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Evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of reason as a way of knowing.

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Introduction

"Evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of reason as a way of knowing." Reason is a very important way of knowing that involves different elements. In general reasoning is central to much of human intellectual activity, collective proof by which people try to construct meaning together by exchanging, modifying and improving their ideas and opinions.1 The main situation we use reasoning is when we make a claim to know - it is obvious to ask for reasons and to expect that these will be cohesive, arguments require it. Nowadays we can see reason present in everyday decision making, dealing with problems and difficult situations and problem solving as it is in mathematics, sciences and other areas of knowledge. Increasingly logical thinking in our live is required and helpful (because is reliable) and make us sure for our right because of supporting on next elements which occurred in out reasoning process. In consider that in different degrees and different ways we can see that reason has its place in many, if think that even all, areas of knowledge. As young people we often face need of reasoning in the everyday experience of individuals and the groups to which we belong. ...read more.

Middle

Reason is checked by rules of logic and internal consistency. This makes more sure our discriminating between valid and invalid arguments. Theories in sciences, math, etc. are created long years, supported gradually and creating enormous set of truths which whole "world" is working on. The society find because of it good and bad reasons, understand more or less persuasive reasoning. It also very important for finding position in live by individual knower. It is the next major pros if knowers remember that reasoning can be used by society towards them e.g. in public advertising campaigns aimed at persuading us to donate money for good causes (for example, humanitarian relief, children's funds)? Our logical thinking can the best prevent us from being tricked. Andr� Gide's view - "L'illogisme irrite. Trop de logique ennuie. La vie �chappe � la logique, et tout ce que la seule logique construit reste artificiel et contraint. Donc est un mot que doit ignorer le po�te, et qui n'existe que dans l'esprit." [Lack of logic annoys. Too much logic is boring. Life escapes logic, and everything built on logic alone is artificial and limited. Therefore is a word that the poet must ignore, that exists only in the mind.]4. ...read more.

Conclusion

Take computers for example that run on reason, they can accomplish more that humans can using their reasoning. In spite of the fact computers also are not the big part of knowledge. Reason gives us really not many as we are considering the whole area of exploring the knowledge. It is important fact to evaluate advantages and disadvantages of ways of knowing. They take up big part of our lives. They are our way of learning about world and gradually everything we can. Every of them is dependent on the another and tightly connected. Reason is one of the most important way of considering phenomena occurring around, truths running the world, it is very reliable way of knowing but we can think about it as if it was a basis for ideal knowledge (people sometimes state so because they connected reason with sciences and math - high - minded sciences). We have to be aware of disadvantages of reason, because it makes us critical during receiving information and stating something. Awareness of necessarily of connecting ways of knowledge causes that e are more open to world and willing to expand our knowledge. 1) http://xmltwo.ibo.org/dp2006-03/dp_x_tokxx_guu_0603_1_e/8 2) http://www.nationmaster.com/encyclopedia/Faith 3) http://www.iep.utm.edu/f/faith-re.htm 4) http://www. ...read more.

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