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Logic and reason-tok

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Introduction

JAIME CASTRO A. 10-2 LOGIC AND REASON Research and discuss: - What is logic? - What is reason? - What is an argument? - What is a fallacy? Give an example - What is a flawed argument? Give an example Use at least 4 different sources and produce a bibliography. Make your answers as complete as possible and make the best use of language that you can. - What is logic? The word logic and hence it's meaning comes from the Greek word "logos", which in the ancient Greece had a relationship both with the structure of the language and with the thoughts and ideas of the human mind. We can say that logic is a concept that basically describes and study the way in which the human mind processes information about what it perceives about truth and reality, this can be understand as the rational way in which the human mind conducts pure thinking to process information. This is also an explanation why logic is present or used in languages, since languages are the way in which the human race has developed, expressed and explained all the different thoughts and ideas that have been processed by the human ...read more.

Middle

Arguments are usually the product of a previous investigation about a certain aspect in which the investigator develops a conclusion and uses his research to create an argument where he states its conclusion and supports it with his results and his analysis of what he investigated. - What is a fallacy? Give an example A fallacy is a defect in an argument which makes it invalid, this defects are usually made because there is a bad reasoning of the information or because the information that was used to create the argument was not clear or wasn't completely "true" or accurate. Some simple examples are summarized below, (the examples were taken from a website noted below them). a) "1. Geological events produce rock. (premise) 2. Rock is a type of music. (premise) 3. Geological events produce music. (conclusion)"1 b) "1. All humans are mammals. (premise) 2. All cats are mammals. (premise) 3. All humans are cats. (conclusion)" 2 Examples taken from: Cline, Austin. "What is a Fallacy? Understanding Defective Arguments." Agnosticism / Atheism - Free Inquiry, Skepticism, Atheism, Religious Philosophy. 8 Mar. ...read more.

Conclusion

23 Dec. 1998. 8 Mar. 2009, Available in internet at : <http://www.rbjones.com/rbjpub/philos/logic/015.htm>. * Joe Lau and Jonathan Chan. "What is logic?" Open Courseware on critical thinking, logic, and creativity. 8 Mar. 2009, Available in internet at: <http://philosophy.hku.hk/think/logic/whatislogic.php>. * "What is reason." Generation Online organisation. 8 Mar. 2009 <http://www.generation-online.org/p/fpkantreason.htm>."What is reason." Generation Online. 8 Mar. 2009, Available in internet at: <http://www.generation-online.org/p/fpkantreason.htm>. * "WMail ezine "What Is Reason?" Essay." Working Minds: A Philosophy of Empowerment. WORKING MINDS. 8 Mar. 2009, Available in internet at: <http://www.working-minds.com/WMessay45.htm>. * Pryor, Jim. "Philosophical Terms and Methods." Jim Pryor. 10 Jan. 2009. 8 Mar. 2009, Available in internet at: <http://www.jimpryor.net/teaching/vocab/argument.html>. * Cline, Austin. "What is a Fallacy? Understanding Defective Arguments." Agnosticism / Atheism - Free Inquiry, Skepticism, Atheism, Religious Philosophy. 8 Mar. 2009, Available in internet at: <http://atheism.about.com/od/logicalfallacies/a/overview.htm>. * "Logical Flaws in Reasoning: Flawed Reasoning, Arguments, and Attitudes." Agnosticism / Atheism - Free Inquiry, Skepticism, Atheism, Religious Philosophy. 9 Mar. 2009, Available in internet at: <http://atheism.about.com/od/logicalflawsinreasoning/Logical_Flaws_in_Reasoning_Flawed_Reasoning_Arguments_and_Attitudes.htm>. 1 Cline, Austin. "What is a Fallacy? Understanding Defective Arguments." Agnosticism / Atheism - Free Inquiry, Skepticism, Atheism, Religious Philosophy. 8 Mar. 2009, Available in internet at: <http://atheism.about.com/od/logicalfallacies/a/overview.htm>. 2 Cline, Austin. "What is a Fallacy? Understanding Defective Arguments." Agnosticism / Atheism - Free Inquiry, Skepticism, Atheism, Religious Philosophy. 8 Mar. 2009, Available in internet at: <http://atheism.about.com/od/logicalfallacies/a/overview.htm>. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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