• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Evaluate the strengths and weakness of Reason as a way of knowing?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Evaluate the strengths and weakness of Reason as a way of knowing? What is reason? The dictionary says, a statement presented in justification or explanation of a belief or action. I say, reason can be used to uncover truth and validity so we do not make incorrect generalizations or false accusations. And people say a statement that has a proper logical explanation to justify something. Different people would have different opinion. But one thing would be common that is we rely on the logic of Math and Sciences to provide our reasoning, which requires proof and solidification of position in order to make a valid point. Whereas in the past reasoning was influenced by the Church, through Religion and Faith. So we can say that reason is influenced. In maths whenever we are taught any new concept the first thing we ask after hearing that is how can we be so sure about that. ...read more.

Middle

And we conclude it's the correct thing. But just because it's the most reasonable way doesn't mean that it's always right. For example, the popular violent genre game GTA IV, scientist suggest that violent games like GTA IV affect a child brain, so we believe it, but many living example defeat this fact that games affect teenagers. The finding has a proper logical explanation but still it's not right. The good thing about reason is that it has provides answer to every question. Some answers are vague but still they help in satisfying the curiosity of knowing. For example, people ask questions about God, does he exist. And the answer is yes he is everywhere. But this has no logic behind it but still people believe it because this answer does not have a logical explanation instead the answer is influenced by emotions and religious beliefs. So we can say that for reason to be true a proper logical explanation is needed otherwise there is no point. ...read more.

Conclusion

So inductive reasoning is only useful for forming ideas about groups of things in real life and not provide proof. Deductive reasoning is the process by which a person makes conclusions based on previously known facts. For example, all eleven graders are clever. Sam's dog is in class 11. According to deductive reasoning Sam's dog is clever but in reality anything like this cannot be deduced. So deductive reasoning depends on the premises it is built on. Both of reasoning are useful in some way or the other. Inductive provides us a hypothesis so that we can further continue with the observations and deductive allows us in forming conclusion. But neither of them works in real life. Reason can lead to knowledge, and it leads to certainty at that, but it only provide how you know it. After knowing it you cannot do anything about it. This were all the other ways of knowing come in, language helps in communicating the knowledge, perception helps in assuming, emotions encourages us to share. Reason alone only justifies but when combined other with other modes-of-knowing, it becomes very powerful. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Theory of Knowledge section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Theory of Knowledge essays

  1. Evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of reason as a way of knowing.

    living things are sacred" would disagree with the conclusion that "animal experimentation is wrong" and consider it unreasonable. Thus, one's own emotions and biases towards any given subject affect the formation of valid conclusions in ethics and we cannot solely rely on reason alone, as it might not produce certain conclusions.

  2. Evaluate the ways in which emotions might enhance and/or undermine reasoning as a way ...

    VI Emotions are actually closely linked with reason. It is hard sometimes to clearly distinguish between the two. The thoughts that people have are mostly a mixture of reason and emotion. Therefore, some emotions can be rational to a certain extent.

  1. Some people say that religious beliefs can be neither justified nor refuted by reason. ...

    The confidence and firm persuasion in Jesus' life and deeds are the major premise for all knowledge claims since the Lord says, 'I am the way, the truth, and the life.'6 Not all religions, however, base their doctrines on some unquestionable faith in God.

  2. Evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of reason as a way of knowing.

    true as there is no proof that this was not the case. Some other weaknesses of reason as a way of knowing would be hasty generalizations in which people assume things without proper knowledge and data. Ad hominem would be when you do not judge the argument but instead you end up attacking or supporting the person.

  1. In what way does the problem of evil lead to atheism?

    writes in the 'Evil and the God of Love' that "natural evil is the evil that originates independently of human actions, in disease... in earthquakes, storms, droughts and tornadoes".6 Moral Evil arises as the result of human actions that are morally wrong, such as murder, war and cruelty.

  2. Evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of reason as a way of knowing. ...

    ?His experience is simple: a person needs to choose the most pleasing rectangle among ten rectangles that are placed in front of him, and all have different ratios of length to width. The result shows that 76% of all choices are the three rectangles having ratio of 1.75, 1.62, and

  1. Evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of reason as a way of knowing

    However, to be sure that the conclusion of an argument is true, the following statements must be correct in order to ?preserve? the truth ? ?Are the premises true?? and ?Is the argument valid?? Even if these statements prove to be true, deductive reasoning still relies on inductive reasoning to

  2. Is it possible to justify the different ways of knowing?

    In most cases, reasoning starts with premises that are true. Therefore, the arguments are valid and conclusions are often true (Alchin 76). Additionally, when one receives data or information in the different areas of knowledge, the brain processes them and seeks to find linkages between sets of data.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work