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International Baccalaureate: World Literature

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  1. Frankenstein Commentary Essay

    I wished, as it were, to procrastinate all that related to my feelings of affection until the great object, which swallowed up every habit of my nature should be completed. I then thought that my father would be unjust if he ascribed my neglect to vice or faultiness on my part, but I am now convinced that he was justified in conceiving that I should not altogether be free from blame. A human being in perfection ought always to preserve a calm and peaceful mind and never to allow passion or a transitory desire to disturb his tranquility.

    • Word count: 2132
  2. Points of View in the "The Woman Warrior" written by Maxine Hong Kingston

    These qualities are embodied in Kingston?s memoirs; for example ?Not everybody thinks I?m nothing. I am not going to be a slave or a wife. Even if I am stupid and talk funny and get sick, I won?t let you turn me into a slave or a wife. I?m getting out of here.? (201). This quote comes from a rant that Kingston blurts out at the dinner table towards her mother. With the use of the particular point of view the reader is engaged and is able to feel the anguish and anger felt by Kingston, not only towards her mother but also to the invisible world of Chinese customs as well.

    • Word count: 2425
  3. Carol Ann Duffy attacks men in The Worlds Wife

    However, in ?The World?s Wife?, the title already hints at the main perspective of the collection and with the assembly of poems, of which each contains certain experiences made by women, it creates an atmosphere of a female gathering. This creation of a female space is a reversal of conventional gender constructions in which the male voice dominates the literary cannon. Within ?The World?s Wife?, Duffy moves away from the gender convention of males dominating the literary voice. ------------------------------ DELILAH In the poem, ?Delilah?, which is a retelling of the biblical story of Samson, an unrivalled hero of Israel famed

    • Word count: 2443
  4. Khaled Hosseinis The Kite Runner shows how the persistent and somewhat altruistic characters can obtain courage and strength of character because of their struggles.

    Clearly, the challenges of all three characters can help them gain courage and strength of character to successfully cope with the hardships in the future. Baba?s courage and strength are shown and are persistent throughout his life. Through his experiences and hardships, Baba strengthens his character and further develops the already present courage that he possesses. To begin, Baba demonstrates courage when he refuses to surrender his ambition of building an orphanage. Although ?skeptics had urged him to stop his foolishness and hire an architect.

    • Word count: 2090
  5. In both the novel Nineteen Eight - Four written by George Orwell and The Lives of Others created by Florian vonDonnersmarck, there are many hidden and significant symbols that reveal many reoccurring patterns

    In both the novel Nineteen Eight - Four written by George Orwell and The Lives of Others created by Florian vonDonnersmarck, there are many hidden and significant symbols that reveal many reoccurring patterns and show many important themes as well. The setting in both is in a powerful totalitarian regime. In this type of government there is the sole leader that has complete and utter control over its inhabitants. Therefore, because of this immense amount of power the leader slowly starts to become corrupt.

    • Word count: 2222
  6. Work in Translation - An examination of ornamental symbols used to reinforce character in, A Dolls House, by Henrik Ibsen

    The tree is representative of Nora?s being as a centrally visual object, directly relaying false appearances of reality she imposes in the household, and ultimately in society. With the first line of the play, Nora instigates strict importance on how the Christmas tree is not to be exposed, as she wishes that ?the children do not see it until this evening, when it is dressed? (1). Similarly, Nora assures Torvald that ?nobody is to have the chance of admiring [her] in [her] dress until tomorrow? (47).

    • Word count: 2002
  7. In the novel Anna des, troubled times were occurring for the people in Hungary in the early 1920s and the recent years before it. Dezs Kosztolnyi

    Throughout the novel, Dr. Moviszter shows a sense of compassion towards servants and displays support for human equality, which helps explain the reasoning behind the statement he made at the trial. By stating that Anna was treated as ?not a human being but a machine?, and that her masters treated her ?without humanity?, Dr. Moviszter shows a sense of empathy for Anna, and also brings attention to plausible reasons for her actions. From the doctor?s expression of understanding towards Anna, one is able to draw the conclusion that he does not believe individuals should be treated differently based off of classes they are placed in.

    • Word count: 2310
  8. Narrative Devices: The Necessary Failures of King Saul in the Old Testament.

    This notion connects Saul to the literary text as a narrative device. The narrator of 1 and 2 Samuel could have just as easily skipped or belittled Saul?s arc to exonerate God?s selection of King, or even merely mention the laconic information of David?s arc to further emphasize the virtues of a Great King, for example; David did A, but more importantly he did not do B. The narrator, however, includes Saul as a major narrative component for the transition of Judge to King, his characterization being the driving force of the narrative progression and leading directly to the finale of his eventual failure and the successful reign of David.

    • Word count: 2111
  9. Two Kinds by Amy Tan and Under Pressure by Carl Honor are two texts which both examine the significance and underlying meanings of a mother-daughter relationship.

    The story is based on the complex as well as unfavorable relationship between a mother and daughter. Under Pressure in contrast is a self-help book with a didactic purpose, which explains how pushing children too hard at an early age will eventually backfire on the parents and society as a whole. Both extracts were written for adults. Especially parents, teachers and counselors will benefit from reading Under Pressure. While Two Kinds appeals to pathos, Under Pressure informs the reader using scientific facts to support a purpose.

    • Word count: 2020
  10. "Wine of Astonishments" Describe the kind of person Eva is and consider Earl Lovelaces purpose in using her as the narrator

    and when he realizes that Bolo has to be sacrificed (125-27). She is the one who consults with Bee before he makes big decisions. Through feeling Bee?s struggles herself, Eva is also very protective of Bee. She defends her husband when the children begin to question his manliness and authority. As mother, she tries to interpret their father?s behavior to them. She say to Taffy ?Just be glad you not a man in these times boy,? She tries to explain to her sons that having the authority of a man in these times was a burden, only worsened by the oppressive colonial system which seemed almost impossible to overthrow.

    • Word count: 2165
  11. Analysis of The Train from Rhodesia by Nadine Gordimer

    As the paragraph progresses, Gordimer writes how the sand ?close[s] over the children?s black feet softly and without imprint?(41). The choice of the diction used to illustrate the children?s feet as ?black? emphasizes that Gordimer is forcefully trying to stress how dirty, thus poor, the natives really are. What Gordimer also deliberately implements is the imagery of the children leaving no imprint in the sand. Suggestively, the image created represents how powerless and non-existent they are in this society as they leave without an imprint in the sand. Similarly, new characters are introduced from the train and station to signify the helplessness of the natives and show their astringent lives.

    • Word count: 2969
  12. Comparison of Violence in The Catcher in the Rye with Their Eyes Were Watching God

    One of the key examples of this is Holden?s constant use of swear words throughout his journey in the novel. While some readers may dismiss this as mere immaturity of a young adult, there is a deeper meaning behind why Holden uses such words. Most of these insults are commonly directed towards things or people that Holden perceived as useless or ?phony.? Holden gives an example that ?One of the biggest reasons I left Elkton Hills was because I was surrounded by phonies.

    • Word count: 2972
  13. Portrayal of Food in Literature

    ?For months now they'd served themselves from the stove, and he'd taken his plate into the study, letting the meal grow cold on his desk before shoving it into his mouth without pause, while Shoba took her plate to the living room and watched game shows.? (8) Lahiri uses food in this story to contrast the emotional state of Shoba before and after the stillbirth of the child. The deficiency and surplus of food supplies serves to display the ups and downs in the emotional state with excess signifying marital bliss, while deficiency marital failure.

    • Word count: 2591
  14. In The Chrysalids by John Wyndham creates two comparable societies, Waknuk and Sealand. These two settlements are vastly different

    The traffic in the streets was strange, carts running with no horses to pull them; and sometimes there were things in the sky, shiny fish-shaped things that certainly were not birds?. I could somehow be dreaming about times long ago?.it might be that what I was seeing was a bit of the world as it had been once upon a time? the wonderful world that the Old People had lived in; as it had been before God sent Tribulation. (Wyndham, 7)

    • Word count: 2269
  15. Fate-al Flaw. Sophocless Oedipus Rex and Shakespeares Othello are characters commonly referred to as tragic heroes.

    Iokaste was trying to outwit Fate by killing the baby, but Fate had other plans. If Iokaste had kept the baby instead of sending him away to die, Oedipus would have grown up knowing his true parents. Possibly, Fate could have been better tested if the truth was revealed sooner. Because Iokaste did not keep the baby and the truth was not revealed to Oedipus until it was too late?Fate won. The shepherd who was charged with hanging Iokaste?s baby on the mountainside committed the act of hubris by overriding her decision to kill him.

    • Word count: 2108
  16. What is the work to be done? Commentary on the poems of Alan Ginsberg

    In ?America? Ginsberg addresses the country it's flaws to stop the human war also known as the Cold War. Ginsberg tells America that she needs to end this war so there can be peace throughout the whole world or else we'll never come together and destroy ourselves. I'm going to prove that Ginsberg addresses us with varied issues in his poems ,and wants us to do something for the earth. Have you ever thought about the earth? Have you thought of if it is well or not? Are we human beings treating the earth as it deserves or do we treat is disrespectfully?

    • Word count: 2838
  17. How does Browning bring vividly to life the men and their relationships in Porphyrias Lover and My Last Duchess?

    The majority of the lines contain four iambic feet, though a few are pentasyllabic. The unusual rhyming structure used seems to be the first hint of the speaker?s mental discord, as it is his narrating voice that we are following. A factor that further heightens this, as yet hypothesis, about the narrator?s instability is the enjambment that is used throughout the poem. It reveals his unaffected, lackadaisical nature that relates to something that one truly should not be indifferent to. ? ?and all her hair In one long yellow string I wound Three times her little throat around, And strangled her.? This shows how unnaturally nonchalant and disorderly his thought processes are, his morbid un-emotionality piques our interest and causes the character to seem truly vivid.

    • Word count: 2320
  18. Reflection of Society in the "Grapes of Wrath"

    The family finds a barn for refuge until the rain stops. In the corner of the barn there are a starving man and a boy. Ma and Rose of Sharon realize what they must do. Rose of Sharon gives the dying man her breast milk. As we can see, the themes of religion, humanitarian, and feminism are all visible in this brief chapter. To begin with, the final statements of the Grapes of Wrath by John Steinbeck clearly exemplify the religious themes that the part symbolizes. This part brings the light of Jesus into the book.

    • Word count: 2738
  19. To what extent does Guy de Maupassant show sympathy for Madame Loisel in 'The Necklace'?

    minor civil servants.? The use of the phrase ?one of those? suggest that she is not as special as the author makes her to be but the author has not yet answered what makes her worthy of this story. Maupassant also mentions that she was born poor ?by some error of Fate,? implying that Madame Loisel doesn?t deserve to be born poor and that because she could not help it, and thus, the readers should feel sorry for her. He then goes on to say that ?she had no dowry, no expectations, no means of meeting some rich, important man.?

    • Word count: 2532
  20. The Old English epic poem Beowulf demonstrates the Anglo-Saxon ideal of leadership as personified in a legendary hero,

    The Old English epic poem Beowulf demonstrates the Anglo-Saxon ideal of leadership as personified in a legendary hero, Beowulf (Napierkowski 505). The Beowulf poet uses a variety of phrases to describe the heroic Beowulf such as ?no one else like him alive? (196), ?mightiest man on earth? (197), and ?highborn and powerful? (198). To pursue glory, the hero ?performs prodigies of strength and courage?, and he is determined to battle until he breathes his last breath (Hanning 9). Beowulf?s power represents the full expression of his energy and fury (10).

    • Word count: 2392
  21. Explain how Sskind has used narrative to develop the plot and the characters in part 1 of Perfume

    The use of animals is very important in this novel as it helps the reader understand how the author intended his characters to be portrayed. There are many references to animals throughout the novel which affects the plot. Grenouille was born in a fish market during the 18th century. This was a place that was filled with the foul smell of fish and it an ironic way, this fits in with Grenouille?s character. Moreover, he was born in a ?pile of fish guts? showing that Grenouille was a victim of social decay where society has degraded to the point where babies ? a pure, innocent gift from God ? mattered just has much as fish guts.

    • Word count: 2608
  22. Analysis of Women's Position in "A dolls house" and " Uncle Vanya".

    In A Doll?s House, Ibsen employs the themes and structures of classical tragedy while writing in prose about everyday, unexceptional people. A Doll?s House also manifests Ibsen?s concern for women?s rights, and for human rights in general. Now I will focus on the individual characteristics of each character in the play, starting with Nora, the protagonist. This will help to understand the women position by that time, and the male view towards the family and his wife; meaning the structure of the household by the 19th or 20th century.

    • Word count: 2975
  23. In William Goldings Lord of the Flies, and in John Knowles A Separate Peace, the fact that man will let his inner malevolence dominate if given the chance is demonstrated.

    In the Lord of the Flies, Simon is portrayed as the natural good, or savior of the lot of boys who end up on the island. However, no matter how much good can be in one person, there will always be natural evil that will balance man. ?Sitting before the Lord of the Flies, a stinking, fly-ridden pig's head on a stick, Simon is made to recognize the human nature of the real beast: that he himself has the capacity for evil as well as for good? (Tiger).

    • Word count: 2241
  24. In The Wind in the Willows, author Keneth Grahame portrays each character as having a particular role within an anthropomorphized nuclear family.

    As Mole is underground cleaning his home, Grahame writes that something up above was calling him imperiously" (p.2). This imperious voice is the voice of spring-- a voice that, for Mole, is strong enough to persuade him away from work towards a more inviting outside world. Mole is at once given to his childlike impulses when he obeys the voice of spring and disregards his chores altogether. When Mole reaches the hedge on the far side of the meadow, there is an elderly rabbit standing at the gap waiting to collect a toll payment. Grahame writes that the rabbit "was bowled over in an instant by the impatient and contemtuous Mole, who trotted along the side of the hedge chaffing the other rabbits as they peeped hurriedly from their holes to see what the row was about.

    • Word count: 2207

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