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International Baccalaureate: World Literature

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  1. In what ways do the theme of Illusion and reality affect the life of the characters in the two novels, Madame Bovary and The Doctors Wife?

    During that ball she feels as if she is living the life of Paul and Virginia?s heroine. She was the slave of her heart so she tried everything to fulfill her heart?s demands. She never lives in peace because she always compares her reality to her dreams. And when her life doesn?t go the way she planned she then realizes that she is not living the life of fulfillment she?s always dreamt of. But in turn when she takes those steps to turn her life around, she never really cares about who she?s hurting.

    • Word count: 1555
  2. Yet Another Poem About A Dying Child- Poetry Comentary

    Frame shows them as in denial. ?Poets and parents say he cannot die?? In the first line the reader already understands this as slightly ridiculous, it is impossible not to die. ?Their word across his mouth obscures and cures his murmuring goodbyes.? The parents are glossing over the truth, hiding it. They do not want to face reality and so dismiss what he says. They ?cure? suggesting that what he is saying is crazy and wrong and that they, by replacing his words with their own, are doing what is right and helping him.

    • Word count: 711
  3. Planting a Sequoia, Poetry Commentary

    Cold is often synonymous for unemotional with connotations of hardness. In the same way that the ?cold winds? are keeping back the rain that ?blackened the horizons? her emotional hardness is keeping back tears that threatened to overcome her. This is important for the readers understanding as everybody can sympathise with the feeling of strong emotion threatening to engulf you in a bad situation. She uses this metaphor of the weather to create contrast further emphasising the sadness of the situation. In the second stanza she creates a certain image, a father in Sicily planting an olive or fig tree.

    • Word count: 1160
  4. The extract from "The Comfort of Strangers" by Ian McEwan is set in the house of a middle-class family made up of two parents and three children.

    The extract concludes with Robert feeling remorseful and afraid to confront his sisters. This finale alleviates our understanding of the rhetorical question at the beginning of the extract ?Did my sisters hate me?? In this essay, the writer?s use of detail and his veiled meanings will be explored. The writer in this extract establishes some form of gender and age gap between Robert and his sisters, Eva and Maria. The gender gap is brought to light when the boy sits on the bed whilst his sisters put on make-up and clothes.

    • Word count: 895
  5. The development of guilt in Macbeth

    Immediately after Macbeth had killed King Duncan his guilt was apparent, though Lady Macbeth?s guilt was not shown until later in the play. When their guilt had finally been acknowledged, neither one of them was willing to take responsibility for their actions and so the guilt continued to eat away at each of them, resulting in devastating consequences for both of them. Perhaps the most obvious technique used by Shakespeare to express the idea that guilt cannot be ignored was Symbolism.

    • Word count: 829
  6. Consider the narrators role in the Great Gatsby

    As the narrator, Carraway confessed that he was an unbiased and objective person in the first chapter. He himself mentioned that he was ?inclined to reserve all judgment, a habit that has opened up many curious natures? to him. This shows reliability in his accounts and witnesses of the various events. In a sense, it shows that the narrator had no judgmental view on the events of tale which encourages the reader to trust Carraway?s eyes as the recorder of events.

    • Word count: 1468
  7. Child and Insect by Robert Druce is an exceptional poem capturing the childlike approach to a new experience.

    In stanza one the reader is introduced to an excited boy readily taking in a new experience as he captures a grasshopper. The enjambment is quite uniform in this first section, suggesting a link with the emotional state of the child ? stable happiness. Druce uses alliteration of ?h? sound in the opening line of the poem, ?he cannot hold his hand huge enough.? This shows that it is something difficult to grasp, as the sentence suggests, and the ?h? sounds, rather hard to say altogether, further empahsises the pleasant struggle of a child to take in the awe.

    • Word count: 1122
  8. The Name of the Rose. The rule of St. Benedict influences life in the monastery by setting specific rules that monks should follow.

    Malachi the Librarian renders chapter 33 of the Rule which forbids the private possession of anything without the leave of the abbot. He explained the process that is conveyed when distributing books from the library, "the monk asked the librarian for the work he wish to consult and the librarian then went to fetch it from the library above, if the request was justified and devout" (74). In the Rule of St. Benedict, it says that monks are not to act violent towards other monks.

    • Word count: 1266
  9. Guided literary analysis on the piece "The Art of Travel"

    He could be referring to the boring hours of having been ?on the road?. Among the vast country, only ?stands a single-storey glass-and-redbrick service station?. This gives the persona a reason to leave the car but it seems to serve as another disappointment, as seen later on in the passage, with the writer describing the service station as ?architecturally miserable? and having ?smelt of frying oil and lemon-scented floor polish?. The writer also adds in a little humour, claiming that a laminated advertisement is meant for ?motorists and to the sheep in an adjacent field?.

    • Word count: 990
  10. The poem ode on a Grecian urn by John Keats was written in 1819

    In the fourth stanza he brings up this theme again by portraying an empty town. He questions about why the town is so empty but towards the end of the stanza he realizes he will never know because the picture will stay the same forever and no one will ever resolve the question as to why its so desolate. This stanza has a sense of mystery to it that the theme of silence has brought out. We see that silence is a theme because t is an urn that the poet is talking about and nothing on the urn can be really heard.

    • Word count: 1096
  11. Commentary on Setting in "The Great Gatsby" Chapter 2

    From there they can see the valley; they can see how bad or undeveloped the place is. However I feel that this is also like a transition stage between West egg and New York. Another one of the setting is at the garage in the valley of ashes. ?The interior was unprosperous and bare?, this showed that the place was really run-down and no one actually bothers about the design and layout of the place, thus fitting into the valley of ashes as it is where a much lower class of people live.

    • Word count: 1023
  12. So Long a Letter, by Mariama Ba, and Song of Lawino, by Okot pBitek, tell the stories of women who were affected by polygamy and how they accept or reject the idea of group marriage.

    This paper will also contrast the educated women and the uneducated women in the novels and will describe how education and independence played a significant role in each character?s decision to accept change into their lives. The main goal of this paper is to explore each character?s new role in life. So Long a Letter is a novel written in the form of a diary by Ramatoulaye to her childhood friend Aissatou. Ramatoulaye and Aissatou made their own choices regarding marriage, and their choices did not come without consequences.

    • Word count: 1245
  13. Discuss the significance of jingles in "Equus".

    His interest of particular jingles may be caused by his father?s views and restrictions towards it. The authoritarian behavior of his father causes Alan developed a depressed and isolated feeling that he kept to himself. This depression was channelized by Alan through the television, where contrasts with his father; television has no restrictions towards his life. He gains his freedom through the world of television. From the following excerpt of scene 6 of the play, Frank Strang?s point of view is clearly highlighted.

    • Word count: 917
  14. Comparison of "The Great Gatsby" novel to the film version.

    In the following quote; ?The flowers were unnecessary? a greenhouse?, Nick raises the issue of the conspicuous excess of flowers that were filling his Cottage. This scene highlights Gatsby?s obsession to make everything perfect for Daisy?s arrival. This scene in the film adaption however, uses the technique, Mise en Scene in its visual portrayal of the excessive number of flowers in a confined space. Gatsby frantic rearrangement of Nick?s house to how he likes it; or more so, to how he believes it be appropriate for Daisy?s taste is the climax and is depicted in the novel by, ??of course, of course!

    • Word count: 917
  15. How Setting is used in "The Great Gatsby" to show moral decay.

    In this novel, the valley of ashes is portrayed as a wasteland, whereby Fitzgerald sees the valley of ashes as a land of absolute desolation and poverty. When Fitzgerald describes ?the motor road hastily joins the railroad?, it highlights the great contrast between the valley of ashes and the surrounding area as the word ?hastily? highlights the desire for people to ?shirk away? as far as possible from the area and even pretending that it is non-existent. Furthermore, through the movement of the people surrounding the valley, with ?ash-gray men swarm[ing] up with leaden spades and stir[ring] up an impenetrable cloud? , it seems to create a ?wall?, blocking out onlookers and enabling them to ignore their presence.

    • Word count: 671
  16. The Crucible Act 1 Summary Notes.

    Marry Warren is the servant for Mr. Proctor, because Abigail was fired. She got really nervous because she is afraid that many people in town are going to be labeled as witches and probably scared of the consequences. Betty suddenly rises and starts crying for her mother, people in the room claim that she cannot hear "the lords name" so that's what woke her up, which was actually a just a fever. Abigail tells the other girls that she had had a conversation with Mr.

    • Word count: 734
  17. Analysis of Women's Position in "A dolls house" and " Uncle Vanya".

    In A Doll?s House, Ibsen employs the themes and structures of classical tragedy while writing in prose about everyday, unexceptional people. A Doll?s House also manifests Ibsen?s concern for women?s rights, and for human rights in general. Now I will focus on the individual characteristics of each character in the play, starting with Nora, the protagonist. This will help to understand the women position by that time, and the male view towards the family and his wife; meaning the structure of the household by the 19th or 20th century.

    • Word count: 2975
  18. World Literature Commentary on Oh Earth, Wait for Me Pablo Neruda

    Whilst Neruda has written many other poems, which was famous for his classics of; love, war, and many more, this essay will be exploring and analyzing the different literary techniques used by Neruda to create an understanding of how the significance of nature is being expressed within this poem. In ?Oh Earth, wait for me?, Earth is not representing the planet itself, but as nature and how it impacts Neruda as his home, and where he belongs. The poem does not have a particular structure, and could be seen as free verse.

    • Word count: 977
  19. I know why the caged birds sing - IB Essay

    Willie Johnson proves to be a protector of these children during their stay with Momma. Maya believes strongly, that she is ugly and a rejected child, while Bailey is quite good at handling negative criticism and is compassionate towards her young sister, who bears with insults, from white people when she is unable to complete poem reciting in church. She runs away, wetting herself, crying and laughing at herself, thus venting the ridiculing thoughts that surrounded her when she began singing. She finds solace in isolating herself, in the events of insults and traumatic thoughts attacking her from all sides.

    • Word count: 1519
  20. Crucible Commentary - In this passage, Arthur Miller uses punctuation, diction and stage direction to show how Abigail is a selfish and greedy little girl seeking only her benefits

    Arthur Miller used punctuation to show how Abigail selfishly says anything she must although the listener does not like hearing her talk. Abigail was talking to Proctor how she had an affair with Proctor when he was already a married man. But Proctor did not want to talk about it and tried to avoid admitting the act he committed before. Abigail kept on projecting her voice and described how Proctor had passion during the act and enjoyed having an affair with Abigail.

    • Word count: 1167
  21. This essay will explore how these concepts of belonging are demonstrated within Jhumpa Lahiris novel The Namesake, and the given text for comparison which is an article called From Alienation to Belonging, by Randa Jarrar.

    Ashima?s parents arranged her marriage to a man named Ashoke who had been studying engineering at MIT in America. Ashima was asked whether she would be able to let go of her home in India to live in America with Ashoke, which she agreed to do. When she reaches America, it is in the midst of winter, and everything seems strange and foreign to her. It was very cold and had an obvious language barrier which makes it hard for Ashima to assimilate into the American culture and way of life.

    • Word count: 1407
  22. Social Distinction in the novel Pygmalion

    An extremely important characteristic of this play is that it was written in London, 1912. What makes this so important is that 1912 London was a hodgepodge of dialects where social status was closely linked to where you sounded like you came from. Interestingly, though, Shaw sets the play in "Present" rather than specifying 1912, which is when most productions are set. Importance of the Act 1 The interchange between language and social class can be symbolized through Shaw?s characters. The author uses different characters to portray different aspects of class divisions, which are depicted in the very first act.

    • Word count: 5967
  23. Topic: as a political allegory, Lord of the Flies is highly dependent upon the use of symbols for its success. Discuss

    The political symbols related to Second World War (Cold War), which when William Golding is the soldier. Throughout the novel, Golding implements two distinct politically related symbols by the conch represents law, order, equality and democracy, also Jack represents dictatorship in the society. The conch represents law, order and equality as freedom to speak one?s mind. Ralph uses the conch to gather the boys for meeting and illustrate his power. Without the conch, it would be very difficult to get things organized and noticed for meetings. The boys use the conch to elect leader, Ralph is chosen with most votes. Therefore it stands for democracy. But compare with Jack, the leader of another choir, by absolute power.

    • Word count: 1347
  24. English World Literature Essay, First draft- Dr. Zhivago

    The novel was set during the Russian Revolution, which in itself was an ideological struggle that did not discriminate between the young and the old. This novel can be categorized as a colonial or a post colonial novel which is a political stance taken by a writer in favour of a disfavouring imperialism. Dr. Zhivago speaks of the collective political stand against society and a concept of freedom over autocracy which stems from an individual thought or frame of mind.

    • Word count: 1378
  25. A Glorious Morning, Comrade contains humour, yet You Are Now Entering The Human Heart has a darker mood and is full of tension. In neither stories, are the young generation able to understand the point of view of the older generation

    Miss A is a teacher, who is near retiring age. She teaches very young children. She has a strong fear of snakes, based on her experiences and her traditional beliefs that snakes are dangerous and should be killed. In the story, the author described Miss A as ?a city woman born and bred. All snakes were creatures to kill?? In contrast, the snake attendant knows more about snakes, and that not all snakes are dangerous. The attendant expects Miss A to have a relaxed attitude towards the snake. As such, he told the children that ?Your teacher has a snake around her neck and she?s not afraid?.

    • Word count: 763

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