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Ethical judgments limit the methods available in the production of knowledge in both the arts and the natural sciences. Discuss.

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Introduction

1. Ethical judgments limit the methods available in the production of knowledge in both the arts and the natural sciences. Discuss. Moral judgments restrict the tools available in the creation of knowledge in both the arts and natural sciences. As ethical procedures are a variable element, the two areas explored under this concept tend to overlap in some ways. Ethical judgments can be termed as ?the moral principles governing or influencing conduct?[1], leading up to a broader question that is ?What falls under this category of morally correct?? and to what extent can we allow ethics to govern knowledge production? To a certain extent ethical judgments can be considered to be ambiguous and compartmentalizing every situation as right or wrong becomes impractical after a point. For every person, their culture and society defines this particular term differently; the influencing factor continues to be perception that is instrumental in the transformation of a moral judgment into an ethical dilemma conflicting between one?s emotions and reasoning abilities. Is judgment as a whole ethical? The very definition for ethics varies between different cultures and communities; this question in essence restricts man?s ability to explore the realms of knowledge. Do ethics help in the functioning of society or merely place boundaries on the inquisitive human mind? ...read more.

Middle

When it comes to areas like Visual Arts the ethical judgments valid in biology or chemistry are not valid in this case, a real life example was an ongoing campaign run by PETA to support animals that are tortured and skinned alive for their fur by having celebrities pose in the nude. These campaigns have come as a shock to a larger part of the society especially in conservative countries like India. Could this be restricting the expression of Art through the medium of photography? When we look at the bigger picture is it that one individual?s exposed body that comes to be the point of focus or the statement the artist intended to make? Understanding the picture on a deeper level provides insight into the artist?s mind, for some this image is merely a means of entertainment but the people that do understand the notion behind it have more of an impact. Knowledge on these cases is getting expanded and conveyed to that part of the population, this is considered ethically wrong so the fact that some part of the people did gain something from this and it would benefit the environment and society as a whole does not hold any value? ...read more.

Conclusion

Ultimately human beings create these terms and with every person that applies this ethical code to his/her situation the personal boundaries change, once again leaving it back to the ambiguity that it started with before. Peter Singer states that ?the basic principle of equality does not require equal or identical treatment; it requires equal consideration.?[5] As variable as the interpretation of ethical judgments may be there is still a basis on which we evaluate our choices, segregate them from right and wrong, categorize them into black and white. When Art is studied in depth the ethical aspect of it never comes to mind initially, all great artists have a different mindset, each artist may have completely contrasting views on many aspects. The term ?tortured artist? has been used end number of times where there is this predefined list of expectations and pressure for being that much superior. This comes from experience and struggle, forms of Art like music and literature convey the individual?s innermost emotions and those with over complicated lives or restrictions by the society help in the enhancement of their work, ethical judgments act as a positive here. So when an artist or poet or writer is judged by the society or limited by what may be considered morally wrong it only makes the work that much stronger. ...read more.

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