• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

ToK- Sense perception

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

To what extent does Sense perception and Reason help us to answer the question "Is this knowledge true?" in Natural Sciences & Ethics? Everyday we use different ways of knowing in order to help us gain knowledge. However, to what extent is this knowledge we gain true? Each way of knowing has its own flaws that can prove our gained knowledge from a specific area of knowledge to be unreliable. When discussing the issue "To what extent does Sense perception & Reasoning help us gain true knowledge in the Natural Sciences and Ethics", it is crucial to note that natural sciences are an area of knowledge known to be the study of the natural world around us. Natural sciences, a broad area of knowing, can be broken down into three general known sciences - Chemistry, Physics and Biology. Ethics is another area of knowledge; the ways of knowing are the ways in which we gain knowledge - sense perception and reasoning are two ways of knowing. Sense perception is when we use our five senses to gain knowledge, whilst reasoning is when we make meaning to explain what we think by changing or improving our opinions/ideas. These two ways of knowing have limitations in finding the truth about Natural sciences and Ethics. ...read more.

Middle

However I later realised that this factor is indeed relevant because in fact, it affects the room temperature and thus, can possibly affect the rate of the chemical reaction that I am attempting to carry out. In a similar situation, the observations made from an experiment can be biased depending on the expectations of the person who is carrying out the experiment. Expectations can influence what we see. An example of this is in the same situation with the metal and acid experiment. If I strongly believed that the reaction would produce some kind of noise, I would claim to hear some sort of a noise, even though if another person were to conduct the same experiment (without expecting any sound), they would not hear one. Although sense perception has many flaws and can often cause us to gain knowledge that is not necessarily true, when paired with other ways of knowing such as reason, the knowledge we gain is more reliable and more likely to be true. Reason, as a way of knowing, is when we ourselves create meaning to explain what we think, by changing or improving our opinions/ideas. There are three types of reasoning: Inductive, Deductive and Informal. The two types of reasoning used in the Natural Sciences particularly, are inductive and deductive reasoning. ...read more.

Conclusion

An example where the first law is used is that when I was nine years old, I felt like stealing a pen from a small minimart because it was so pretty, but then I decided not to because I thought about how if everyone stole pens from the same minimart, the minimart owner would be very upset and would lose a lot of money, my nine year old ethics didn't want the minimart owner to be upset. A second example where the second law is used is that I expect people to respect me whilst I am talking instead of interrupting, and so I don't interrupt others whilst they are in the middle of saying something. There are many different ways of knowing that can be used in each area of knowledge to ensure that the knowledge we gain is true and reliable. These other ways of knowing include Language and Emotion. However, Sense perception and Reason, when used together in a single area of knowledge, such as the Natural Sciences/Ethics, help make knowledge more truthful. Each way of knowing helps to cancel out the limitations of the other way of knowing that they are paired with. It would be impossible to gain knowledge, true or not if it weren't for the ways of knowing. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Theory of Knowledge section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Theory of Knowledge essays

  1. Art assignment TOK

    I think that Gim just wanted to add some humor to art and to the viewer, as many works of art are deeply sentimental and emotional, which I found very satisfiying. In your contemporary gallery wanderings, choose two pieces of work you consider to be 'good' and two you consider bad art.

  2. Essay on perception for TOK. Descartes believed that our senses could be deceived in ...

    "So, do we really respond to a thing? Don't we respond' only the electrical and chemical events that occur in the brain and nerves, and not to the alleged real object? Therefore, it is not things we are experiencing but chemical and electrical reactions.

  1. To what extent does Emotion colour our perception

    It is this influence that affects our perception. But the degree of this is always variable depending on the type of emotion and how the individual themselves can cope with it.

  2. The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-time Perception Deception

    trying to be so is a futile attempt as feelings matter to humans, and are likely to be consulted when important choices are being made. When someone is asked to choose between a red sweater and a yellow sweater, one might choose the red sweater because s/he just likes it better.

  1. Is the nature of sense perception such that, as Huxley suggests, sensations are essentially ...

    But I know that an elephant has 4 legs and the saxophonist is a man! This is because I have clear ideas about elephants. A blind can't see with eyes but he can see through the other senses. He can read through touch and Brail writing and also play the piano with audio memory.

  2. What do you expect to gain from the T.O.K course?

    Additionally, I hope to be able to determine the difference between a factual based claim and a claim solely backed by opinion.

  1. Sense of perception

    Such as Arab-speaking countries will need people who are able to communicate with the Arab language more than the English language thus enforcing a change within cultures and language. Culture can also teach a person to smell, taste, and touch and hear throughout their own perspective.

  2. Knowledge gives us a sense of who we are. To what extent is this ...

    But, is there an area of knowledge, in particular that is closer to the ?true? identity of the person or does all knowledge contribute to the sense of who we are with equal strength? Does knowledge that come by way of emotion or sense perception occupy a large share of

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work