• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

TOK reason as way of knowing

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of reasoning as a way of knowing "The process of thinking about things in a logical ways; opinions and ideas that are based on logical thinking," (CyberDict 7 advance). Reason is an important way of knowing. There are three kinds of reasoning which are deductive reasoning, inductive reasoning and informal reasoning. Induction is informative, but it's less certain than deduction and deduction is less informative than induction, but it is more certain. Informal reasoning is related to fallacies which are a false idea or belief, especially one that a lot of people believe is true. People can make bad reasoning because they are prejudice or discriminate. All of the reasoning is not perfect, they have strengths and weaknesses. Inductive reasoning is from specific to general. The information is from observation, so it is informative. People use inductive reasoning to make conclusion based of the data that they have. If they observe something and it turns out to be true many times, then they can conclude that it will be true in all instances. ...read more.

Middle

Overacker. Deductive reasoning is certain, but it isn't necessary need to be true to be certain, so this is its weakness. Logic is most useful when we begin with true premises; for if we then reason validly we can be sure that the conclusion is true. If people use deductive reasoning and follow every step correctly, the conclusion could be true or not true. It depends on the first premise. Your conclusions are only as good as your premises. Informal reasoning is the fallacies of both deductive and inductive reasoning. Fallacies are false ideas or beliefs, especially ones that a lot of people believe are true. This is very common in every day life. Informal reasoning is a normal logic, people use in regular argument. For example: This Thai restaurant is bad because the cook is Indian. People claim that something is true on the grounds that there is no evidence to disprove it. It means that the Thai food doesn't taste good because the cook is not Thai and there is no evidence to prove that this is wrong. ...read more.

Conclusion

One of them picks up the pearls and gives two to each of the other two, keeping the remaining three for himself. One of the other men says 'How come you have kept three?' 'Because I am the leader.' 'Oh. But how come you are the leader?' 'Because I have more pearls.'" It's keep proving. All reasoning has weaknesses and strengths. Deductive, inductive and informal reasoning all have weakness and strength to some extent. Deductive is more certain, but it is less informative. Even though it can have weakness, people use it in their daily life. Inductive reasoning is also very helpful, it based on the investigation or observation, but the observation is only with some people and they decide to use it for all people, so they can be mistake. Deductive reasoning also needs inductive reasoning because the first premise in deductive reasoning is from inductive reasoning. Informal reasoning is fallacy. It is also called false reasoning. It is a false idea that everyone believes is true. If everyone prejudice on some nationality, they will think that everyone from that nationality is bad. Sometimes people believe something is true because they can't prove to be false. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Theory of Knowledge section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Theory of Knowledge essays

  1. To what extent do you think reason is an objective, reliable way of knowing? ...

    to her "too much potatoes is not good for health", Ironically she was quite a hefty person and perceived the comment in a negative/insulting manner. Therefore we can see that even though my intention was solely to give helpful advice, the girl misinterpreted what I was saying and used her reasoning to arrive a false conclusion.

  2. Evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of reason as a way of knowing.

    In this case, reason lacks power in settling ethical arguments as it neglects this difference in opinions and beliefs, which affect the way in which people come up with logical conclusions. In the case of animal experimentation again, parties who do not agree with the premise "the lives of all

  1. Evaluate the Strengths and Weaknesses of Reason as a Way of Knowing.

    Does reason affect the other ways of knowing? In order to address the title question I will then ask myself if the answer to these questions should be considered a strength or a weakness. When we form an argument we make use of reason and interpretation.

  2. Evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of reason as a way of knowing.

    In my opinion reason has no weaknesses as a "way of knowing" when we compare it to lack of reason while we are attempting to "know". There I mean "knowing" as opposite to "faith". The antithesis of reason according to theologians is actually "faith."2 Therefore the best strength of reason is that it is not mystic.

  1. Evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of reason as a way of knowing.

    Anything you do in your life has a reason behind it. For example, a student has an option of choosing different courses for his/her career. At that time, when student chooses an International curriculum there is reason behind it that he/she might wish to go to abroad for their further education.

  2. Evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of reason as a way of knowing

    For example, all animals that have wings can fly. This is an animal with wings. Therefore this animal can fly. The argument is valid but, this argument may not be true. The circular nature of the world would be the strength of deductive argument which holds the conclusion where it

  1. Evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of reason as a way of knowing. ...

    to draw the line between whether which one is right and which one is not. Even though inductive reasoning allows us to have different predictions and assumption, there are also limitations shown in the area of knowledges of Maths and Science.

  2. Evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of reason as a way of knowing

    What distinguishes a good generalisation from a bad generalisation? The remaining part of the essay is aimed on solving these questions as well as examining the three forms of reasoning ? inductive, deductive and informal ? in different areas of knowledge in order to come up with a conclusion whereby

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work