• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What are good reasons and bad reasons for funding scientific research ? Refer to science in public domains (astronomy , etc ..) and in private domains (drug and chemical companies). When science is an investment for profit, can it still be good science

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐What are good reasons and bad reasons for funding scientific research ? Refer to science in public domains (astronomy , etc ..) and in private domains (drug and chemical companies). When science is an investment for profit, can it still be good science ? Scientific research ?consists of inquiries, observations and experiments?.[1] The aim of scientific research is of gaining knowledge in order to improve our life and understand our world. It helps people understand why certain things occur, how things work and why they look in a specific way. Scientific research is very important especially in relation with our health, as it can help save or prolong life. Science is used in laboratories to research all kind of problems, as for example cancer research.[2] Science is used in the 21st century in everyday life, as for examples computers or cellphones, and in order to develop it is fundamental that we continue research, improve and invent new technologies. To fund means to provide money, or in other words to furnish a fund. ...read more.


This reason of using a private domain to fund research, and use financial motivation to motivate and consequently increase performance can be very effective. It is difficult to determine whether a reason for scientific research is 'good' or 'bad' because all scientific research can bring benefits to the worlds population. For example, the development of Humulin, a form of insulin which helps people suffering of diabetes mellitus, one might argue that it is a 'good' reason and a bad one as well. Many could dispute that this research, as most biotechnology, was conducted mainly for the sake of the profits it would have provided and only secondarily for the science and human benefits it would have brought. This shows that commercial research does not direct its funding to the most urgent or useful problems in society but rather regards with more important the projects which will bring higher profit. This may be a reason for which one could say private domain funding is based on 'bad' reasons, because profit driven research does not enable scientists to concentrate on urgent problems. ...read more.


Also another point which can be argued is that private domain could cut corners in order to achieve results quicker and have less costs. In order that scientific research is valuable one must take close attention and try and make experiments are reliable and accurate as possible. However, this can take a long time and some times, especially in profit funded research, scientists are forced to conduct research in the least amount of time, not having the possibility to for example test results efficiently. This is why private domain research can be classified as 'bad'. I believe that instead of calling this 'bad' science, private funded research, we should differ 'good' and 'bad' research based on the way in which scientists have arrived to their results. Both public and private domains are able for one reason or the other to cut corners and produce useless research. 'Bad' science occurs when research is not conducted in the appropriate way. This is more likely to happen with private domain funding, because there is a strong common reason/goal which drives people to do this research quickly and not for the right simple scope of scientific knowledge. ________________ [1]http://www.ehow.com/about_6137969_importance-scientific-research.html [2]http://wiki.answers.com/Q/How_does_science_relate_to_your_everyday_lives ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Theory of Knowledge section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Theory of Knowledge essays

  1. Is Greed good?

    Thanks to the firms' strong drive for better products and services, we, customers, have been able to enjoy a more convenient lifestyle. However, psychologically, one's ethnic judgment can be disturbed by greed.

  2. For some people science is the supreme form of all knowledge. Is this view ...

    As ethics and art develop over time, previous ideas are not refuted as seen happening with natural sciences. For example, in Europe between the years of 1600 to 1750 Vivaldi, Handel and Bach dominated the music industry in what was the Baroque period.

  1. Is Psychology a Science? According to one of the articles read in class, Is ...

    Laboratory experiments in psychology are said to lack ecological validity anyway, so we cannot apply it to real life, unlike with the other fundamental sciences where this would not be a problem.

  2. Describe the development of a scientific theory, highlighting the process involved. Differentiate between ...

    not know much about science, so the public did not took it seriously but was Charles Darwin brought something new to the theory of evolution, a mechanism called natural selection. He noticed the competition between the species happens due to each specie produce more offspring than can survive in a

  1. Justification, what distinguishes a good justification from a bad one?

    When it comes to the number of planets orbiting the Sun, whether or not I believe it, does not change the fact that it is true. Unlike belief, justification is required when it comes to knowledge. Even though you may have true belief, in order to be able to say

  2. Defining and Analyzing Mixed Method Johnson and Christensen (2007) describe mixed research as the ...

    Defining and Analyzing Quantitative method Last, Creswell (1994) defines quantitative research as a survey design provide a quantitative or numeric description of some fraction of the population, the sample trough the data process of asking questions of people. Often, these studies have many participants and have a large number of participants because this gives analysis more statistical power.

  1. In Bernard Lonergans book, the Method in Theology, the importance of various factors that ...

    It is when you answer to what is understood and interpret your opinion towards the object or situation. This is based on two main classes, agreeable or disagreeable and the values of one person Values transcend into our response by selecting an object for the sake of asking what?s good?,

  2. Finding the Good Life - the examples of Siddartha and Martin Luther King.

    Although they were both using each other Siddhartha seemed to think that leaving her would help him achieve Nirvana. He not only broke her heart, but also unknowingly left her pregnant with their son. By leaving his Kamala, Siddhartha abandoned what could have been a key part of his good life: a loving relationship with his son.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work