• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How certain can we be in the Natural Sciences?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Sabah TasnimIB22/9/12 How certain can we be in the Natural Sciences? Natural Sciences are ideally defined as branches of science that seek to expose the rules and laws that govern the natural world by using scientific methods. In addition, Natural sciences can also be referred to as the knowledge of processes that occur and are observable in nature, as distinguishable from abstract or human sciences. They are mainly used to understand how the world and universe around us works. There are five main branches, which include: Chemistry, Biology, Astronomy, Earth Science and Physics. Within each of these branches, are numerous further specializations, namely: agrobiology, biochemistry, biometry, electrobiology, microbiology, radiobiology and so on. Since Natural Sciences are defined as the study of different aspects in the world, in terms of how they work and how they are related, there are various issues that create doubts in people?s minds and others that are left unanswered because the way they are is the way they will be. ...read more.

Middle

These instruments can change the meaning of a particular scientific theory by anything as small as 0.1%, for example if a particular molecule is being measured in Chemistry, by its molecular mass or weight, the properties of the molecule can be affected of the tools used to measure it are inaccurate and in the same way, it is not reasonable to be entirely dependable on technology as they have their own form of errors associated, henceforth, people tend to use their senses, especially vision. In most cases, scientists use both their senses and other tools for research and this can cause further errors if not treated properly because there are multiple sources of errors that are unknowingly dealt with. Furthermore, there are various scientific methods that affect the reliability of Natural Sciences and these again are influenced by humans. There is a certain scientific method known as ?falsificationism,? which is associated by the name ?Karl Popper?, whereby he suggests that scientists do not begin by making scientific observations, but they begin with an informed theory based on previous ones which enables them to formulate a hypothesis. ...read more.

Conclusion

Therefore, as Natural Sciences are ?natural,? there is a lot of hope that doubts cannot easily occur as science is always around us. In the same way, Natural Sciences can be hypothesized; being proven by further evidence and the result is expected which is acquired by the use of formulae, experiments and data to be proved. On the whole, the certainty in natural sciences depends on numerous factors and aspects. However, as this is the twenty first century, it is a lot easier for one to be certain in the Natural sciences as the technological advancement has drastically eased research and finding in the Natural Sciences, which makes it reliable for the world. On the other hand, there might be some cases whereby it is not entirely possible for us, humans, to be certain in Natural sciences because most of the aspects in science are taken one step further by us and therefore there might be a lot of chances for errors which leads to various issues of whether Natural sciences are reliable or not. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Theory of Knowledge section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Theory of Knowledge essays

  1. TOK Essay on Natural Sciences

    Thus, caring behaviour and therefore certain things that allow their loved one to be happy would be recognised as being morally right and vice versa. Cultural also is a large contribution towards the idea of morality of people as they are brought up to belief what is right and what is wrong by their cultural backgrounds.

  2. Evidence. One of the main differences between I am certain and it is certain ...

    January 2005]. This discovery will change the shape of the periodic table and will disprove a long-held scientific belief.?? Interestingly, in some areas of knowledge, 'It is certain' cannot exist, as justification cannot be based upon proof, merely informed opinion.

  1. What are the differences between "I am certain" and "it is certain", and is ...

    However, scientists will still tend to prefer those that may bring fame and fortune, and coherent with what they already know. In addition, the social system of science more readily accepts ideas that are widely supported and advocated, benefit the community, and are supported by the majority, or by authoritative experts.

  2. What is it about theories in human sciences and natural science that makes them ...

    This proves that anyone who speaks professionally and are blessed with the skill of good oratory can influence people with or without any evidence. But at times even emotion can affect our sense of perception about the truth. As we may not believe some information for the first time but

  1. Ethical judgments limit the methods available in the production of knowledge in both the ...

    for a vehicle for marketing the vast and diverse craft traditions of India and thereby help fulfill the need to provide and sustain employment.? As mentioned above, in the case of art, there can be different perceptions which can also be related to emotional responses.

  2. Ethical judgments limit the methods available in the production of knowledge in both the ...

    have the tendency to take it to a level that the concept of ethics invariably gets drawn in. The brutal usage of animals done by major firms has become is becoming more common in today?s world. Where in complete contrast Art is used as a form of expression, it defies most ethical boundaries.

  1. What is it about theories in human sciences and natural sciences that make them ...

    Creationists who believe strongly in god and religion refuse to accept any theories that go against their religious beliefs. To these creationists the concept of evolution does not exist. Creationists make decisions that are largely influenced by emotion, and not reason.

  2. How certain can we be in the natural sciences?

    This is a prediction of what we believe the results of the experiment will prove. If we are the people carrying out the experiment, and we know what we expect the results to be, we can manipulate it so that the results we receive are the ones that we get.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work