• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Tok Work

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

"Evaluate the role of intuition in different areas of knowledge" Intuition being itself an abstract concept, evaluating its role in the different areas of knowledge is a very challenging task. The very act of such evaluation implies the use of the faculty of reason, whfich as we shall see implied in the definition of intuition, is the anti-thesis of intuition. Intuition has been defined in philosophy as a way of knowing or cognition independent of experience or reason. It implies knowing something instinctively without actual evidence of it. Terms, such as perception, insight, sixth sense, awareness, clairvoyance, hunch, etc. to be found in any thesaurus, attempt to indicate the various meanings of intuition. Among the ways of knowing, emotion and perception in relation to the knower appear to be relevant in respect of intuition. The concept of intuition appears to have originated from two sources; namely, the mathematical idea of an axiom, which is an area of knowledge in its own right, and the mystical idea of revelation. An axiom can be defined as a self-evident proposition that requires no proof, and revelation can be considered to be a truth that surpasses the power of the intellect. The dilemma here is that this very intellect is attempting to evaluate the role of intuition in the areas of knowledge. In Greek philosophy, Pythagoras and his followers, who were trained in mathematics, attached considerable significance to intuition. ...read more.

Middle

Two earlier estimates regarding the age of the earth as just several million years were toppled when the descriptive sciences of biology and geology were compelled to defer to the more exact science of physics, when radioactive dating revealed the earth's age to be a few billion years1. The philosopher John Locke did not believe in intuition or innate knowledge, while the early twentieth century Italian philosopher and statesman, Benedetto Croce, emphasized the importance of intuition in art and freedom of expression in the development of civilization. The often heard of phrase "all of a sudden, it hit me!" points to the experience of many artists and scientists when, after years of struggle with a problem or riddle, the answer erupted from their sub-conscious mind in a flash of recognition, in their finer moments of quietude following the futile and frustrating moments of their struggle to solve the problem. This experience is described as a stroke of lightning when reason and logic reached its limits and intuition took the person a step further. It is perhaps the creative part of the mind originating in the recesses of the sub-conscious revealing itself under the right circumstances. In 1999, the world chess champion, Garry Kasparov, had challenged chess enthusiasts everywhere through an internet project named "Kasparov versus the World". He had competed two highly publicized chess matches against Deep Blue, which was a super computer designed to play chess. ...read more.

Conclusion

All experiences must pass as thought processes of an individual. Until this process of becoming ceases, the pure being in itself can not reveal itself. Bereft of this constant shuttling between the past and the future, in the living reality of the present moment, which is the real unimagined experience of every person, where no thought prevails, the light of intuition may get an opportunity to shine by itself without the aberrance of the subject-object duality. Intuition is an extremely subjective experience, if it may be called an experience at all. It would be extremely difficult or almost impossible to understand or judge the intuition of another person. This poses a great difficult in verifying someone's claim to intuitive knowledge. Therefore, there is always a danger of false claims to intuitive knowledge. One comes to realize from the afore-mentioned discussion that even though intuition appears to pervade virtually all the areas of knowledge, its deeply interwoven connection with the emotional and spiritual dimension of knowledge renders an evaluation of its role in the areas of knowledge an exceedingly complex and daunting task. It is as subtle, profound and difficult to comprehend as the insight of the Sufi mystics and the oriental seers of yore like Lao Tzu and the "rishis" of the Upanishads. An attempt is made here to encapsulate freely the ideology of the Oriental philosophers of the Upanishads on the nexus between reason and intuition. Words: 1468 Foot notes 1. 1 Lawrence Badash, Professor, History of Science, The Age of the Earth Debate, Scientific American, Inc. (August 1989) 2. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Theory of Knowledge section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Theory of Knowledge essays

  1. TOK summer assignment - Art Questions. Experiencing art, artists reputations and "what is ...

    An artist's fame and reputation is typically important in how most people judge art. The majority of the public actually interested in viewing art in museums would normally want to see the works of more famous artists and those who have a strong reputation in art, rather than the ones with a lower reputation.

  2. Evaluate the role of intuition in different areas of knowledge

    Sometimes this hunch works, most often not. But a wrong answer is not a necessary failure. You always need to start somewhere and that's where intuition helps. It becomes the hypothesis and if incorrect you learn that this was not the way to solve the problem. Now you have one choice less and are one step closer to the correct answer.

  1. Is Mathematics Invention or Discovery?

    In economy, an economist observes the past performance of an economy and sees the effect of increased government spending. In literature, Charles Dickens had a deep insight into the social inequality in the Victorian Age in his novels. Furthermore the deep insight of the mathematicians may not be appreciated by others.

  2. Critical Evaluation

    wants to accomplish the task of promoting the electric that his division is currently developing. This source contains plenty of articles on cars and future fuel efficient products however this article promotes the use of the future electric car. It contains a citation from Tony Posawatz, "We have devoted significant

  1. work based project

    ward's policies and make certain that the project did not compromise the service users wellbeing and reserve that I would be ethically aware at all times. My main aim was to make sure that the service users had a say in the development of the activity that was going to be chosen.

  2. Compare and contrast the epistemological positions of the rationalists and empiricists

    the belief that there is an entity, I, which is doing all the doubting. For the mental process of doubting to exist, there must be one entity which is doing it. This, he claimed, will be the foundation of knowledge.

  1. How Does Biomechatronics Work?

    These electrodes can be implanted into the brain or connected to the nerves of the user. They listen for electric activity inside the brain or from the nerves; they then send an electrical signal to move a piece of machinery or even to move a cursor on a computer screen.

  2. We want to investigate on whether the development of computer technology brings more positive ...

    knows that power is unimaginable, as it is a common platform for everyone from all over the world to communicate and interact and revolutions against the country can be easily started; it does this because of fear. However, people who live in China don?t know what is happening around them

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work