• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Human Sciences

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The Human Sciences Prompt: In what ways might the beliefs of human scientists influence their conclusions? "Human behavior makes most sense when it is explained in terms of beliefs and desires, not in terms of volts and grams" (Steven Pinker, 1954-). As Pinker correctly said, humans are characterized by their beliefs and opinions. Many people say that they try to and succeed in maintaining an unprejudiced outlook on daily life. However, in the attempt of being unbiased with their beliefs and conclusions, all humans fail dismally. All things that reside in a person's mind are subjective, and thus loaded with belief. According to the Oxford School Dictionary, a belief is "a view or judgment of something not necessarily based on fact or knowledge", and a bias is "prejudice in favor of or against one thing, person or group compared with another, usually in a way considered to be unfair". If we accept these definitions to be true, then it concludes that it is impossible to have a belief that is unbiased. If one believes something, one has made a judgment of that thing, and thus is biased by that judgment. A belief is, by its very definition, a bias. ...read more.

Middle

While trying to draw a conclusion, the confirmation bias leads to scientists only recognizing evidence that contributes to their conclusion. They only notice confirming evidence like such because they are biased to believe that their conclusion is true and they somehow have to prove it to be so. Perhaps the only solution to such confirmation biases is actively pursuing contradictory evidence, and analyzing and acknowledging criticisms that seek to discredit their biased research and conclusions. A second obstacle to bias-free conclusions is the prison of consistency, which is closely interwoven with the confirmation bias. Like described in the previous paragraph, the confirmation bias is when human scientists only taking into account evidence that supports their beliefs. Similarly, the prison of consistency is when a human scientist refuses to accept his/her confirmation bias as a confirmation bias and proceeds with his/her conclusion. The human sciences are a branch of study where there are scads and scads of disagreement and controversy simply because humankind is an unpredictable branch of study, due to the fact that all humans are different and emotional attachments are less concrete than mathematical ones. This leads to controversy. This kind of controversy most definitely causes some scientists' conclusions to be trampled under those of others. ...read more.

Conclusion

Finally, he accepted knowledge by authority and thus imprisoned himself in a prison of consistency - that Swedish humans transformed into chickens in 2000. All these little fallacies combined together to form the belief bias - a bias that proves that beliefs do affect a human scientist's conclusions. A human scientist can fail to see that his/her conclusion does not make any sense if he/she simply believes that it is and has to be true. In conclusion, human scientists' conclusions can rarely ever be free of belief. Belief affects conclusions in human science because of the unpredictability of the nature of humankind which inclines human scientists to easily fall prey to biases such as the confirmation bias, the prison of consistency, and the belief bias. People take the fact that the human sciences are less law-based than the natural sciences too seriously, and thus believe that their conclusions can be true even if they are completely random. Additionally, people believe that what they are proving is true, and thus only notice evidence that proves their conclusion true. Finally, people might only want to draw and prove a conclusion simply because they believe it to be true. To sum it up, the beliefs of human scientists significantly affect their conclusions about humankind. ?? ?? ?? ?? HIMAINI SHARMA IB THEORY OF KNOWLEDGE MR. FRERIKSEN November 21, 2010 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Theory of Knowledge section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Theory of Knowledge essays

  1. To what extent can the human sciences achieve success by imitating the methods of ...

    Other methods used on natural sciences are: quantification,double blind trials and objectivity. Quantification refers to human acts, known as counting and measuring that map human sense observations and experiences into members of some set of numbers. Quantification in this sense is fundamental to the scientific method.

  2. In what ways may disagreement aid the pursuit of knowledge in natural and ...

    again with respect to my enquiry they were not only able to clear my doubts but also refined my knowledge about those scientific claims. If I had not disagreed and uttered my dissenting voice my knowledge about those concepts would have been vague and bookish only, and not at all pragmatic.

  1. In what ways may disagreement aid the pursuit of knowledge in the natural and ...

    A scientific method consists of observation, hypothesizing and experiments. This is followed by the creation of a law that ultimately accumulates into a theory. The proposed law must be controllable, measurable, and repeatable to be considered a natural science. Disagreement may arise in terms of the set-up of experiment, procedure, collection of data or analysis.

  2. What is it about theories in human sciences and natural sciences that make them ...

    that all water boils at 100 degrees Celsius.? (3)So, inductive logic has its own inherent weaknesses, doesn?t it? Going one step further, doesn?t it seem like inductive reasoning, at best, only gives probabilistic truth and not indubitable truth? Logical Reasoning is used as the foundation for research that generates factual data and establishes theories.

  1. In what ways may disagreement aid the pursuit of knowledge in the natural and ...

    It is possible for ideas to be improved by peer disagreements and criticism. These disagreements, instead of extinguishing the idea, they cause further motivation to obtain more evidence of accuracy. Challenged ideas allow for the conduction of new studies and increased developments.

  2. What is it about theories in the human sciences and natural sciences that makes ...

    of reactants rise; thus, I was able to predict that I would most probably produce similar, if not identical results. It is evident the claim that the strength of reason as a way of knowing and the assumption that repeats will produce identical results in the natural sciences is the

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work