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Tok presentation

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Introduction

So, my question today will be whether Is it moral to lie in order to make things better or preserve good? First thing we have to suppose in order to be able to talk about moral is that we are not determined or more precise that we are not hard-determinist. Because if we would be determined, it would mean we would have no free will and as we do not have free will, we are unable to make our own choices. So a basic condition to talk about morality is that we have a free will. In every day life we encounter many situations, which require us to make a choice. These situations vary a great lot and with them the choices we have to make. Sometimes we simply have to choose between two actions, or if to do it in the first place. But every now and then we make some decisions that might not be beneficial for us in the long run. I would like to give you a real life example that will illustrate the situation in which we have to make a choice. ...read more.

Middle

Utilitarianism deals with the utility of actions. It measures how much pleasure is brought to how many people. It states that, when faced with a choice, we must first consider the likely consequences of potential actions and, from that, choose to do what we believe will generate greatest good for the greatest number. Applying this to our example gives us 2 outcomes to compare. The first one from utilitarian perspective is lying and leaves you both happy and she is in offended because she doesn't know the incident (it means that from her point of view it remains inexistent) Besides the loss of clean conscience there is not much pain either. So from this point of view it would actually be morally right. Now we have a justified knowledge claim that tells us that lying in this situation might be right. But on the other hand looking at this example from deontological perspective, which judges an action by moral rules we get different outcome. They always apply the universal principle, what kind of world would be if everyone did this or that. ...read more.

Conclusion

Now this example opens the door to completely different intuitions and gut feelings. In previous example almost everyone not related to the situation would say that lying was morally wrong even though it caused more pleasure than pain. Here the two outcomes are pretty obvious. Either you lie about it and save your friend or you tell the truth because of some reason and the murderer kills him. For this case even the very people that thought you(Parents , teachers) not to lie would probably tell you that this is an exception. Utilitarianism would again support the claim that it would be right to lie as no one is harmed and your friend is saved. But deontologist would say that even in this example lying is wrong as it could not be universalized. In conclusion we see there are many reasons to lie, either because you just don't want to admit something, but most of the time it is associated with making things easier and trying to avoid painful or uncomfortable situations and consequence's. But I my opinion world without lies will never exist. Lets look at the example how would it looks like: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Oc79ho-PzeE&feature=fvst There is Nothing Either Good or Bad, but Thinking Makes it So. ...read more.

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