• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

For it is in the long run that, somehow, Truth may Survive-through the Decay of Untruth

Extracts from this document...


Sriharsha Kota Mr. Hurdle IB TOK 19 May 2007 "For it is in the long run that, somehow, truth may survive-through the decay of untruth." This quote, said by John Lukacs, invokes deep thought when considering the advancement of human knowledge. Lukacs is a well-known historian of Hungarian descent. While he may have directed his statement towards history, it is also applicable to certain other areas of knowledge. We can look at knowledge as a fortification, a wall if you will. Truth is what makes it up, the blocks that build it and keep it intact. When you look closer, however, cracks and holes can be seen and so these may be the untruth that makes knowledge far from perfect. The idea that actual truth can exist after untruth has been destroyed affirms the thought that we can know what is true if we know what is not true. This brings up the topic of pragmatism: what cannot be proven wrong, or what works without failure in any applied circumstance must be true. Once this is considered, we know that this statement holds true for certain areas of knowledge more than others. First off, what is truth? ...read more.


The original theory must be changed or even thrown out when new data is found, thus weeding out all untruth and preserving the truth. In my life, I have experienced how scientific principles change over time. When I was young, Pluto was regarded as a planet. Now, it is considered just an asteroid. Is this the truth? Or do we think it is the truth? In mathematics, the theories and laws that it presents are rarely challenged. Everything is what it is in mathematics and thus it is generally not doubted. This is why it is an integral part of the sciences. It holds true in many situations, ranging from astronomy and quantum mechanics to physics and chemistry. Some calculations that can be made using mathematics include finding out how fast our universe is expanding, computation of the electrical potential of a human heart, and measuring the decay of a radioactive element. It is obvious that much truth and knowledge is found within mathematics and no matter how long the "long run" lasts, humans will find mathematics to be a source of truth. In my own experience, I have noticed that knowledge of mathematics builds off of itself. ...read more.


Although it does seem that the ethics of a society change rapidly over time, several principles are the same within many cultures around the world. These principles generally tell an individual not to murder, rape, or steal. Perhaps modern ethics does represent actual progress, since more educated people are able to voice their opinions. However, does this necessarily imply that it is better for the human race, or do people now have the power to think for themselves and do what they want? Essentially, you cannot replace untruth with truth if you do not know what the meaning of truth is in the first place. The reason that I did not discuss the arts is that there is just no standard to compare them. How do you define truth and untruth in the arts? I am pretty sure that Michelangelo is different from van Gogh who are both different from DaVinci. Which artist has more truth in his work? How do we know? Under what standard can we determine that? These same questions apply to music, architecture, and literature. We all gain experience and insight from our daily experiences, but truth can be very elusive. Each area of knowledge requires its own interpretation and explanation of Lukacs' statement. We can say that it is basic human nature to build, destroy, and remake what we know as knowledge. ?? ?? ?? ?? Kota 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Theory of Knowledge section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Theory of Knowledge essays

  1. To what extent is truth different in mathematics, the arts, and ethics?

    Because of this uncertainty, one can say that mathematics is not 'absolute'. I believe that mathematics is 'absolute' because I've learned mathematics in class, and have succeeded in obtaining an 'absolute' truth for various equations. Because I've done a large amount of mathematics from a certified mathematics teacher, my view

  2. To what extent is truth different in mathematics, the arts and ethics?

    But, one manipulates these facts by using bits and pieces of them to provide support for a claim.

  1. Art is a lie that brings us nearer to the truth. (Pablo Picasso) Discuss.

    In fact, a psychologist, named Judith Langlois of the university of Texas, has shown that even infants share a sense of what's attractive. He also said that the "kids that don't read Vogue or watch TV, and they haven't been touched by the media.

  2. Truth.People think that truth is relative because they could look at others points of ...

    These two solutions can be brought differently, by using the quadratic formula, (-b � b� - 4ac) / 2a, or by factoring, (x - 6)(x - 8) = 0, etc... In mathematics, truth is the result and it is always precise, accurate and straightforward.

  1. Difference of Truth and knowldge

    the amount of money the experiment will cost, what the government wants, what the public wants and more. A scientist can say, "I am certain that eating chocolate will reduce the chance of heart disease." He may be saying so because of an anomaly gained in his experiment, or maybe because the mice he was testing on don't digest chocolate.

  2. To what extent is truth different in mathematics, arts, and ethics?

    objective and concrete, and cannot be shaped or held from any angle to convey a given picture. Art, on the other hand, is all about pictures and angles. Art has proven itself to be difficult to define over the years, with people proclaiming what appear to most as random acts to be art.

  1. Art is a lie that brings us closer to the truth- Pablo Picasso. Discuss.

    He said, it would only be a pipe, if "I could put tobacco in it, and smoke it". Leo Tolstoy wrote a shot novel called "The Diary of a Madman" which is actually an autobiography, but was portrayed using fictional characters.

  2. To what extent is truth different in mathematics, the arts and the ethics?

    However, I believe that truth in the arts may also be considered relative because in our world, the quality or beauty of something varies between time periods and cultures. 2 For example, during the Renaissance, the ideal figure of a woman was more heavyset than what is considered to be the ideal figure of a woman in the 21st century.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work