• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How important are the opinions of experts in the search for knowledge?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐How important are the opinions of experts in the search for knowledge? Man is a social animal who needs company and advices He is distinguished from others creatures by his deep search of knowledge. Knowledge is a deep concept. It is no such thing lying around to be picked and learned. It can only be understood through our experience. It is created by us through the four ways of knowing namely-sense perception, language, reasoning and emotion. But since these ways of knowing can sometimes be misleading, man staggers in his journey to knowledge We are not living in the Garden of Eden where grows the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil. Man has to distinguish between what is right and wrong, in this context I feel that opinions of experts are necessary. Man shows huge faith in the power of the so called experts. An expert is a person who has a formidable authority in the subject concerned. He is experienced enough to enlighten the mind of others through his expert advice. Man has to rely on expert opinion to ascertain truth and also to justify many of his knowledge claims. ...read more.

Middle

It is the irony of human fate that man shows an inherent tendency to become what he believes. And such beliefs may sometimes be prejudicial to human interest. The knowledge claims in Ethics as an area of knowledge help us distinguish between right and wrong; good and evil. It is such an area where the advice of the experts thrusts us into a dilemma as the opinion of the expert is always sought after in the absence of any rulebook about what is right and wrong. Ethics is an issue that is opposed to the scientific spirit. Cloning, abortion and euthanasia are a few issues on which moralists look with contempt as they consider these scientific advancements as an attempt to reverse the role of nature. In my opinion these inventions are revolutionary and can never be lightly. I feel ethics is a field where the belief and faith of a person is what matters most. We should use our reason and rationality before implementing the opinions of the moralists in our lives. Religion is another area of knowledge that is highly opinionated, and here the opinions of priests and pundits are sought after. ...read more.

Conclusion

Ethics and religion are areas of knowledge that are unlikeliest to offer any empirical evidence in support of the opinions of their experts. Only our ways of knowing are not sufficient in deciding the efficacy of an opinion. Unlike them, Science as an area of knowledge is based on empirical evidence rather than wild guesses and superficial opinions. It is the ultimate justified belief -the certain way of knowing. It is there with us to help ascertain the cogency of an opinion. My conclusion is that although the opinions of the experts have been revolutionary in enhancing the human lot, yet they cannot be always relied on. The opinion of an expert should be considered his personal viewpoint and not a fact. Mere opinions lacking empirical evidence can be detrimental in our quest of knowledge. A person can be an expert in a particular field, but his views may not be relevant in other areas of knowledge. For example Sigmund Freud may be an authority in the field of psychology, and Einstein in science. But what will happen if their roles are reversed? We have to be wary lest a false opinion should become our belief and belief our principle. Reference 1. http://www.darwins-theory-of-evolution.com/ 2 http://www.personal-eveloent.com/chuck/falseopinions.htm ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Theory of Knowledge section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Theory of Knowledge essays

  1. How can we know when we have made progress in the search of knowledge?

    Areas of knowing like ethics and history share a lot in common, but they are completely different from the natural sciences. Unlike ethics and history, we can know when we have made progress by the scientific method. The scientific method is how we can know something is accurate.

  2. The Law of the Universe: Entropy

    emits an electric implus at an incredibly steady rate when a current is applied to it if this interaction were to take place faster, it would indicate a speedier progression of time. This suggests that time can be stopped by causing all interactions between particles to cease which happens when

  1. TOK - French Headscarf Ban - This law has not only affected faiths within ...

    Secularism has been part of Turkey since the time of Ataturk, who was the initiator of it. Thus, Turkey's situation parallels France, although one difference is that while the government is imposing this belief in France, the military is imposing it in Turkey.

  2. How important are the opinions of experts in the search for knowledge?

    The next question is then, does one need to have made a famous discovery in order to be given the title "expert". My opinion to this is no, because I would compare those scientists to the work of a doctor. Is a doctor not an expert in what they do?

  1. How important are the opinions of experts in the search for knowledge?

    Hans Eysenck once commented, "Scientists, especially when they leave the particular field in which they have specialised, are just as ordinary, pig - headed and unreasonable as anybody else, and their unusually high intelligence only makes their prejudices all the more dangerous."3 Next, we come to ethics, we see that

  2. Reliability of Sigmund Freud's claims

    and the drive for death (thanato). Thus a person has to find a balance between the natural selfish drive that seeks to satisfy immediate lust, and the "correct" moral behavior required to interact in society. The only remedy I have to rationally justify such a claim personally is by looking at to which extent the statement

  1. In what ways may models help or hinder the search for knowledge?

    These assumptions lead to Boyle?s Law stating that if the volume of a gas is reduced by 50% then the pressure of the gas will double. (e.g. compressing air during a bicycle jump). Hypothetical minuscule elastic spheres were assumed to have mass and velocity similarly to billiard balls do although no color.

  2. TOK speech - Knowledge Issue: To what extent is the use of a dead ...

    If there isn?t face, we are able to talk about the cadaver as an ?it?, rather than ?he? or ?she?, and not feel guilty because the cadaver will never know. This type of objectification concerning dead bodies is crucial for some people, the research on cadavers may be gross literally,

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work