• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Science is built up of facts, as a house is with stones. But a collection of facts is no more a science than a heap of stones is a house. Connect with one area of knowledge

Extracts from this document...


Ray Weagraff 12/10/08 Costello LP IB TOK Science is built up of facts, as a house is with stones. But a collection of facts is no more a science than a heap of stones is a house. Connect with one area of knowledge This is a very striking quote because of its complexity and the truth behind it. There have been many sciences throughout the ages that have had a strong basis in facts or what people believed to be facts, but that simply are not true. Two great examples are the discovery of microbiology, bacteria, and the discovery of heliocentrism. It was noted by an ancient Greek philosopher that the sun might be the center of the universe, but it was not until the 16th century that heliocentrism was actually factually proven. So in the mean time much of the world's population was geocentric because of visual observation, and the incorrect facts of the time. So these people did have incorrect facts, but that seems to be what Henri Poincare is getting at. Just because it is firmly rooted in factual evidence, until it can be accurately observed and recorded it is just a jumble of meaninglessness. ...read more.


The war is not a primary cause but can certainly attribute to the fiscal crises that we face today. History has not only been mistaken, but has been an outright lie multiple times. One such example would be the way children are taught in school about Christopher Columbus. Undoubtedly one of the most influential men in history was not as we have heard a great man but rather a terrorist with inhumane ways of dealing with the indigenous Americans. A man who never discovered the earth was round. That discovery had been made roughly 2,000 years previous by another man name Pythagoras. Another lie is the idea that Europe has invented all of the mathematical formulas of our world. Historians continue to discover that more often then not mathematical advances have almost always appeared faster in the Middle East then they have in Europe "In mathematics, Pascal's triangle is a geometric arrangement of the binomial coefficients in a triangle. It is named after Blaise Pascal in much of the western world, although other mathematicians studied it centuries before him in India, Persia, China, and Italy". ...read more.


We are told that this is a time when child labor laws are beginning to crop up. We are not told of the vast magnitude of the problem. We can not even imagine the enormity of the situation that the American people where dealing with at the time. Yet the industrial revolution is seen as a very positive time for everyone in the United States due to our advancement in technology according to the more moderate and traditionalist point of view. So just as in science a vast accumulation of facts really proves nothing. Just because you have thirty ways in science to prove something right does not always make it so. It might be right under those thirty different circumstances but it only takes one way to prove it wrong to make it an incorrect theory. So in history you can see it is not just an assortment of facts that make it strong or believable. It is an assortment of facts that are from many different varied sources often from different sides of the line that make it a coherent and accurate description of what happened. In other words you might say that you don't just build a house with studs, but also with nails, shingles, and pipes. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Theory of Knowledge section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Theory of Knowledge essays

  1. Science is built of facts

    Math helps mathematicians understand relations between the various figures and quantities that are represented by numbers or formulae. Science had also helped to extended and enriched our knowledge. When people acquire more of the scientific knowledge system, they would know more about the world around them and the development of life.

  2. Pseudo-science or science

    Even due to observation, how can the things seen from our eyes be true? We may never know as well. Even if it's observed that the 'Butterfly Effect' is there, maybe due to experiences as well, is it possible for it to be proven with the nature of science?

  1. Planning Document Bermuda Triangle- Myth or ...

    in height and are capable of sinking the largest ships within moments. Although these are very rare, in some areas ocean currents mean they happen more often than the norm. Such waves have now been hypothesized as a cause for many unexplained shipping losses over the years.

  2. ToK: "Science is built of facts, the way a house is built of bricks.."

    an accumulation of facts, but no picture, no house and especially no knowledge and science. It is really easy to discuss this topic, but it is ways better if some examples are included. Let's take one of my most favorite areas of knowledge - History.

  1. Science is built of facts the way a house is built of bricks: but ...

    Henri Poincare suggests that science is built like a house, with the facts that make up science compared to the bricks making up the house. By saying that with only bricks you cannot make a house he implies that you need other necessary materials like cement, glass, metal and a place to start building.

  2. For some people science is the supreme form of all knowledge. Is this view ...

    In fact Galileo realized that it should be the goal of science, not the starting place, to draw conclusions via the inductive method of investigation. Hence the scientific method was created which involves the collection of data through observation and investigation with a goal of finding a few powerful statements about how nature works (laws and theories).

  1. TOK: Science and History

    with as "science", rejecting the unfavourable association with the term "pseudo science". But some "sciences" blur the line separating these two "sciences" even more; pills producing placebo effect. Antidepressant pills do show positive results but what is it that makes them work?

  2. If facts themselves never prove or disprove anything, what else is involved in the ...

    This is an important point, and one that distinguishes fact from knowledge. Facts do not require proof or even evidence or justification, they do not even need us to believe in them; they just are. Knowledge, at least knowledge of a propositional nature, requires us to satisfy the criteria of justified, true belief (Abel, 1976).

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work