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To what extent do scientists rely on either confirming or falsifying a hypothesis? Is either matter ever straightforward? What does this tell us about the nature of the scientific endeavour?

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Introduction

Q> To what extent do scientists rely on either confirming or falsifying a hypothesis? Is either matter ever straightforward? What does this tell us about the nature of the scientific endeavor? I think Science is known for its objectivity and how its facts remain same throughout the earth , except in some special cases such as a vacuum . What then becomes characteristic is the scientific method that is then followed to prove or disprove a belief . The scientific method starts out with an observation , then a hypothesis is made based on which experiments are conducted before it can be regarded as a theory or not . Because of the strong prevalence of this method in the science community , scientists don't have a choice and are expected to follow the same procedure . ...read more.

Middle

What happens then is that a person who is supporting the hypothesis will try to present only the successful data and cover up the unsuccessful data . Yes , the person is presenting the truth , however I think this is half truth and it is more dangerous than white lies, On the other hand a person who is against the hypothesis will try to present data that shows that the hypothesis is wrong . Another problem that plagues hypothesis testing is the range of data that can be tested within it . In order to prove the objectivity of the observation , a range of controlled variables is selected in order to prove that the result from the observation remains constant . ...read more.

Conclusion

and hence when we come across these discoveries we believe that they are "breakthroughs in science " whereas they have been just lying around the whole time and we havent been able to give a good thought . A perfect example I believe to prove my point is the discovery of gravity . Gravity is an important concept , yet Newton was busy trying to prove that the derivative of sin (x) is cos (x) that when he observed an apple falling from a tree he believed it was because of a force . The discovery of gravity is a naive tale yet we regard as one of the greatest achievements of all time because we were too busy trying to prove something we thought was right or wrong . ...read more.

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