• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Rebuttal paper nasa

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Sabera 1 What issues should be considered most important is making decisions about space exploration? As Neil Armstrong a NASA astronaut stepped on the moon surface he uttered the famous line "That's one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind." It was Sunday, July 20th 1969 when mankind wrote a new chapter in history and America shed tears of joy. Recent debates about Obama's cancellation of the Constellation program (back to moon program) have generated sighs of both relief disconsolation. Question like the overall worth of space exploration is raised. The question of financing comes first and foremost. In this plunging condition of the economy what factors backs up for or against funding space exploration? President Obama's proposal would mostly affect the space shuttle for Constellation ( NASA's back to the moon program).By the cancellation of that plan a $100 billion dollars is saved that would have gone out from the taxpayers pocket (Iffil). From a economic standpoint this carries a lot of weight. Tax cut eventually gets recycled back to the economy in general, a demonstration of the multiplier effect. On the other hand side the idea of spending $6 billion over the next five years to help develop new commercial spacecraft capable of carrying humans is not appealing to many. ...read more.

Middle

Take for instance the Lockheed Martins shuttle in 1996, the failed design cost the government $912 million and Martin #357 million.( Dinerman W3). Overall point is since there is no guarantee that private efforts into space will succeed it is irrational depend on them Also commercialization of space will focus on knowledge as much as it would on profit. Which directly contradicts the 5th outer space treaty under article 1 of space law. " (The controversial Agreement GOVERNING THE ACTIVITIES OF STATES ON THE MOON AND OTHER CELESTIAL BODIES (THE MOON TREATY) DESIGNATES SPACE AS THE "COMMON HERITAGE OF MANKIND," NOT MERELY THE "PROVINCE OF MANKIND" WHEN COMMERCIALIZING SPACE GOVERNMENT NEEDS TO MAKE SURE THAT PRIVATE COMPANIES REMEMBER THIS WELL. LETS TRACK THIS BACK HISTORICALLY. THE ROLE PLAY OF SPUTNIK( FIRST EARTH ORBITING SATELLITE BY RUSSIA)IN THE BIRTH OF NASA IS WELL KNOWN TO ALL. AS PRESIDENT KENNEDY FIRST ARTICULATED HIS GOAL IN 1961- THAT THIS NATION SHALL COMMIT ITSELF TO ACHIEVE A GOAL OF LANDING A MAN ON MOON, NASA WAS IN FULL SWING.(KENNEDY). HIS DREAM WAS FULFILLED EIGHT YEARS LATER WHEN APOLLO 11 FIRST LANDED THE FIRST HUMAN ON MOON. THEN THE EXPECTATION FROM NASA ROSE EVEN HIGHER FOR PRESIDENT RONALD REAGAN. ...read more.

Conclusion

WITH THE FINITE AMOUNT OF TAX PAYERS MONEY GOVERNMENT NEEDS TO SET UP THE PRIORITY. SABERA 5 EVERY SINGLE PENNY SPENT FOR THE SPACE IS ACTUALLY SPENT FOR THE EARTH. THINK ABOUT THE NASA CREATES THE TECHNOLOGY IT INAUGURATES. SPACE EXPLORATION IS NOT FAR FETCHED NOW, IT IS RATHER AN INTEGRAL PART. PRIVATE ENTERPRISES THEREFORE SHOULD BE GIVEN A CHANCE TO CONTRIBUTE WITH IN THE GOVERNMENT REGULATION. YES THERE ARE MORE PRESSING ISSUES IN THE WORLD AND YES THE COUNTRY IS GOING THROUGH A CRITICAL PERIOD BUT AMERICA AS A NATION CAN NOT UNDERMINE THE GREAT LEGACY THAT IT EARNED. CITATION DIAMANDIS, BY PETER. "THE CASE FOR PRIVATE SPACE - WSJ.COM."BUSINESS NEWS & FINANCIAL NEWS - THE WALL STREET JOURNAL - WSJ.COM. WEB. 18 NOV. 2010. <HTTP://ONLINE.WSJ.COM/ARTICLE/SB10001424052748703382904575059350409331536.HTML> "US Economy Timeline."New York News, Traffic, Sports, Weather, Photos, Entertainment, and Gossip - NY Daily News. Web. 17 Nov. 2010. <http://www.nydailynews.com/money/useconomytimeline/index.html>. "Understanding the President's FY 2011 Budget."Economic Policy Institute. Web. 17 Nov. 2010. <http://www.epi.org/publications/entry/ib273/>. "Budget Cuts Launch Debate on NASA's Future | PBS NewsHour | Feb. 2, 2010 | PBS." PBS: Public Broadcasting Service. Web. 17 Nov. 2010. <http://www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/science/jan-june10/nasa_02-02.html>. SMITH, MARCIA. "SPACE LAW." SPACE POLICY ONLINE. WEB. Synthesis essay What issues should be considered most important is making decisions about space exploration? Sabera Buhara R1 Mr Weintraut 11/19/10 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Theory of Knowledge section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Theory of Knowledge essays

  1. TOK Paper. The dangers of stereotypes, comments on Chimamanda Adichie: The Danger of a ...

    We create them, follow them, and do little to stop them. As an Indian, I have been exposed to many stereotypes that the American culture has formed about a country that the majority of her citizens have never been to.

  2. Seven Days: A Brief History. During the week of November 7th to November ...

    At the same that this was happening, Iran responded to what the United States responded on them having nuclear weapons for "military efforts." Iran's leader warned the countries of Israel and the United States that they would launch a military strike against to what the United States said over Iran's nuclear program.

  1. Tok Essay - Question 5 2010

    20th century, first proposed the concept of falsification and Popperian scepticism in the natural sciences as an alternative to relativism or subjectivism. Popper held that no scientific theory is ever proven, and that verification is therefore impossible. By the same token, the only way proposed by Popper to attach any

  2. The Edge of Dreaming

    Fear keeps you from asserting yourself and persuades you to settle for what you must settle for instead of going after what you want. 4. In the contrary, I believe that there is no separation between body, mind and spirit.

  1. work based project

    I also left room for him/her to ask questions that they may have concerning the project. Rubin, H and Rubin. I (2005) suggest that 'often the information obtained from semi structured interviews will provide not just answers, but the reasons for the answers'.

  2. Defining and Analyzing Mixed Method Johnson and Christensen (2007) describe mixed research as the ...

    The study will examine the influence of servant leadership, at the faculty and staff level, upon student success at Shorter University, Atlanta, Georgia. This quantitative study will be post-positivistic in nature and design. The study will measure the level of servant leadership on the four campuses (Rome, North Atlanta, Gwinnett, and Riverdale)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work