• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

"That which is accepted as knowledge today is sometimes discarded tomorrow." Consider some of the knowledge issues raised by this statement in two areas of knowledge

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

"That which is accepted as knowledge today is sometimes discarded tomorrow." Consider some of the knowledge issues raised by this statement in two areas of knowledge. A few years ago, when my grandfather was diagnosed of Diabetes, his endocrinologists recommended that he take artificial sweeteners, and stop all sugar intakes. The sweetener, ?Splenda?, helped him control his sugar levels to a vast extent. But recently my grandfather has started suffering from illnesses such as nausea, headache, dizziness and a slight loss of memory. Epidemiological evidence points to a link between a variety of negative health and the consumption of high-intensity artificial sweeteners. This example set me thinking and therefore raised a knowledge issues before me as to ?what are the grounds upon which we give up the accepted knowledge, and adapt ourselves to the new knowledge?? and ?to what extent does the role of authority impact what is accepted as knowledge?? To me, knowledge is an entity that is an amalgamation of information and facts that is attained by an individual via education, observation and exposure. My grandfather exhibited belief in his doctor?s prognoses. When I asked him why, he claimed not only that he trusted his doctor to give him the right advice but also was of the belief that his doctor was his source of knowledge as the advice of the doctor satisfied his reason and perception. ...read more.

Middle

This is how we derive new knowledge, and discard the accepted one. In such cases I feel that authority has a major role in enlightening the masses. Bentinck had authority, and he exercised it. There had been various voices of dissent on the sati practice before him too, but those pleas fell on deaf ears. New knowledge comes, not on the wings of imagination alone, but accompanied by the ways of knowing, our observations and experiences. New knowledge does not dawn on us spontaneously; it takes time to apply to our ways of knowledge and ways of life. And once it applies, there is no gainsaying that the accepted knowledge is discarded in favour of the new one. But it does not amount to saying that every old knowledge is changeable with the passage of time. Nor is everyone willing to learn this knowledge and discard his perception on an issue. Despite so many hue and cries on the Sati practice, an 18-year-old woman, Roop Kanwar, immolated herself on the pyre of her husband in the state of Rajasthan in 1987 in the company of all her relatives. Despite the new knowledge we are not always willing to adapt ourselves to the changes that should be welcome. For example there are millions of people who do not endorse Darwin?s views that we have evolved from monkeys and apes. ...read more.

Conclusion

But again, it will not be right to say that every knowledge that we know is bound to change. No. We still believe that the value of Pi is 3.14 and that it takes 8 minutes for the light from the sun to reach us. Every theory cannot be challenged. To challenge a theory a scientist, be he a human scientist or a natural scientist, has to be twice as vigil as the earlier ones. He is not only supposed to bring a new claim but also has to break the fetters that have engulfed us human beings. Now to answer the knowledge issue taken by me that ?what are the grounds upon which we give up the accepted knowledge, and adapt ourselves to the new knowledge?? and ?to what extent does the role of authority impact what is accepted as knowledge?? I am of the opinion that ?The old order changeth yielding place to new.? Knowledge is a concept that re-corrects itself, as there exists no absolute knowledge in this world. Every thing is changeable in nature, and hence it is mandatory on the part of every knower that he make a proper balance between his reason and emotion, and not get influenced by language until it apples to his perceptions. Human progress is remarkable in that it does not stick to the old ways; it changes but only when the changes come accompanied by evidence and the voice of authority. And whenever it happens the old knowledge will always be discarded tomorrow. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Theory of Knowledge section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Theory of Knowledge essays

  1. Sources of Knowledge

    There is no control over what is written. As well, people judge the reliability of a site based on its appearance. How do we know that the most trustworthy sites are the ones that look good? We don't. Therefore the Internet is not a very trustworthy source of knowledge.

  2. Doubt is the key to all knowledge. To what extent is this true in ...

    something other than a cell, which were unknown back in the 17th century. In this case, the biologists would have allowed their previously acquired internal beliefs, supported with visual conformation, to interfere with what actually happened. As a result of believing that if cells had certain characteristics, or a certain pattern, they divide, the biologist "saw" cell division.

  1. the roles played by reason and imagination in at least two Areas of Knowledge.

    But it's hard to say that there is imagination on history because the historians are only able to use what they had discovered. By using only reason, history is reduced to numbers and graphs, it loses its human side and neglects the emotion and social aspect, therefore only telling part of the story.

  2. Where does knowledge come from?

    All of these human sciences are results of the study and experimentation of human behavior over time. One cannot just wake up one day and know all about human behavior. But, over time, one can study and analyze human behavior through careful and precise experimentation and observation.

  1. Identify and Explore the Philosophical Issues Raised in The Truman Show

    When thinking about this question we have too consider two things; Truman's freedom is, most people would agree much more important than the pleasure gained from watching television, but the people who are receiving this pleasure are in there tens of millions compared to the one Truman.

  2. TOK - Accepted Conventions

    Existentialism states that one must exercise freedom of choice and discover truth for oneself. In addition, as Sartre denotes, humans must bear the burden of their own responsibilities, and must avoid referring to self-eluding and methods that mask one's motives.

  1. To what extent are areas of knowledge shaped by their past? Consider with reference ...

    These nuances, although slight, can result in significantly different interpretations of religious beliefs. For example, the sentence ?a life for a life, an eye for an eye, a nose for a nose, an ear for an ear, a tooth for a tooth, and for wounds is legal retribution?[1] appears in the Koran.

  2. Can we know when to trust our emotions in the pursuit of knowledge? Consider ...

    to rely on other tools as well: experience, imagination and others sources: primary and secondary. This is the reason it is said that history is part myth part reality and part hope. No history can be a true replica of what had really happened as it is written by a

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work