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There are no distinctions between what is true and false, Discuss with relation to history

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Introduction

´╗┐TOK ESSAY: ?There are no distinctions between what is true and false.? Discuss with relation to history ________________ This statement is false in my opinion as distinctions can be seen between what is true and false. It may be hard to see the differences in relation to history because everything is from the past including any evidence. History can be supported through evidence from primary (interviews, letters, and diaries) and secondary sources (photographs, artefacts and other records from the past). Firstly, the definition of true must be clarified: It is a fundamental belief in the subject of Theory of Knowledge (ToK) which is built upon sensory perception, language, emotion and reason ? known as the four ways of knowing (WoK). To argue this statement, examples such as the holocaust and the history of Australia will be explored. As mentioned before, Theory of Knowledge is based on four ways of knowing which are reason, emotion, language and sensory perception. In history all of these are used to find ?truths?. ...read more.

Middle

Another example is Australian history. This includes the indigenous and the non-indigenous people?s perspective. Particularly concerning the issue around the celebration of Australia Day celebrated on the 26th, January being also Invasion day for the aboriginals. For Europeans this day is known as a new beginning and celebrated as a good event where people come together to celebrate being Australian. However, for the aboriginals this is a day of loss (land ownership, culture, family) when their rightful country was stolen from them. The history of aboriginals having been on Australia dates back a long time compared to the new Australians and this has been supported through scientific evidence such as the existence of humans identified through past skulls and signs of villages/tribes that have been found from years before the First fleet arrived at Sydney Cove (1788, 26th January). This specific example shows how there can be two histories for the same event that has taken place in history even if one party was there before the other. ...read more.

Conclusion

The example of Australian history provides indication that there may be two or more histories which are still true because of different perspectives. But in the example of the holocaust, there are two sides to the argument but one is definitely more believable than the other so we can rule out that: The perspective of Post modernists (biased opinion) is actually false even if they believe that it is true. This example shows that a person?s view on history may be biased because of higher authorities who can shape and change the belief of the community to support their claims. In conclusion, I believe there are distinctions between what is true and false. This idea is very important especially when wanting to know about the past. If we do not address certain truths in history we will be suggesting that anything can/could have happened - ?Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it" (George Santayana). We need to know our past because we can learn valuable lessons especially from our mistakes. Sources: 1. http://www.creativespirits.info/aboriginalculture/history/australian-aboriginal-history-timeline (aboriginal history) 2. http://www.ushmm.org/museum/exhibit/focus/maps/googleearth.php (holocaust picture) 3. http://www.readengage.com/articles/soc6.php (Australia day/Invasion day picture) ...read more.

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