• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of reason as a way of knowing.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Theory Of Knowledge Topic 3: Evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of reason as a way of knowing. Name:Ayush Rungta Vishwashanti Gurukul IBDP session: 2009 Candidate Session Number: 002767-031 Candidate Code: csv758 Word Count: 1274 Topic 3: Evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of reason as a way of knowing. "Reason is a way of thinking characterized by logic. It is the ability to think, understand and draw conclusions. It is often contrasted with emotionalism, which is thinking driven by desire, passion, or prejudice."[1] Reasoning is very important in our daily life. Every time we do something there is a reason behind it. Reasoning is a way of knowing, which will bring about a logical conclusion to what we are doing. Whether what we are doing is right or wrong. For example: A casual smoker can reason whether smoking is good for him or not by reasoning out. As he knows that smoking will affect his health and he will ruin his life. There is no gain in smoking but he is wasting his time and money which is not worth it. He is risking his life for few minutes of pleasure. So he can clearly see that what he is doing is wrong. ...read more.

Middle

No matter how many times his parents warn him. He will only understand what it means when he is injured by that sharp knife. He will go through the pain and bleeding. That is a child's experience and knowledge about this object. He will be careful in the future. He will learn as he grows up. His parents warned him because they had knowledge about the sharpness of knife and how injurious it can be. They have also learnt it the same way. So the next time we do something we will try reasoning it. In science and mathematics we reason with facts and proved theorems. It acts as backbone for us to deal with experiments and solving. Scientist does research with reason that they can discover or invent new facts. Newton's Third Law stated that "Every action has equal and opposite reaction" [2] this was derived by many experiments. A very simple example to support this law is in sports. Cricket, when the ball is coming towards the batsman it is hit by the bat and the ball goes in the opposite direction with a greater speed due to the force applied by the bat. This is how they reason out. ...read more.

Conclusion

[3] http://derrel.net/math/euclid/euclid.htm More than reason, emotions and feelings play a greater role in a language as a way of knowing. It is more important to explore the feelings of the characters so that the readers can relate it to their life, rather than reason it with wit and ethics. For Example: In Doll's house Nora has an attitude towards spending more money than the total income. Here she has attitude of living life in a luxurious way. So to understand her character, language and emotions play imperative role in knowing them. Another area of knowledge where reason proves to be subjective and personal is art. An artist makes more use of the artistic sense/skill within him to produce his painting. Creativity and his own concepts are portrayed in an artist's work, and consequently reasoning is personal based on his own ideas and conventions of art. Here people have different perception about the different art. Perception greatly varies from one people to another people. Reason is an indispensible part of a judgment for decision making but it can be subjective and not necessarily identical to another person's point of view. Reasoning depends on the premises of logic if premises are right my conclusion through reasoning will be correct and if the premises are weak my interpretation will be wrong. Reasoning is best when it is supported by fact and information and analyzed systematically without bias and prejudice. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Theory of Knowledge section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Theory of Knowledge essays

  1. To what extent do you think reason is an objective, reliable way of knowing? ...

    My generalization of all girls being emotional was eventually falsified when I met one that was quite the opposite. Therefore, this proves that inductive reasoning may not be a reliable or objective way of knowing because of what I call the 'confined conclusion'.

  2. Emotion Vs Reason

    consider the bias and emotion as knowledge, and thus determine it as a fact. It is by this nature that we not only able to extend our thoughts on this matter, however by doing so we also draw light to the flaws within history itself, or more specifically, its dictators.

  1. Evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of reason as a way of knowing.

    Since the foundation of ethical arguments is the premises formed based on principles, reason can be used to use logical evidence in the premises to rebuke or accept ethical beliefs. In contrary, British empiricist David Hume argues that "reason is wholly inactive, and can never be the source of so active a principle as conscience, or a sense of morals".

  2. TOK summer assignment - Art Questions. Experiencing art, artists reputations and "what is ...

    The 137 firebricks placed on the edge of the wall on the floor in a single line is a piece that is truly bewildering to me, and for the same reason, alluring. After researching more on the piece and the artist, I found that the artist's style of work is mainly composed of such styles.

  1. Evaluate the ways in which emotions might enhance and/or undermine reasoning as a way ...

    of reality or has a misunderstanding over an event, like the wallet example above. VII Although the paragraph above states that some emotions are indeed rational, others are not. When experiencing strong emotions like fear, one can change beliefs to what fear tells one to fear, and one then uses irrational reasoning.

  2. In what way does the problem of evil lead to atheism?

    the atheist should share it".12 Evil is also a philosophical problem because it requires the believer to accept conflicting claims. J L Mackie discussed in his paper the Evil and Omnipotence (1955) that the three propositions comprising the problem of evil form an inconsistent triad.13 However, believers in the God

  1. Discuss the Role of Language and Reason in History

    This means that history is very important as it shapes the way we view the present. Also history is constantly changing as new information is revealed day after day which alters what people previously thought about a particular incident. Because of this history is a very subjective discipline as it

  2. Evaluating Scientific Method as a Way of Knowing

    Islands, he did not use any kind of scientific method of hypothesis or experiments. It was purely observation that led to the groundbreaking theory of evolution (reference). If we try to investigate this theory using the scientific method it is seen that it is not possible to have a fixed

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work