• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

"Only knowledge that can be proven by logic or empirical methods is meaningful" In light of this statement how the arts be justified as possessing knowledge?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Name: Jonathan Tam Class: 13A International Baccalaureate - Theory of Knowledge "Only knowledge that can be proven by logic or empirical methods is meaningful" In light of this statement how the arts be justified as possessing knowledge? There are four ways of knowing, namely language, logic, emotion and perception. Sometimes people think logic and emotion contradicts each other, e.g. some think that logic cannot prove emotions. "Logic and Knowledge" is giving us a focus on the relationship between logic and knowledge which are of great interest in our so-called "knowledge society". Recent developments in knowledge representation, knowledge acquisition, knowledge management, and knowledge processing have revitalized the desire of a better understanding of the inter-relationship of logic and knowledge. In our learning process, we deal with three kinds of "knowledge". Positive examples (facts to be entailed), negative examples (facts not to be entailed), and hypothesis (a set of predicted definitions). Logic is when the mind constructs "small-scale models" of reality that it uses to anticipate events. They can be constructed from perception, imagination, or the comprehension from discourse. They underlie visual images, however, logic is not always true. ...read more.

Middle

Humans are exceptionally supreme because we are not only governed by our physical constructions, but also our mind (i.e. emotions). There are many occasions where our physical needs tell us to do one thing, however our emotions will force us to go against our needs. For example, when we drank too much water and need a restroom break in the middle of the lesson, our emotion tells us that either wetting our pants or asking for permission from the teacher are unlikely to solve the problem, so we go against our call of nature and wait until the lesson ends. To a deeper level, emotions can be classified into different categories: embarrassment, anger, despair, frustration and love. Scientists so far can only explain which parts of the brain contribute to such emotions, but yet they are unable to predict what are the consequences of such actions. Psychologists tried to find a pattern of such actions, but yet human minds are full of variables, and it is impossible to prove anything of emotion through logic. One way of the human mind trying to express themselves is through art works. ...read more.

Conclusion

Some objects or events might be useful to certain individuals, but useless to others. For example, a Terminator action figure might be of great usefulness and significance to Jonathan, a Terminator addict. However to Jimmy Chau, a Pokemon addict, might be of total uselessness. Therefore the term usefulness on Terminator figures is totally different to Jonathan and Jimmy, and might be a third way appealing to the others. Logic might be able to prove a lot of phenomena, but not all of them being proved is meaningful to us. For example, science proved by logic that the universe is constantly expanding, and will collapse after certain billion years of time. It is true that somehow logic did prove this to be a fact, however is it really meaningful to us? We might think yes it is because now human beings know more and we realise how small we are. However to most of us where we "don't care about the universe" (which most of us honestly do not) there is no meaning to us whether the universe will collapse in a billion years' time. So even science proves something to be true, it does not necessarily be meaningful. From here, another conclusion can be drawn: logic can prove knowledge to be meaningful to those who are concerned. 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Theory of Knowledge section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Theory of Knowledge essays

  1. Can we know something that has not yet been proven true?

    How can we make claims to know something, which we cannot see? This is why many people find it difficult to strongly believe in a God or a certain religion. We have no visual evidence to prove that God exists but still many people claim to 'know' that god exists despite contradicting evidence.

  2. "There can be no Knowledge without emotion...until we have felt the force of this ...

    A counter claim for this is that new ideas-a form of knowledge-for characters in literature can arrive without emotion. J.K. Rowling mentioned how Harry Potter suddenly came to her mind out of the blue. Therefore, it is reasonable to say that this knowledge of the character is gained before emotions come into play.

  1. TOK summer assignment - Art Questions. Experiencing art, artists reputations and "what is ...

    The artists used thick strokes to possible emphasize the landscapes and portraits by making them more visible rather than focusing on smaller details. I observed that the brushstrokes for the next rooms remained quite similar. They were still bold, rugged and visible.

  2. How can we know when we have made progress in the search of knowledge?

    If you and the people around you are the only people that have seen and understood something it doesn't count as a science. For example, if you made a claim that you and they people around you are they only people that you saw an UFO, but you're the only

  1. TOK notes. The problem of knowledge There are three ...

    All news are a bit subjective. Three common criteria: Bad news - mostly containing bad news bias which creates a pessimistic view in people Extraordinary news - news are more concentrated on unusual things It's relevant news - only concentrating on things which are of concern - e.g.

  2. TOK essay Inductive logic is one of the ...

    It is quite clear that we are quite fallible while making inductions. Specific conditions that are to be investigated individually are more likely to lead us to the certain truth than the conclusions we make by observing them. It is very easy for us to comment on accurate quantitive and

  1. Ethical judgments limit the methods available in the production of knowledge in both the ...

    It is in fact Ethics and knowledge that affect each other, the very basis of this argument is to determine whether ethics control the amount of knowledge produced.

  2. We want to investigate on whether the development of computer technology brings more positive ...

    site and to sites and services that connect with it and share what you're doing. Without the cookies, you cannot share Youtube links on your Facebook wall! However, it was found that the cookies are only altered, but not deleted after you logged out.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work