• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Age of Innocence: Was Wharton Critical of New York in the 1870's or was she admiring of it?

Extracts from this document...


Age of Innocence: Was Wharton Critical of New York in the 1870's or was she admiring of it? Edith Wharton was brought up in an upper class, socially prominent New York family, where the two most significant aspects of education were modern languages and good manners. She is renowned for her infamous novels exploring matters of rigid mores in aristocratic societies like The Age of Innocence. Choosing Newland Archer as the protagonist of the book, she was able to express her ideas through him and through the voices of other characters. Although the diction throughout the book is very sarcastic and somewhat mocking, due to her experiences in World War I, she started missing her quiet childhood in New York and thus making the characters sound na�ve and narrow-minded. She was missing the peaceful times when everything wasn't complicated by the war. She was missing the 'age of innocence'. "Centuries and centuries; so long, that I'm sure I'm dead and buried, and this dear old place is heaven" (Wharton, p.14) One night at the opera, Newland Archer meets his fianc�'s first cousin, Countess Olenska, who has recently fled to New York from an unhappy marriage to a Polish count. ...read more.


(E. Wharton) It was in this apologetic and nostalgic mood that Wharton wrote The Age of Innocence. After the four long years of World War I, for which she became active in relief work, she found herself wondering if the exhausted and dreary post-war world was worth the sacrifices that it demanded. She discovered herself looking back at the peaceful New York of her childhood that she had once found so pretentious and stultifying and wondered if she had not, in her critical youth, undervalued it. Edith Wharton had put in a lot of her own voice and personal experiences into Countess Olenska. "It was you who made me understand that under the dullness there are things so fine and sensitive and delicate that even those I most cared for in my other life look cheap in comparison." (Wharton, p.180) Countess Olenska and Newland Archer are having lunch and are discussing intimate matters of their relationship. Archer asks Olenska why is it that she will not go back to Europe and she replies that it is because of him, which makes both characters feel slightly uncomfortable. ...read more.


(Wharton, p.216) Although both are equally in love, Olenska knows that she cannot build true happiness on the ruined life of May, who is not only married to Archer but also carrying his child. While Archer is distraught about being trapped in a loveless marriage, he still cannot walk out on a pregnant wife and therefore, they both must agree that the renunciation of the relationship is their only solution. When recalling her childhood years, Wharton remembered being highly critical of the local society and thinking that moving to Europe, she would find some place less prejudiced by pretentious New Yorkers. However, she realized later on in life that New York wasn't as dull as she had once thought. For Archer and Olenska, the value of renunciation has been taught to them, not, after all, by Europe with all its art and history, but by the same society of New York that they both found so restricted and limited. In my opinion, Edith Wharton was more admirable of New York in the 1870s than critical. She may have been more critical in her youth and undervalued the innocent and na�ve ways of life, but after many years of living abroad and experience with the war she realized how good life was in the 'age of innocence'. Olga Sherlygina 10-1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our International Baccalaureate World Literature section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related International Baccalaureate World Literature essays

  1. Lord of the Flies Critical Analysis

    A kind of glamour was spread over them and the scene and they were conscious of the glamour and made happy by it. They turned to each other, laughing excitedly, talking, not listening. The air was bright. When they had done laughing, Simon stroked Ralph's arm shyly; and they had to laugh again."

  2. In The Road, the boy, a kid with innocence and the father are moving ...

    Prior to this point, the man has always maintained that they are the good guys and that they are carrying the fire. As he is dying, the man seems to be saying that the child is the true good guy.

  1. Loss of Innocence

    In his innocence, Hally seems to believe that he can go on in life just being friends with Sam and Willie without having any sort of effects on his own life. This innocence can be compared to that found in ATPH in that, John Grady and his friend Lacey Rawlins

  2. Commentary Polish A1 "Siedem ywotw i prawdziwa mier"

    "Ot, uderz w st�l, a nozyce sie odezwa" jest to zwiazek frazeologiczny uzyty w tekscie aby podkreslic iz jeden z bohater�w ma cos na sumieniu i gwaltownie reaguje przez co sie zdradza. To przyslowie odwoluje sie do Bernarda kt�ry m�wi o ludziach kt�rzy wygrali przed II Wojna Swiatowa, aczkolwiek nic nie wygrali poniewaz po wojnie wszystko stalo sie panstwowe.

  1. Paralysis Essay. Edith Wharton's Ethan Frome was published during 1911. Zeena's cousin Maddie Silver, ...

    When his mother became ill; however, he had to return home from Florida to take care of her. Ethan never had much money, and he had to use his expenses he was going to use to go to Florida to keep both his parents well.

  2. Symbolism in Ethan Frome by Edith Wharton

    Zeena is the obstacle that is always between Ethan and Mattie and in this situation, the cat resembles Zeena. In chapter five, Ethan and Mattie finished supper and Ethan sits in his chair resting. Ethan tries to get a view of Mattie.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work