• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

When you encounter a controversial knowledge claim,such as that the moon landings were faked,or that we shold not experiment on animals,how do you evaluate wether or not to accept it as true? (Do some ways of knowing have more influence in making your jud

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

TOK Essay Alba Ramaj Topic:`When you encounter a controversial knowledge claim,such as that the moon landings were faked,or that we shold not experiment on animals,how do you evaluate wether or not to accept it as true? (Do some ways of knowing have more influence in making your judgement? Or is authority and the group you indentify with more important) When we first began the TOK course,i remember that one of the first thing we discussed about this subject is the open discussion we could do,expressing our knowledge and deal in the same time with others knowledge.As a result,controversial knowledge is present almost in each discussion we have in real life. What knowledge is? What do we understand with knowledge claim? Knowledge; according to Plato; it can be summarized in three words: justified,true, and belief where the truth it is objective (based on facts) and belief is subjective (represent our opinion).I can say i know something if i believe in it,if it is true and if i can justify it by giving some evidence.This definition of knowledge has become the most popular definition ever. Justifying means the reason and evidence that we give to make stronger our claim if something is true or not for example:In Moon Landing documetary ...read more.

Middle

true fact were strong and convicing in the masses,it can be mentioned the sky without stars,the wind which caused the movement of the flag, the movement of sand particles while the austronauts walked,the video which showed that Moon Landing was created in a studio or to show that USA gained against USSR.But still the fact that the trip to Moon is continuing in present,the live transmittion of Moon Landing in all the TV and the fact that USSR didn`t oppose it,make the claim that Moon Landing is true stay stronger as well.In both claims we should use reasons to justify them.As Descartes believed the only way to achieve certainity and knowledge was to follow the path of reason.But the evidence given created a moderate scepticism which represents a non extreme scepticism,it simply holds that we cannot be sure that any of our beliefs are true.There were people that believed that Moon landing was fake,other thought it was true and others were sceptic.The phenomenon of justifying your beliefs and your knowledge claims by using reason it is called rationalism.People can say that Moon Landing was true maybe because they might be Americans and they want this to be true.This way of knowing it is called emotion.But people who used to ...read more.

Conclusion

stop the experiments on them for the only reason that there was no other solution to develop science; by using 100 animals can be saved 100000 human lifes; science was trying to find the right formula through computers system and at the moment that this would be achieved experiments on animals would stop automatically.Basically,what was he trying to say was that animals are important,but not as important as humans and that we need these kind of testing to prevent any catastrophic health situation within us.The boy convinced the masses,and as a my conclusion i think that rationalism,reason is more convincing and stronger than emotions in n knowledge claim. Sense perception is also one of the most important things in TOK.Knowledge gained throught observing and experimenting which is tightly related to sense perception. The problem is that our senses,can be not accurate (optical illusions); as a result all we gained through sense perception can be wrong and we can be sceptic about what we know. But i must highlight that it is too difficult to use one of each way of knowing when you argue,usually they are found mix,reason mixed with emotion,language and sense perception.The most important question that remains is:`how can be sure that we know what we know?` ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate Theory of Knowledge section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate Theory of Knowledge essays

  1. How can different ways of knowing help us to distinguish between something that is ...

    perception of what is right and wrong truth just like the story of the poem "blind men and the elephant '' by John Godfrey Saxe which is basically talks about six blind men who went to see elephant. The first man touched the elephant's broad and sturdy side and he

  2. What I tell you three times is true. (Lewis Carroll) Might this formula ...

    With each type of wood, I carried out three trials and averaged them to ensure accuracy, which eventually allowed me to accept Newton's First Law of Motion as being 'true'. Therefore through experimentation we are able to deduce repeated results, which could then determine what we believe to be 'true'.

  1. TOK notes. The problem of knowledge There are three ...

    Meaning as know-how Since the theories all have shortcomings, meaning is a matter of know-how. You know the true meaning of a word when you know how to use it correctly. We also need to understand what a sentence means before we can decide whether it is true or false.

  2. How can the different ways of knowing help us to distinguish between something that ...

    Through the way in which language is used it may be very persuasive and can change our view on something as well as help us differentiate the truth from the believed truth. For example news no matter what form of media; radio, TV and newspapers, is used to report it language is always used.

  1. Are some ways of knowing more likely than others to lead to truth?

    the truth or falsity of its premises, which in sense leads me to qualify the laws of logic as somewhat contradicting or not completely reliable. However, induction and deduction are powerful ways of approximating to the truth due to their dependency on past experiences and their consistency respectively.

  2. The possession of knowledge carries an ethical responsibility. Evaluate this claim.

    However there are people that say that knowing that the child has this disease can also bring about negative effects to both the child and the parents. It can cause stress, angst, fear, etc. In this case it is important to note that the knowledge can outweigh the negative effects

  1. Examine the Claim That It Is Possible to Attain Knowledge Despite Problems of Bias ...

    If I am affected, others will be as well as I am. However, as one claim always has its two-sidedness, the counter claim of this issue is that knowledge can be attained despite problems of bias and selection.

  2. The Possession of Knowledge carries an Ethical Responsibility. Evaluate this claim.

    Religious guidelines require the followers to stay away from activities that are against their religion?s moral values. Followers of certain religions believe that God may send temptations and disasters on a party in order to test their faith, allowing them to learn the hard way.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work