reason wins over emotion is in arranged marriage. Centuries ago, the higher class would arrange marriage for their sons and daughters because their reason told them that by marrying duke X they would gain land X and palace Y. The emotions of their daughters and sons would be ignored making them sad people because they weren't allowed to marry someone for love. An example where emotions win over reason is gender abuse. Woman X is abused by her partner, man X. She is completely in love with man X, therefore, she doesn't report to the police him until one day during his routine beatings he murders her. This is a prime example where emotions are represented as a much stronger force than reason. If woman X had used her reason she would have called the police. However, her emotions prevented her from taking the rational decision. * ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Theory of Knowledge section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Theory of Knowledge essays

  1. By taking ideas from philosophers before him such as Locke and Berkeley, Hume is ...

    On the other hand, Humes believed in the idea of prior experiences and the senses. I agree with Humes argument that idea/beliefs come form prior experiences. To believe in a God is in and of it self a contradiction because believing in a God that is righteous and holy is

  2. Vemos las cosas tal y como son, o tal y como somos

    a trav�s de la realizaci�n de experimentos que, seg�n establece esta teor�a, deber�an llevar a los resultados que se esperan en esta, de forma que sea comprobada o refutada por dichos resultados.

  1. Theory of Knowledge - Emotions

    However, it is the way that the beauty in art is judged which distinguishes a piece of art from the others.

  2. It is All in the Reason

    Over the years he tracked every aspect of his subjects' lives, and everyone expected that the "Termites", as they were called, would someday constitute the elite of American society. Terman's process was reasonable in various ways. By hypothesizing that one's IQ was the largest contributing factor to success, he gathered a large, varied sample of individuals who matched that requirement.

  1. Reason and emotions in justifying moral decision

    It is used to ascribe properties or relations to types based on an observation instance; or to formulate laws based on limited observations of recurring phenomenal patterns. One example is such that a man goes to a lake and saw only white swans there.

  2. Knowledge and Emotions

    The claim, 'There is no knowledge without emotion," can be questioned because it is so conclusive and leaves no room for possibilities, thus increasing its chances of being invalid. This generalization can be countered by the fact there can be knowledge without emotion in many cases such as in two particular Areas of Knowledge - Mathematics and Human Sciences.

  1. Defining and Analyzing Mixed Method Johnson and Christensen (2007) describe mixed research as the ...

    They strive to use large, representative sample from which generalization can be made regarding population parameters. They favor such as questionnaires, attitude scales, and achievements) that have questions with choices, which can be easily administered to large sample. In contrast, qualitative researchers emphasize the collection of in-depth information obtained from small samples without regard to a population.

  2. Hebraism and Hellenism by Matthew Arnold. Applying Arnold's analysis to modern day America.

    This story shows how Hebraic the Bible because the Way of Hebraism ?is conduct and obedience? (5,1,4). God demands perfect obedience from everyone or they will be punished. He is the same as my soccer coach Joe. If we didn?t play well then we would run.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work