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International Baccalaureate: World Literature

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  1. Commentary on Charles Baxter's "The Cousin"

    Instead of discouraging his cousin?s dream, he should encourage Brantford tries to achieve his dream. In addition, the narrator comes up with questions as suggestions of what the cousin should do to make a living such as ?What about the animals?? or ?Veterinary school?? Brantford sees animals as his family and never does a thing to harm animals. He will never live off animals. The narrator always acts like he understands everything about Brantford, but he really does not. When Benjamin knows Brantford found a girlfriend named Camille, he does not care to come and visit them for a long time until the day he sees Camille at Brantford?s memorial service.

    • Word count: 832
  2. In Ernest Hemingways Hills Like White Elephants, we find two people outside of a pub/tavern waiting for a train drinking a few beers

    The word abortion is never used throughout the story, but it is clear to the reader that the man is persuading the woman he calls ?Jig? to undergo the procedure. First off she does not want to do this because she feels if she does her reputation as a lady will perish away. He pretends to be concerned with her thoughts and tries to diminish the difficult operation she is about to undergo, but he is actually more concerned with his own happiness (as it seems).

    • Word count: 744
  3. A Biography of Guy de Maupassant.

    By the age of 13, he attended his first school, a small seminary at Yvetot. He engineered his own expulsion for trivial offenses in 1868 and after expulsion he went on to Rouen Lycée. At Le Havre, he went onto obtaining his bachelor’s. By 1869, he went on to study law in Paris. His studies were interrupted when he decided to enlist in the Franco-Prussian War, where he served as a private in the field. Later, through his father’s influences, he was transferred to quartermasters.

    • Word count: 542
  4. Commentary on Big Brother, Little Sister by Witi Ihimaera

    The verb ?peck? associates ideas of birds inability to defend its self with with Janey. It is from this that we start that she is much younger and more vulnerable that Hema which ties in with the ?Big Brother, Little Sister? idea in the title. This frighted image of Janey is reinforced throughout the scene as she ?began to whimper? and ?gripped Hema in fright?. Just as janey is characterised as being the ?little sister? Hema is shown to be the ;big brother?, in the way that he protects janey ?don?t be scared? even though it is the worst fight he has eve heard.

    • Word count: 724
  5. To What Extent is The Sound of Waves a Good Depiction of the Genre Bildungsroman?

    Bildungsroman is basically a coming-of-age novel “dealing with the education and development of its protagonists” (Webster’s College Dictionary Def 1). “Bildung” is originated from German and relates to words such as “portrait”, “picture”, “shaping”, and “formation” while “roman” simply means “novel”. While Bildungsroman is described as a development of the main character, it is divided into subgenres to further specify books. The three subgenres are Entwicklungsroman: a novel of general growth rather than self-cultivation, Erziehungsroman: a novel focussing on training and schooling, and Künstlerroman: a novel concerned with the development of an artist and shows a growth of self.

    • Word count: 1456
  6. Alienation in The Metamorphosis and A Doll's House

    While Nora has the role of being at home, Gregor is always busy working and travelling having no stable relationships with many people in his life, including his own family who he would only see during Christmas or rarely at dinners. He also tends to please the family and worries about their reputation within society when the manager comes in to their house wondering why Gregor was absent from the office. Gregor?s state is much more tragic as when he transforms he is seen as burden to the family although through life he was dominated by his father and his

    • Word count: 1510
  7. In Edgar Allen Poes short stories: The Black Cat and The Fall of The House of Usher the idea of insanity is accompanied by death or decay in some way.

    In ?The Black Cat?, alcohol symbolizes the evolution of the narrator into insanity, which would ultimately lead him to murder Pluto, his cat. ?But my disease grew upon me- for what disease is like Alcohol! - and at lengths even Pluto, who was now becoming old and consequently somewhat peevish- even Pluto began to experience the effects of my ill temper? (Poe, 224). One can clearly see that as the effects of alcohol increase in their use, the narrator is unable to control his temper.

    • Word count: 1005
  8. A prime example of gothic literature, Emily Brontes Wuthering Heights employs exemplary usage of gothic elements such as weather, the supernatural, and darkness.

    In Wuthering Heights, Heathcliff is portrayed as a troubled character who seeks revenge for his problems. His symbolic connection to sinister things such as Satan in Paradise Lost, predatory beasts, and the links between him, the devil, and hell only further add to his development as a detached misanthropist. John Milton?s work, Paradise Lost includes many similarities to Heathcliff and Lucifer, almost to the extent of identifying Heathcliff with that of a fallen angel. In one part of Paradise Lost, Lucifer is spoken of by the author: ?of dauntless courage, and considerate pride waiting revenge,? giving off the idea that Lucifer, like Heathcliff, waits for the perfect opportunity to act on his revenge after his mistreatment.

    • Word count: 1304
  9. Analysis of Edwidge Danticat's "Brother, I'm Dying"

    Imagine being a child whose parents live two thousand miles away. You are not allowed to visit them, and they are not allowed to visit you. Imagine being a parent whose child is across the ocean, and you?re unable to offer your love and care. Imagine saying goodbye to the only life you?ve ever known, and coming to a country that treats you like a criminal. For many immigrants, such painful scenarios have been all too real. Edwidge Danticat employs her simple storytelling to describe the personal and political sacrifices her family made as a result of their journey to this country.

    • Word count: 761
  10. Reflection of Society in the "Grapes of Wrath"

    The family finds a barn for refuge until the rain stops. In the corner of the barn there are a starving man and a boy. Ma and Rose of Sharon realize what they must do. Rose of Sharon gives the dying man her breast milk. As we can see, the themes of religion, humanitarian, and feminism are all visible in this brief chapter. To begin with, the final statements of the Grapes of Wrath by John Steinbeck clearly exemplify the religious themes that the part symbolizes. This part brings the light of Jesus into the book.

    • Word count: 2738
  11. The collision of the Native American, European, and African cultures greatly influenced the shaping of the American society.

    The Native American culture is mainly presented through two different themes, the themes of respect for nature and animals. For example, according to the ?Great Mystery,? there are two main symbols of nature, the sun and the earth. The sun is the father and the Earth is the mother. The sun gives the seeds for life, as a father would do and the Earth nurtures these organisms, as a mother would do. The example of respect towards animals is shown in the Native American creation myths, specifically, the ?Coyotes? creation myth and ?The Sky Tree? creation myths. In the coyotes, there is a coyote that acts like ?Superman? and aids people by destroying the evil and teaching human important skills.

    • Word count: 859
  12. Gender Roles in "Chronicle of a Death Foretold",

    However, all this changes when Angela Vicario confesses that Santiago Nasar had taken her virginity. Women?s issues suddenly become men?s matter when Angela Vicario confesses that Santiago Nasar had taken her virginity. Marquez mentions, ?After their sister revealed the name to them, the Vicario twins went to the bin in the pigsty where they kept their sacrificial tools and picked out the two best knives?? (30) Women were thought to organize the family and do inner works and men were expected to do the aggressive and external obligations. With Angela?s confession, the twin brothers were suddenly compelled to murder Santiago Nasar to win back their honor.

    • Word count: 1016
  13. Moods, colors and people of the deep blue sea are portrayed in The Sound of Waves" and " The Odyssey".

    much as Homer with the shades and colors but does draw it as being ?The dark indigo sea?[17] and then having ?opulent dark-blue waves on the open sea?[18]. A considerable metaphor used throughout the entire Odyssey about four times in books I, XIV and XV is Thelemachus?s irony in making fun of the people who arrive on Ithaca asking them ?Who are your sailors? I don?t suppose you walked here on the sea?[19], with this, he plays a joke and teases them as it is impossible to walk over the sea.

    • Word count: 8838
  14. Female Rebellion in Handmaid's Tale

    Being the narrator of the novel, Offred primarily shows her rebellion against Gilead society. Deprived of reading, writing, proper communication, technology etc., she tapes cassettes for the whole story. Despite the highly hazards of having caught while taping casettes, which is not mentioned in the novel at all, by giving the basis of the novel, Offred?s rebellion is brought out. Through Offred?s narration, flashbacks of her former life are conveyed. By the flashbacks, she can actually get out of boring and constraining system of Gilead society. Offred says, ?What I need is perspective. The illusion of depth ... Otherwise you live in the moment. Which is not where I want to be? (Chapter 24)

    • Word count: 819
  15. Analyse the Philosophic Justification of Raskolnikov's Actions in "Crime and Punishment".

    The theory maintains that that action must be done which maximizes the total benefit for the majority. It assesses the rightness or wrongness of the action on the value principle i.e. [c]how much pleasure and pain does the action produce as a consequence: maximizing the pleasure and minimizing the pain. It is a consequentialist theory which suggests that the ends justify the means. Thus, according to Raskolnikov, killing is right if the end result brings about more net happiness than the alternative. However, this hedonistic equation is flawed. It over simplifies the moral dilemma to the point of distortion and leaves out cardinal considerations for utilitarianism such as evaluating all possible alternatives and assigning equal weight to the pleasure and pain of everyone.

    • Word count: 1674
  16. Describe the theme of opposites in "Wuthering Heights".

    ?A range of gaunt thorns all stretching their limb one way, as if craving alms of the sun?, Built to endure harsh storms of the dark, the lifeless mansion with bleak vegetation sits on top of the moors, with soggy and infertile land underneath that buries the ashes of vicious, suffering souls. Through the untrimmed vines, you can vaguely see the deep scratches on the moldy walls and ceilings of the dusty rooms hidden behind the shattered windows, that have trapped and sheltered many kind and unkind ones.

    • Word count: 620
  17. Neruda Reflective statement. Through the interactive oral, my understanding of Nerudas work has improved, particularly the recurring theme of surrealism.

    Furthermore, the idea of how Neruda breaks free from conventional poetry was also discussed during the oral. In ?Leaning into the Evenings?, natural images are not employed conventionally.

    • Word count: 406
  18. How to Tame a Wild Tongue and The Squirrel Mother Comparative Commentary

    The juxtaposed rhetorical questions then indicates that there has been attempts on ?taming? and ?saddling? her will to break away from her role, portrayed by her uncontrollable tongue and the dentist. We then explore a Mexican student?s experience learning English in America. As a child, this Mexican student learned about certain phrase. One of them was ?Muchachitas bien criadas?, meaning that well-bred girls do not answer back. This shows that in culture, there is already a set role for both genders.

    • Word count: 839
  19. A Dolls House. Given Noras final words (Ive stopped believing in miracles) is her characterization in Act 3 itself unbelievable?

    Linde, which contrasts to her previous stating that ?[she] should not think of going against your wishes]? suggesting a foreshadowing an ongoing change within her character. Due to the form being a play and therefore the lack of descriptive settings, it is the character?s actions and their contact with the objects that surround them that defines them. For example, at certain moments in the play Nora ?moves towards stove,? and it is argued that these action convey her need for emotional warmth.

    • Word count: 970
  20. The Message of "The Princesses Forum" by Linda Kavanagh

    The story is written with a satirical and a little bit humorous tone to protest the idea of gender differences and marriage forced upon women in the fairytales. Author simply using famous fairytale characters and their backgrounds to attract the reader?s attention to the purpose of the text. If the text had been written in a different time, the perspectives of characters would have been changed just like in the Princesses? Forum. ?I?m not particularly keen to have some idiot come along and try to annexe my territory to his, under the guise of having fallen madly in love with me.? (page 36)

    • Word count: 1119
  21. How does Carol Ann Duffy use myths in her poems in The Worlds Wife?

    So again she used the fairytale because she brought in the wolf because in the fairytale he is the big bad wolf but in the poem I guess you could call him the big bad poet because he uses little red cap and leaves her heartbroken. Now let?s take the example of ?Mrs. Midas? in this poem she takes the Greek myth of Midas the man with the touch of gold which means anything he touched would turn into gold.

    • Word count: 582
  22. To what extent does Guy de Maupassant show sympathy for Madame Loisel in 'The Necklace'?

    minor civil servants.? The use of the phrase ?one of those? suggest that she is not as special as the author makes her to be but the author has not yet answered what makes her worthy of this story. Maupassant also mentions that she was born poor ?by some error of Fate,? implying that Madame Loisel doesn?t deserve to be born poor and that because she could not help it, and thus, the readers should feel sorry for her. He then goes on to say that ?she had no dowry, no expectations, no means of meeting some rich, important man.?

    • Word count: 2532
  23. Works In Translation Reflective Statement on "A Doll's House".

    She left her children to ?find herself?; In today?s day and age that suffices as the norm but in a time when women were considered weak, feeble and fragile, juxtaposed to men; was she really doing the right thing? I found it a trifle difficult to understand why some people thought she was wrong; maybe it was a cultural barrier or just a difference in opinion.

    • Word count: 406
  24. In A Dolls House by defying societal norms Nora enhances the empowerment of women

    All her life, she had been under the thumb of a man telling her what and what not to do, authorizing and analyzing her every move. Nora?s life however, ignored her potential. She realized she did not need to fit a certain mold just because of her gender though Society thought otherwise. Henrik Ibsen uses symbolism in the form of the Christmas tree in the beginning of the book to portray Nora to be a decoration in Torvalds life, something most women were in their respective households.

    • Word count: 1559
  25. Comparative Essay on Mother by Grace Paley and dear mother by Seitlhamo Motsapi

    The flashbacks contain dialogue, but Paley does not use any quotation marks throughout the text. One prominent example occurs in the first paragraph. ?It was New Year?s Day. She said sadly, If you come home at 4 A.M. when you?re seventeen, what time will you come home when you?re twenty?? The effect of this unconventional stylistic technique is that the dialogue blends in with the narrator?s voice, accentuating the dream-like nature of the narrator?s memories of an event buried deep in the past.

    • Word count: 924

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