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In what ways may disagreement aid the pursuit of knowledge in the natural and human sciences

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Introduction

´╗┐Candidate No.: 001529-015 Word Count: 1,291 kgmmsgkmdksmk 1. In what ways may disagreement aid the pursuit of knowledge in the natural and human sciences? As human beings it is our intuition to seek a higher level of knowledge and truth, whether it be in the sciences, our own lives or in religion. With this pursuit of knowledge come boundaries and obstacles that hinder these intellectual advancements. These obstacles can appear in many forms, many of which are disagreements, whether it is religious disagreements, individual disagreements or idealistic disagreements. These disagreements arise from different paradigms or assumptions present in religion, personality, and ideals. Disagreements may be over the logic of arguments or value of evidence, therefore it is also possible that these disagreements may aid in the pursuit of knowledge. Throughout this paper I will be delving deeper into the pursuit of knowledge, as well as our logical reasoning, perception and emotions towards this knowledge when disagreements arise, allowing for the exploration of the ways in which disagreement may aid the pursuit of knowledge in the natural and human sciences. The meaning of the word disagreement is vastly varied, for example it can range from the slight difference in opinion to a full-blown argument. ...read more.

Middle

In the natural sciences, an example of how disagreements can aid in the pursuit of knowledge is present in Einstein?s Theory of General Relativity, this theory is an extension of Newton?s Law of Gravity. Einstein disagreed with certain aspects of Newtons law, because of this questioning he conducted further research and created a theory that gives the present an increased understanding of the interaction between objects in gravitational fields and the universe. Another example of disagreements leading to scientific advancements are technological developments for wartime. The Second World War nuclear attacks on the Japanese provinces of Hiroshima and Nagoya in 1945 (Atomic Bomb) created unfathomable destruction and permanent damage to the area and its people. However, through the reconstruction of the area scientists were able to measure the effects of nuclear radiation on the land and humans that were subject to exposure as well as furthering our understanding of the power of nuclear energy and its uses. War encompasses disagreements to an international level, however advances made in an effort to conquer the opposition have peaceful uses in the post-war world, such as an increase in understanding of the positive uses of nuclear power. Without the disagreements and conflict of war, mankind would be more technologically limited. ...read more.

Conclusion

It can be obtained through new discoveries or increased improvements on previous theories and may be contested regardless of its status in the scientific community. In the natural and human sciences disagreements may arise from a variety of different avenues, such as emotional responses to theories and laws as well as logical reasoning which dispute the evidence throughout scientific experiments. It is possible that disagreements may create negative results on discoveries and hinder the pursuit of knowledge, this is prominent in the issue of creationism versus evolution. Whilst negative effects of disagreements are possible, there may also be positive outcomes, which arise from detrimental events or the exposure of new ideas and perspectives that become apparent due to disagreements. Regardless of the form of disagreement and its outcome, they are present in every day discussions within these two fields of science and each side must work towards the same goal if concessions are to be reached, only then may disagreements aid in the pursuit of knowledge. Sources "Atomic Bomb." History. History Channel, n.d. Web. 1 Feb. 2013. <http://www.history.co.uk/explore-history/ww2/atomic-bomb.html>. Nicozisin, Fr. George. "Creationism Versus Evolution." Orthodox Research Institute. Orthodox Research Institute, n.d. Web. 1 Feb. 2013. <http://www.orthodoxresearchinstitute.org/articles/dogmatics/nicozisin_creationism.htm>. Redd, Nola Taylor. "Einstein's Theory of General Relativity." Space.com. TechMedia Network, n.d. Web. 1 Feb. 2013. <http://www.space.com/17661-theory-general-relativity.html>. ...read more.

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