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Evaluate the role of intuition in different areas of knowledge

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Introduction

´╗┐Laurence Williams TOK TOK Essay: Evaluate the role of intuition in different areas of knowledge. The role of intuition differs in different areas of knowledge: Natural Sciences and Ethics. The word role defines the significance and importance of intuition in these areas of knowledge. Intuition is the ability to understand something immediately, without the need for conscious reasoning - this can clearly be seen in the listed areas of knowledge. For example in natural science the role of intuition is to serve as a basis for innovations, whilst for Ethics it is used to make moral judgements. It is important to note that through intuition certain knowledge is gained; however because no conscious reasoning takes place this knowledge is not completely understood resulting in fallacies. Therefore, the two knowledge issues I?ll be looking at are: ?To what extent are our intuitions accurate?? and ?How far should we depend on our intuitions?? and they will be covering Science and Ethics respectively. The varying role of intuition in different areas of knowledge shows that our perception of what is accurate or inaccurate or moral or immoral is skewed. ...read more.

Middle

However, on the other hand, some argue that these ?hunches? aren?t due to precognition and presentiment, but because of experience. For example, when I do a mathematics problem I am able to solve it intuitively because I have done the same rational thought process before - hence a result of experience. Therefore, by linking back to the knowledge issue - ?To what extent are our intuitions accurate ?- we can see that ?hunches? are not mere coincidences (as the accuracy rate of the experiments are well above the probability of chance) and that the accuracy of the results are dependent on both experience and our brain?s precognition and presentment. Intuition is used every day to make moral judgements- this falls under the area of knowledge Ethics and this differs from Natural Science as the moral issue that will be looked is: ?How far should we depend on our intuitions to make moral judgements?? When we are asked the simple question: ?Would you sacrifice one life to save five?? we intuitively and instinctively take the Kant?s Utilitarian approach (i.e. ...read more.

Conclusion

What if those five people who you were to save were mass murderers? Because of our intuition we would choose to save the five people no matter what and this would result in skewed moral judgements. Therefore, being too dependent on intuitions can lead to inaccuracies and misjudgements as they are biased in some ways. In conclusion, intuition plays different roles in the two areas of knowledge Natural Science and Ethics, innovation and moral judgements respectively. I believe that intuition plays a very important role in these areas of knowledge and everyday life because intuition is an essential part of survival. From the Natural Science analysis my view is that ?hunches? are not just coincidences but they have scientific explanation behind it; however people fail to see this and this shows that our perception is restricting human growth. Ethics has the opposite issue, as people too blatantly rely on intuition to make moral judgements when they don?t realise that their view is skewed by biasness. Therefore I believe that a compromise should be found to optimise the role of intuition in all areas of knowledge and all aspects of human life. ...read more.

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