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Theory of Knowledge We see and understand things as we are, not as they are discuss this claim in relation to at least two ways of knowing.

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Introduction

Nowadays, when the pressure is put on global understanding of the world - the ability to put oneself in various situations; and empathy, creation of the world where everybody has the chance to speak, we have to consider the fact of our own unique perspective - how the world can be seen and understood. The human has the eyes to see, skin to touch and the ears to hear - those are senses that determine our ability to perceive the world. In that way all the members of homo sapiens1, would be able to see thing in the same way. However... The ability to determine our own perspective is used in persuasion and propaganda around. Scientists have proved the particular aromas persuade customers to buy a product. Randall Stone2 said the aroma helps to create the emotional relationship between the seller and the buyer3. Marc Peltier4 confirms the aroma is as important as light or decorations, because it also creates the positive memories and makes the customer to stay longer near the product. Basing on aroma, statistically giving the customer positive associations ("as we are"), that made the positive association for the aroma, we start to see things better because of the aroma, due to associations ("as we are"). We see thing ("as they are") in our perspective - the unique view of us ("as we are"). ...read more.

Middle

The other example of seeing and understanding things as we are is the quote of the Bible: "For this reason God gave them over to degrading passions; (...) men with men committing indecent acts and receiving in their own persons the due penalty of their error."6 That obviously refers to homosexuality. Catholic Church states homosexuality is condemned in those extracts. Atheists and liberals will say God punished those people not by condemning it, but by complete destroying of heterosexuality and in that way stopping reproduction. If so, they will conclude it does not refer to homosexuality and we do not choose our orientation. Quoting the Book of Hope ("as they are") states we use sources to see and understand things as we are. Reasoning as the way of knowing is visible: the political option environment we brought up in influence our seeing and understanding the world. Religion and Ethics as the Areas of Knowledge ("as they are") are depended on us ("as we are"). There are, however, some symptoms to standardize the seeing and understanding the world. One of those standards that people want to achieve are the tests for truth. Coherence test compares the event with what is already gained, correspondence test checks it with real world and pragmatic states if somebody works properly, it is true ("as they are")7. By using those tests we are able to support our interpretations ("as we are") ...read more.

Conclusion

We do not focus on feelings of others, but on our own ones only. The person is always in the centre of world, especially in Western cultures, emphasizing individualism rather, than collectivism. Even in TOK Diagram, knower is in the centre, surrounded by ways of knowing and areas of knowledge. The quote from "Solaris" confirms we also see and understand as we are, not only the world, even the whole Space. Own opinions are good, but the world would be better if we were more emphatic. However, does it really mean to hide the individuality, not to appreciate our own points of view? TOK ESSAY "We see and understand things as we are, not as they are" - discuss this claim in relation to at least two ways of knowing. Candidate's name: Bartosz Wytrzyszczewski Candidate's number: _____________________________ School: Paderewski Private High School, Lublin Session: May 2010 Word count: 1413 1 Except those handicapped - that is omitted for the purpose of this essay 2 He created the aroma of Samsung's rooms where the products are sell 3 http://www.aromanet.plSwiat/A-powietrze-w-salonie-Samsunga-pachnie-melonami.html 4 the co-founder of AromaSys company from Minnesota, producing aromas for Las Vegas casinos 5 Glassman E. William; Approaches to Psychology, Open University Press, 200; p.116 6 The Bible; Rom 1:26-27 7 Dombrowski E., Rotenberg L., Bick M.; Theory of Knowledge, Oxford University Press, 2007; p. 100-101 8 Interpreting of the epithet is omitted for the purpose of this essay 9 "Wcale nie chcemy zdobywac kosmosu, chcemy tylko poszerzac Ziemie do jego granic" - S. Lem; Solaris ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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