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International Baccalaureate: World Literature

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  1. Kite Runner Relationships - Are Baba's and Amirs betrayals and similarities in their relationships of their servants similar or different? Do you think that's such betrayals are inevitable in the master/servant relationship,?

    Baba lies about fathering Hassan, and Amir refuses to admit he witnessed Hassan get abused. Their betrayals change who they are and how they react, and by exploring context of the novel, the ideologies embedded in society and by analysing their characters, it allows the readers to decide what influenced their decision. Baba and Amir both belong to the ethnic group, known as the Pashtuns. In Afghanistan society, Pashtun people are seen to be more significant than Hazara people (Ali and Hassan). This societal ideology is therefore embedded in the way Baba and Amir thinks.

    • Word count: 1155
  2. Katherine Mansfield - The Garden Party The main theme of the text is the rich familys view on the people from the lower class, and their behavior towards them.

    She felt just like a work-girl." - trying to be like the others, but it's obvious that she don't know the quintessence of working (Cook is in charge of the food, the workers of the marquee, the gardeners and the florist are making the garner look marvellous and she just limits herself to making wrong decisions - like suggesting the wrong place for the marquee - and agreeing to others' decisions: "Don't you agree, Laura?" "Oh I do, mother"). In fact, very few in the family have a proper relationship to anything but their own "problems".

    • Word count: 1022
  3. Melville's "Benito Cereno" - Literary Concepts and Conflicts

    This leaves the reader in an uncertainty with him not knowing whether the true background of the story has been revealed or not. He is left with the question of what would have happened if the Deposition has not served as the key to fit into the lock of complications. As the reader, one has to ask himself whom to trust, and it underlines that nothing is certain. Another example for this is the use of the word "plot" (1173); looking at the meaning of "plot", one can identify two meanings: the first meaning is an intrigue, the second describes the causality of a story.

    • Word count: 851
  4. In the novella, The House on Mango Street, written by Sandra Cisneros, Cisneros uses the minor characters, namely, Geraldo and Alicia, to illustrate the themes of racial prejudice and gender roles.

    Geraldo's character is involved in a hit and run and tragically dies at the hospital he is taken to. Marin, who was the last person to see Geraldo, is questioned "twice [by] the police"; therefore this implies that Cisneros was trying to show how society was trying to find an excuse for Geraldo's death. In addition to this, Cisneros characterizes Geraldo as "just another brazer" or "wetback", suggesting that he is an immigrant who jumped the border. She also uses a rhetorical question, asking "what does it matter?", therefore showing that the death of Geraldo is not important. Cisneros further illustrates the theme of racial prejudice by using the repletion of the phrase "if the surgeon had come", proposing

    • Word count: 688
  5. In Sakis The Open Window storytelling turns into deception as an imaginative young girl perpetrates on an unsuspecting nervous man and even the reader.

    Sappleton's 15 year old niece, Vera, whose name ironically means "truth". Throughout the novel, Saki shows irony through the story's symbol, plot, characters, and deceit for both the character, Mr. Nuttel, and the reader. Saki uses irony throughout even in the stories symbol, the open window. By having the open window, one might expect honesty. In the story, the open window symbolizes Mrs. Sappleton's anguish and heartbreak at the loss of her husband and younger brother, who left to hunt one day and never came back. When the truth is revealed, the open window no longer symbolizes anguish, but the very deceit itself.

    • Word count: 739
  6. Of Mice and men This book tells the story of what happens to men who need, but cannot have, true communication with each other. How complete do you find this as a description of the text?

    The major themes in this culture are violence and solitude. Men mainly have a personal sense of moral obligation, a lack of tolerance and a certain realism as they never express their dreams knowing they won't become true. We can also see from the beginning that men in the ranch are very self-centred and tend to act alone. There is a lot of suspicion between all men and they all keep their distances with the others. The struggle for power is eminent as none of them wants to admit being at the bottom of the hierarchy except Crooks.

    • Word count: 3209
  7. A Biography of Walt Whitman.

    Her parents lived only a few miles away at Cold Spring Harbor, so naturally, Walt often visited them. His grandmother Naomi, or Amy, was a Quakeress who wore plain garments and cap and had a gentle manner. Walt Whitman's father contributed his full share to the making of the poet. The Long Island Whitman's derived from Zechariah Whitman, an English minister who had come to Connecticut in the seventeenth century (Marinacci, Pg 9). His father's claim to fame was being a good friend to Thomas Paine who wrote "Common Sense" (Bengtsson). Walt's mother taught him to read the bible faithfully and to be a good Quaker.

    • Word count: 1776
  8. Waiting for Godot - realism and absurdity.

    The play, Waiting for Godot can be compared to these features in the absurd theatre in various ways. The space in which the scene is set on the play is undefined except for a tree and some rocks, and its time seems to be unimportant since none of the characters seem to have a clear idea of what the past, the present and future are. There is no memories or any evidence of their existence as the time progresses. As well as the characters not being well defined but rather representing a general model of all humans. However, the play shows us serious, deeper social problems, which convey a sense of realism to the audience.

    • Word count: 624
  9. Creative Writing from Sohrabs point of view in "The Kite Runner".

    He talked with the boss or the head officer of Taliban, I didn't even think he was here to save me, I just thought he was a member of the Taliban. Just until I heard my name from his mouth, I thanked god right away. While he entered the room I looked at him as I was dancing. He argued with the officer and then got into a fight with him because the man wanted to take me. I got up and hit the Taliban officer and remembered what my father told me.

    • Word count: 908
  10. Write a missing scene for a Streetcar named Desire and the Glass Menagerie

    A gold diamond and ruby necklace with a double-link rope chain rests delicately on her neck. The ruby appears to pulse and there is an element of simplicity about her appearance which lends itself nicely to her radiance. Her face is made up with a combination of mascara, lipstick and foundation. She is carrying a small red snake skin purse with a starburst design on each side and a shiny gold trim. The men crowded around the centre table lower their voices and gaze at her as she crosses the bar to sit at one of the stools.

    • Word count: 1712
  11. Make a case for whether maternity or paternity is more important in The House of the Spirits.

    The only responsibilities of the women are to nurture the children and take care of the house. It is also seen throughout the novel that the women care for the children and have a closer relationship with them while the men work and take care of business. The mother and daughter relationship is stronger in the novel than the relationship between father and son. As Isabel Allende also emphasizes gender roles, she contributes to this motif of gender roles through the mother- daughter and father-son relationships in the novel. Although in the very beginning Nivea Del Valle's motherly role is not emphasized as heavily as all the other maternity roles in the story, Nivea does still show the maternal side of her character.

    • Word count: 1070
  12. Women in Heart of Darkness Essay. There are only three relatively minor female characters in Heart of Darkness: Marlows aunt, Kurtzs mistress, and Kurtzs "Intended", who was Kurtzs fianc.

    I had an aunt, a dear enthusiastic soul. She wrote: 'It will be delightful. I am ready to do anything, anything for you. It is a glorious idea. I know the wife of a very high personage in the Administration, and also a man who has lots of influence with,' etc. She was determined to make no end of fuss to get me appointed skipper of a river steamboat, if such was my fancy." (page 20) He tells the quote in the context that he was anxious to travel in the trade industry that he did what was unthinkable in those times: he asked a woman for financial assistance.

    • Word count: 990
  13. The society presented in the novel Fahrenheit 451 is described as robotic, and powerless. Ray Bradbury has taken the realistic concept of equality, and wants everyone to be equal, and translated it into a population of robot like beings.

    The world is so overloaded with information that people are unable to think for themselves. The author tries to emulate the effect of distraction by incorporating huge amounts of descriptive language which in parallel to the story, distract the reader from the bigger picture. I feel the major concept the author conveys is the notion that the people have brought on the isolation and robotic way of life themselves. They asked everyone be equal, equally treated, equally educated. This is evident on pages 58 and 59 of the novel, when Chief Beatty and Montag are conversing; "What more easily explained and natural?

    • Word count: 1191
  14. All The World's A Stage - Analysis. All the worlds a stage by William Shakespeare infers that life is predestined. This metaphor suggests that as humans, we go through the several stages of life as actors

    world too wide For his shrunk shank; and his big manly voice, Turning again toward childish treble, pipes And whistles in his sound. Last scene of all, That ends this strange eventful history, Is second childishness and mere oblivion, Sans teeth, sans eyes, sans taste, sans everything. All the world's a stage by William Shakespeare infers that life is predestined. This metaphor suggests that as humans, we go through the several stages of life as actors following a universal script; people do what they are expected to despite individuality, to follow societal rules.

    • Word count: 1119
  15. The Lumber Room - Analysis and interpretation. The Lumber Room is a short story written by Hector Hugh Munro, also known as Saki. He is widely acclaimed for his short stories and is known for featuring children in his stories.

    For example at breakfast, he tells them that there is a frog in his Bread-and-milk. Of course they won't believe him, hence it is not possible. But what the aunt doesn't know is that he had put it there himself, and he therefore knows that he isn't lying. I would like to have seen her face when she saw that frog floating around his bread-and-milk. But he still got punished. But what the aunt did, when one of the children was behaving badly, was coming up with a trip she hadn't told them about, and then excluded that one badly behaving child.

    • Word count: 979
  16. Comparative Essay on the Characterization of Windows and A Devoted Son

    Even though she did not have a lot of money, she was still happy and enjoyed life. She found happiness through playing with her sisters and friends, and from the beauty of nature. None of these things require money. The old man lived with his wealthy son. He had everything money could buy; a nice house, nice car, nice things. One thing that made him very happy was food. He could have any dish he wanted where he lived, but he was not allowed to eat anything he liked. The old man had everything one can acquire with wealth, but none of these things could make him happy.

    • Word count: 637
  17. Ragged Dick and His Success. Unlike other bootblacks, Ragged Dick believed in honesty, and this helped him become more successful than his peers.

    In the end, the clerk was fired for his dishonesty, and the client rewarded Dick fifty extra cents for his trouble (p.14). Dick's morality was even evident in his appearance. Mr. Whitney, a stranger to Dick, spontaneously decided to trust Dick as Frank's tour guide because he believes that "'[Dick] looks honest. He has an open face, and...[can] be depended upon' (Alger, 16).

    • Word count: 623
  18. How victims of globalisation have been presented in poems, novels and films.

    In Heaney's "Digging," the composer's use of structural divisions symbolically supports the process of retreating, exploring his Irish heritage. The exclamation of "by god" and abstract notion of the "old man", for instance, conveys a sense of admiration for the traditional connections between the Irish and their land - "By god, the old man could handle a spade. Just like his old man." The political discourse, however, created by the pen's quality of being "snug as a gun;" and the irony where the pen or the Global is needed to communicate local values; indicates that the composer has accepted that the victimisation of the local is inevitable and inescapable.

    • Word count: 1732
  19. Frankenstein creative writing. A Recount of Victor Frankenstein from Professor Waldmans Perspective

    At that moment, my soul was filled with exultation, I realised that his thirst for knowledge is still immutable, furthermore, he is the now the elixir for future discoveries of mankind by following his honourable father's footsteps. I have gained an extraordinary discipline named Victor Frankenstein. Meeting my long-awaited disciple has brought back mellow memories. Even at this age, I still remember the first time Victor, entered my laboratory. It was the time when the Ingolstadt University was just recently built.

    • Word count: 689
  20. In Pygmalion, Shaw portrays a society in translation, in which progressive notions of femininity clash with more established traditional ideas about gender role.

    In the transforming Victorian society, female independence is not yet achieved. Higgins's arrogant attitude towards woman reveals the traditional gender stereotype by the society. "The girl doesn't belong to anybody-is no use to anybody but me," he says. Higgins, in saying Eliza doesn't "belong" to anyone, implies that a young woman should "belong" to someone. This is further emphasized as Higgins says to Eliza after she is well transformed into a elegant, eloquent and eligible young woman, "You might marry, you know".

    • Word count: 571
  21. Analysis of Hamlet's "Quintessence of Dust" speech.

    He seems to be admiring man; he even compares man's action to angel actions and man understanding as gods. But to Hamlet, humankind is a perfect example of dust, something worthless. This speech also tells how much Hamlet thinks that the ability to be knowledgeable is better than acting right in the moment. That's why he uses the simile of "apprehension, how like a god", and he too shows his inclination towards apprehension because he delays the murdering of Claudius because he thought of where Claudius' souls would go if he killed right away, so he thought in

    • Word count: 581
  22. Spying in Hamlet. Denmark is a prison in here a mood of suspicion and secrecy pervades the entire drama, there is a distinct sense of lack of trust and sense of surveillance.

    In Act I, Scene 3 when Laertes is preparing to leave, Polonius is very insistent in great detail about how he should behave in France. So he sends Reynald to know if Laertes is gaming, drinking or going to brothels, anything that could affect the family reputation. So in this example the level of surveillance get to the point of spying their own family. Finally his curiosity lead to his death, curiosity killed the cat. Subsequently the next spying situation is when Claudius and Polonius are spying on Hamlet.

    • Word count: 1069
  23. My creative writing assignment is based off of the book Thousand Cranes by Yasunari Kawabata. This novel is about the power of different types of relationships and how those relationships affect characters life decisions.

    Anyone who has read this book will benefit greatly from reading the journal because it opens up a lot of insight about the real story. The aspects of Thousand Cranes that I intend to focus on are the relationships that Fumiko has with her friends, family, and lovers, as well as the relationship she thinks she has with herself. I will speak about Fumiko in relation to her mother, and how many people "in [her] round, soft face saw her mother" (78).

    • Word count: 1529
  24. Rudyard Kiplings The Man Who Would Be King is a thematic story on many levels. The underlying themes are to live ones life adventurously, the importance of relationships, and also an allegorical satire of the British Empire.

    Actually living life is a topic that Rudyard Kipling touches upon in his book. The main way that Rudyard uses the theme of living life in the book is by showing how rewarding fully living life can be. One situation where the rewards of living "in the moment" are shown is when Peachey asks Kipling to deliver the message to Daniel. Kipling goes out on a limb and takes on the request, taking advantage of the opportunity for adventure. His reward is the experiences and friendships made because he took on the task.

    • Word count: 1088
  25. The process of change is necessary for growth. I strongly agree with the statement and it is supported with the novel The Pearl written by John Steinbeck, and the prose Sky High by Hannah Roberts.

    In 'The Pearl', the main character, Kino, starts off happy just living with basic requirements on the quiet shore of La Paz. Imagery is used to depict this and is evident in the quote, 'Kino heard the little splash of morning waves on the beach. It was very good - Kino closed his eyes again to listen to his music.' This shows how Kino feels towards his current life, which is content and relaxed, before his journey of changing self.

    • Word count: 797

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