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International Baccalaureate: World Literature

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  1. Freedom plays a crucial role in the lives of the protagonists in the texts A Dolls House and One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich.

    In 'A Doll's House', Torvald uses derogatory diminutives words like 'little skylark'1 and 'squirrel'2, to address her. Torvald's paternalism is echoed in his use of sticky flatteries to Nora and his lecturing tone, as if talking to a stubborn child. These diminutive nicknames look harmless and loving, but they show how insignificant he thinks she is. It also signifies her helplessness and her dependence on him. Torvald treats her as a child to show her inexperienced life. Similarly, in 'One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich', camp guards show prisoners' imprisonment through motifs of abusive and dehumanizing language, where numbers are used instead of names.

    • Word count: 1852
  2. Notes on Greek Drama and its influence in Theatre in the Victorian Era in A Dolls House

    o Not so much pressure o No private world (ex. Oedipus) o Doll's House --> The play already begins with secrecy; Nora hiding Christmas tree and macaroons Victorian Society vs. Greek Society (Jin) o Victorian --> Private * Reputation was important * High Social Class demonstrated dignity. * The most important criteria for respectability in Victorian England was one's bloodlines, especially if they were aristocratic. * By Victorian standards, an unmarried mother is a most scandalous and dishonorable individual. It means that she lost her virginity before marriage.

    • Word count: 983
  3. Analysis of Dancing Classes by Gwen Raverat

    The passage is to simple, descriptive and narrative paragraphs. This passage is in first person narration. The first paragraph is about all that she was made to do and the other one was how she took revenge on them. The first impression that the reader gets about this passage is very obvious that according to her she's not had a good childhood. Shows that she remembers each and every detail, like the name of the teacher she disliked. Generally when something we don't like happens to us it's hard to forget. According to me the same has happened to the writer.

    • Word count: 644
  4. Questions on "Araby" by James Joyce

    They are on the brink of understanding their sexual identity. But though these boys run around the neighborhood like typical kids. However, they are also becoming interested in the adult world, such as spying on the narrator's uncle as he comes home from work and, more importantly, on Mangan's sister, whose dress "swung as she moved" and whose "soft rope of hair tossed from side to side." These boys are on the brink of sexual awareness 3. What does Managans sister represent to the narrator? Mangan's sister inspires the story's action, you can assume through the reading that the narrator knows almost nothing about her.

    • Word count: 846
  5. Toni Morrison's novel, "Sula", has been hailed by several critics as a remarkable expression of the feminist ideology. To accurately understand this novel, it is necessary to focus on symbols used throughout.

    Birds are everywhere in Sula, and they are often associated with specific characters. When we meet Rochelle, she wears a "canary-yellow dress" and has the "glare of a canary" (40) (41). And we already know that a "plague of robins" (1) arrives in Medallion just before Sula does. Birds invoke the idea of flight, which makes sense when we consider that Cecile and Sula both flee at some point in the story. And robins are often associated with the spring, the season of rebirth and growth.

    • Word count: 2393
  6. John Patrick Shanley's Doubt is not a play about the relative merits of child molesting or kindness but about that terrible feeling that one does not know the right course. The two main characters, Sister Aloysius and Father Flynn, are each

    Later, after being confronted by Sister Aloysius and Sister James, he gives a sermon about a woman who learns that gossiping can have uncontrollable and ruinous results. Father Flynn's style is to turn events and situations from his own life, and from the world around him, into parables. The Church is an environment that encourages security, an environment wherein the uncertainty that rules the outside world is minimized, if not overcome. Some additional key elements of Doubt are the issue of certainty, compassion, vulnerability, doubt, and how difficult it is, even in an environment of faith.

    • Word count: 1459
  7. Perfume is a book where the story is fiction yet it can be real. That's why I want to turn it into a folk tale that will be fiction yet might sound realistic to the hearer.

    The story would be about Grenouille and how it created the ultimate smell yet did he? That is for the teller to say and for the hearer to interpret. I will be looking at the scene where Grenouille sprays himself with his "ultimate perfume" during the trial and after the spraying, people at the city of Grasse are convinced that he was not the murderer and the break out into a city wide orgy. I want to make a folk tale where one tells of the story of the event and talks about it in a magical tone of voice as if it were a magical event.

    • Word count: 1038
  8. Hamlets World is One of Perplexity and Doubt. Discuss.

    Though there were a few "real" moments and actions in the play, most were acted and lay in a sense of pretense. Claudius killing elder Hamlet displays his true intentions and desires of being in the throne; his selfishness and greediness were enough cause for him to murder his own brother.

    • Word count: 403
  9. Equus Through the character of Dysart, the play questions the ultimate use of psychiatry.

    As Dysart comes to understand the crime Alan has committed, he starts to question his own work and his own ability to help children with mental problems. 'The doubts have been there for years, piling up steadily in this dreary place. It's only the extremity of this case that's made them active'4. Dysart has a dream that symbolizes the emotions he has towards his profession. The description of his dream is in no way plain, it is full of details and explanations as to the feelings and doubts he has in real life.

    • Word count: 1197
  10. How successful is the opening of Broken April?

    A technique which I think is of most importance in the successfulness of the opening of 'Broken April' is Kadare's use of pathetic fallacy, where the description of the weather connects to the cycle of life. The use of the short sentences such as "daylight was fading" suggests that darkness is to come, and this in turn signifies that the end of life is near. At this moment in time, it is unsure whether the protagonist is to die or someone else, which thus creates tension.

    • Word count: 630
  11. Symbolism in The Elephant Vanishes

    meaning in each other in life, connected to how the wife proposes a second bakery attack in order to fulfill the lack of action in the previous bakery attack, thereby fixing what was wrong, and providing her husband's life with something that is worth mentioning, through their eventual success in life. On Seeing the 100% Perfect Girl One Beautiful April Morning: One symbol that is used in 'On Seeing the 100% Perfect Girl One Beautiful April Morning' is the use of the stamp on the letter.

    • Word count: 1122
  12. The Major Themes in "Of Mice and Men".

    .They would never have their own farm which was their dream. Lennie would never be safe because he couldn't control himself and would constantly get them into trouble. George had to decide whether to kill Lennie before Curley did, or to let him run away. If he let him run away and hide, then he would just keep experiencing hardship after hardship(104). His mental disability which produced uncontrollable behavior would always be a hindering factor. George didn't want to see Lennie get killed by Curley and decided he had to do it himself.

    • Word count: 1437
  13. How does Khaled Hosseini tell the story in chapter 12 in his novel The Kite Runner?

    The way Amir describes Soraya is 'brown eyed face' and 'her silver jingled bracelet hanging down her slender wrists'. The form that Hosseini in this chapter clearly used is the building of Amir's and Soraya's relationship which ends them both getting engaged at the end of the chapter. This is a very significant chapter because Amir realizes that he in many ways is very different to Soraya one of them is her having courage to speak about the secret which she believed that Amir had to know in order for them to have a good relationship between them as Amir says 'I envied her.

    • Word count: 1001
  14. Poetry Anthology with commentaries

    A Winter Ship by Sylvia Plath At this wharf there are no grand landings to speak of. Red and orange barges list and blister Shackled to the dock, outmoded, gaudy, And apparently indestructible. The sea pulses under a skin of oil. A gull holds his pose on a shanty ridgepole, Riding the tide of the wind, steady As wood and formal, in a jacket of ashes, The whole flat harbor anchored in The round of his yellow eye-button. A blimp swims up like a day-moon or tin Cigar over his rink of fishes. The prospect is dull as an old etching.

    • Word count: 3410
  15. Reading Notes: One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich

    He is quick to finish the job and hurries to the mess hall so he does not miss out on breakfast. He then goes to the "sick bay" to get his fever checked out but his temperature is not high enough to get him off work. Every morning, the prisoners are lined up in the cold and are searched and counted. If anything forbidden is found on them, the are sent to solitary confinement or "the hole" as they call it.

    • Word count: 1037
  16. Reading Notes: Great Expectations Plot Outline

    These visits changed him because, for one, he had a crush on Estella, Miss Havisham's adopted daughter. Estella taunts him knowing that he has a crush on her and plays with it. Miss Havisham told her to do so. She said that she should make him think that a relationship was possible and then break his heart. She also was the reason that Pip wanted to become a gentleman. She later went on to Paris to become a lady. Georgiana becomes weak and sick at this time and they receive help from a girl named Biddy who is mainly there to take care of Mrs.

    • Word count: 1272
  17. Contrasting the straight forward realist drama style of "A Doll's House" by Henrik Ibsen with the epistolary novel style of "So Long a Letter" by Mariama Ba in revealing the inner feelings and thoughts of the characters in their stories.

    The only penetration into the inner world of women, depicting her in pieces of art as strong and rebellious personality who cannot tolerate the injustice and prejudices of contemporary family life, was revolution in itself then. That is why, although these works are written in different parts of the world, belong to different cultures, historical backgrounds and religious traditions, even different genres, they are very common in revealing the inner feelings of their women characters. These convergences and divergences will be further studied in our research.

    • Word count: 2421
  18. These two short stories The Handsomest Drowned Man in the World and A Very Old Man with Enormous Wings by Gabriel Marquez deal with the arrival of unusual and rather strange visitors.

    He is "covered with a crust of mud and scales", yet the people of the village are compassionate enough to take care of and clean off this lone stranger, despite his filthy state. Not only this, but the women decide to make him pants that he could wear, because "the tallest men's holiday pants would not fit him", and they wanted him to "continue through his death with dignity". The women even go as far as to compare the dead man to "their own men", by radically giving the drowned man a back story, making him seem wonderful and magnificent, as opposed to their own men.

    • Word count: 1428
  19. Country lovers By Nadine Gordimer. In the short story Country lovers be Nadine Gordimer, the story represents the life in South Africa under the apartheid which made black people very oppressed

    didn't get any chances and encouragement for education like white children , this demonstrates how the prejudice and racism destroys the lives and the innocent between the social classes. The story depicts a contemporary love story across the racial barrier, between a slave and her master's son, a love grew between them but their relationship wasn't socially accepted at this time, Paulus and Thebedi had to hide their relationship from their family and friends "Plastic sheets spread over the bed " they don't want anyone to know about paulus presence as they slept in his sister room, she had a true feelings towards Paulus "she told the girls in the kraal that she had another sweetheart ...

    • Word count: 1135
  20. Compare the literary techniques employed by Anna Akhmatova in her poetry and Isabel Allende in City of the Beasts conveying the concept of endurance and/or resistance

    In City of the Beast and "The Sentence", explicit use of diction is used to show Akhmatova and Allende's internal struggles. Alex, the protagonist in City of the Beast, is seen to be fighting against his confused emotions and the love he had for his ill mother and family. His internal battle can be seen as he witnesses his father shaving off his mother's hair "...he leaned against the wall with his eyes closed, trying to control the hurricane of feelings that shook him to his marrow" (p.

    • Word count: 1301
  21. Outline the ways in which the most prominent theme in Allendes City of the Beast expresses the moral of the story

    In addition, Allende uses setting to imply that Western culture has created a generation in which no one can be trusted - a civilisation full of loath, greed and destruction. Allende uses figures of speech to describe the people of the different environments in which Alexander Cold, the protagonist, is placed throughout his journey. Her use of similes in describing the citizens of New York 'looked like robots' (p.17) and 'like crazy people' (p.17) contrasts the way she describes the lives of the People of the Mist 'the atmosphere was relaxed and festive' (p.210)

    • Word count: 935
  22. Fathers and Sons. In chapter eight of Fathers and Sons, Turgenev provides the reader with the foundation of the story and lays the ground work for one of the dominant conflicts.

    From the moment Pevel entered the room it is evident how anxious and nervous each of them became. The narrator even mentions how Fenicka was frightened of Pevel and how she would nervously play with her fingers as she spoke to him (Turgenev 41). Then the saddened look that Pevel had as he glanced at Fenicka is further highlighted once he returns to his room and stares with despair at the ceiling .The information reveled about Pevel's and Fenicka's relationship is later understood by the reader once we find out about the resemblance Fenicka has with the woman Pevel once loved.

    • Word count: 948
  23. To What Extent Do The Writers From The Books 'The Last Night' and 'Refugee Blues' Present The Fate Of The Jews As Inevitable?

    The word 'Last' in the title shows there is no escape for the Jews and that it's the final part of their bad journey. Their fate is inevitable because it seems they have already are accepted their death. The title 'Refugee Blues' does not make the Jews' fate clear because the word 'Refugee' is not a word to describe the concentration camps but as the reader reads on the Jews' fate becomes very clear. The word 'Refugee' shows that even though the Jews are far away from Germany and are in America they still feel threatened and we can tell this because there are still references to Hitler.

    • Word count: 1727
  24. The Sailor who fell from grace with the sea. What does the novel teach us about loneliness?

    Someday he would have an anchor tattooed on his chest" and at the same time being a child who longs more love from his mother have all attributed to him alienating himself from adults. First, he lacks a masculine figure guiding him in his childhood, as his father passed away when he was just 8. In the book, Noboru had an obsession for everything "mechanical", "related to the sea" and he knew everything about ships and the sea. This shows that he struggles to embrace manliness and masculinity by first liking what man likes.

    • Word count: 1250
  25. Macbeth extended essay - the aim of this investigation is to state how ambition affects the major characters and to depict the representation of Macbeths ambition in the Shakespeares play, Macbeth.

    Ambition in the play clearly shows and represents and illustrates who Macbeth is, his personality and characteristics. Secondly, the investigation concludes how ambition affects Shakespeare's Macbeth in a dominating matter. Ambition is what started the play; it also creates the main conflict of the play. The ambition sums up how one's desire and greediness are able to change characters' way of thinking or acting: from the starting point of the ambition growing, the effects on the main characters of the play, and the symbolizations and representation in the play.

    • Word count: 1802

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