• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What I tell you three times is true. (Lewis Carroll) Might this formula or a more sophisticated version of it actually determine what we believe to be true?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

"What I tell you three times is true." (Lewis Carroll) Might this formula - or a more sophisticated version of it - actually determine what we believe to be true? The moment one reads Lewis's quote, they may immediately reject it to the point that it is considered bizarre. They may argue that no matter how many times someone says something about a particular subject, it will not change the 'real' truth and that repetition is not adequate to change ones belief or perception of the 'truth'. The reality of the matter is that a statement must not necessarily have to be true for a person to believe that it is true, rather a statement can be entirely untrue, and yet people can believe in the statement to be true. However in some cases it common to find that what people perceive to be true is simply as a result of them hearing the same thing over and over again. If people were asked whether Muslims eat pork, it may be that the person knows this simply because they have heard it numerous number of times. This brings light to the fact that mere repetition could be a significant way of knowing. ...read more.

Middle

In the natural sciences, the 'truth' can be deduced through experimentation and consequently deduction as opposed to simply inducing 'true' knowledge from repetitive secondary information. Deductive reasoning is whereby a 'true' conclusion is drawn as a result of previously given information being true. In physics, students have the opportunity to experiment and arrive at conclusions to determine certain laws and concepts. During these experiments, we usually attempt to acquire the most accurate results by repeating the same experiments through several trails by altering the independent variables. Through this repetition, we obtain the most accurate proof that is required to approve or disprove various theories, laws and concepts. At the same time, the repetition of similar conclusion often formulates what we believe to be true in the natural sciences. In the first trimester of my diploma program, in physics class, one of my projects was to explain Newton's First Law of Motion, which states "The velocity of a body remains constant unless the body is acted upon by an external force". I was required to test this law by experimentation and present my findings to the whole class. In doing so, I was able to confirm Newton's First Law of Motion using a marble and various surfaces of wooden planks. ...read more.

Conclusion

that the war increased tensions in Europe, while the other three sources stated that the increased tensions were as a result of the rise of new ideologies, namely Fascism and Bolshevism. Thus repeated statements were counter productive as one set of repetitions stated one side while another set supported an alternate side. Thus Carroll's statement lacks consistency in its reference to repetition because there is no given solution to when one comes across two contradicting repetitions. We can therefore conclude that Carroll's statement can be applied in history as far as the basic facts are concerned but cannot venture beyond that and delve deeper into history. In conclusion, Lewis's statement has shown occurrences in the natural sciences through repetition resulting from deductive and inductive reasoning that could potentially determine what we believe to be true. However, emotional attachment to specific hypothesis often cause confirmation bias leading to flawed 'truths'. Furthermore, despite our reliance on induced conclusions from repetitive results, induction is a logic that cannot achieve absolute truth. Additionally, in history, while repetition could be an effective method to arrive at induced conclusions of what we believe to be true, the repetition of contradictory views due to emotional bias leads to a lack of complexity and sophistication to determine what we believe to be true. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Theory of Knowledge section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Theory of Knowledge essays

  1. People Need To Believe that order can be glimpsed in the chaos of events

    So finding answers seem to be a need for us- some may even suggest that it is what drives us forward in life. In a life where we are surrounded with biological, physical and chemical events we need to find the answers behind them for us to feel at rest.

  2. "What I tell you three times is true." (Lewis Carroll) Might this formula - ...

    followers stories, that through time have being accepted as truth, although not entirely justifiable. Teaching is something that is very repetitive. At the young age of 10, most children have or are learning their times tables. It is through the repetition and recitation that one learns their times tables.

  1. There are no absolute distinctions between what is true and false. Discuss.

    However, it may be said here that not all knowledge is true- the community may settle on some untruths in the short run and may be blinded by myopia in knowledge concerns and dogma and basic reluctance to question the core beliefs- thus resulting in inertia.

  2. ToK presentation

    For example one of the key tools of a dictator, or a similar state, is to use media to indoctrinate the public onto their side. Schoolbooks were given an anti-Jewish spin under Goebbels' propaganda campaign. Radio stations played Hitler's speeches over and over again; books that argued with any of

  1. Knowledge is a true organ of sight

    the fact that without at least some previous knowledge what one will see make no sense at all. What we see becomes relevant due to the knowledge we have, but if one had no initial knowledge nothing would be relevant, therefore knowledge was gained thru initial analyzation by different sources.

  2. A historian must combine the rigour of the scientist with the imagination of the ...

    When using sources, one has to test not only the authenticity of the source, but also the veracity and reliability. Naturally, questionable and unreliable source material is discarded. We also have to consider time as an aspect of a historians interpretation.

  1. There are no absolute distinctions between what is true and what is false. Discuss

    Scientists gain truth from experiments consistency. However, in experiments there are weaknesses, humans make mistakes. This may be covered by repeating the experiments but the mistakes we make can still be different in every attempt. How do we know that our observation is the same as everyone else?

  2. Defining and Analyzing Mixed Method Johnson and Christensen (2007) describe mixed research as the ...

    might be a need to alter their methodological approach to understand the realm of leadership. Furthermore, past research methods used in leadership studies were based upon the view point that there is a quantifiable link between leadership effectiveness and organizational earnings.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work